1568992279,timestamp,3-3 edible-flowers,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""tips-and-tidbits"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/in-today-s-cuisine-edible-flowers-are-all-that-48.gif"",""height"":""520"",""width"":""520""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/in-today-s-cuisine-edible-flowers-are-all-that-51.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/in-today-s-cuisine-edible-flowers-are-all-that-43.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/in-today-s-cuisine-edible-flowers-are-all-that-49.gif"",""height"":""520"",""width"":""520""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/in-today-s-cuisine-edible-flowers-are-all-that-52.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/in-today-s-cuisine-edible-flowers-are-all-that-53.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/in-today-s-cuisine-edible-flowers-are-all-that-48.gif"",""height"":""520"",""width"":""520""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/in-today-s-cuisine-edible-flowers-are-all-that-51.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/in-today-s-cuisine-edible-flowers-are-all-that-43.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/in-today-s-cuisine-edible-flowers-are-all-that-49.gif"",""height"":""520"",""width"":""520""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/in-today-s-cuisine-edible-flowers-are-all-that-52.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/in-today-s-cuisine-edible-flowers-are-all-that-53.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/in-today-s-cuisine-edible-flowers-are-all-that-54.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/in-today-s-cuisine-edible-flowers-are-all-that-55.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/in-today-s-cuisine-edible-flowers-are-all-that-56.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" edible-mix,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""wildflower-seed-wildflower-mixes-specialized"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""
What's in the Mix: (Contains 12 Wildflowers & Herbs)
Botanical Name Common Name Life Cycle Approx. Height & Color
Centaurea cyanus Multi Cornflower Annual 2 ft. Blue
Borago officinalis Borage Herb 2 ft. Purple Flowers
Calendula officinalis Calendula Annual 2-3 ft. Yellow/Orange
Allium schoenosrasm Chives Herb 1 ft. Purple Flowers
Coriandrum sativum Cilantro Herb 1 ft. White Flowers
Dianthus wee willie Dianthus Biennial 2 ft. Multi Pinks
Bellis perennis English Daisy Annual 1-2 ft. Multi
Viola cornuta Johnny Jump-Up Perennial up to 10-12 in. Yellow/Purple
Agastache foeniculum Lavender Hyssop Perennial 1-2 ft. Purple
Monarda citriodora Lemon Mint Annual 2-3 ft. Purple
Tropaeolum majus Nasturtium Annual 2-3 ft. Multi
Viola wittrockiana Pansy Perennial up to 10-12 in. Multi
\n\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE.\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 packet covers up to 50 sq ft\n1/2 oz. covers 50 - 100 sq ft\n1 oz. covers 100 - 250 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 3,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 15,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 30,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\n\n\nSHIPPING and HANDLING CHARGES:\n(For U.S. Only)\n\n

Standard Processing & Shipping (Processed within 72 Hours)

\nOrders of $39 or More! = FREE\n Just $5.95 for orders of $38.99 or Less!\n\n

Priority Processing & Shipping (Processed within 48 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $9.95\n\n

Expedited Processing & Shipping (Processed within 24 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $16.95\n\n

Express, Next Day Etc.

\nPlease Phone or E-mail Customer Service"",""tab-3-content"":""
Detailed Instructions
\n\nHow Much Seed Do I Need?\nIn planning a wildflower meadow or garden, first you need to choose your site and estimate the square footage of the area. To find the square footage of any square or rectangular area, simply multiply the length in feet times the width in feet. For example, a border 50 feet long and 10 feet wide is 500 sq. ft. in area (50 X 10 = 500). For a circle, the area is equal to “pi” r squared, or pi (3.1) times the radius of your circle, squared. If your circle is 20 feet across, its radius is half of that or 10 ft. So to get the square footage of the circle: 3.1 X 10 X 10 = 310 sq. ft. The amount of seed you should plant depends on the flower display you want. Most usually want dense or maximum bloom. All mixtures are pure wildflower seed, no fillers or grasses. The denser you sow your wildflower area with seed, the more you will hold out the weeds and grasses. Just be sure not to over seed, so your wildflowers do not compete with themselves for space!\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 oz. up 100 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 2,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 10,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 20,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX. DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE!\n\nNote: If you have a large site, from ½ acre to several acres, your planting rate may be affected by land conditions. If you have heavy weeds on the site now, some erosion, generally poor soil, or other land problems, additional seed is usually the most economical solution. If your site does have these types of problems and you want to build in some assurance of full coverage, use a per pound coverage rate of 1000 sq ft. We usually suggest 50 lbs. per acre.\n\nWhere to Plant: Unless you are planting our Partial Shade Mix or Woodland Species, choose a spot with as much sun as possible. We consider full sun at least 6 hours daily.  For wildflowers, full sun is best. Most all soils are acceptable -- if any plant has grown in the spot, it should support wildflowers, which are tough and will adapt to the soil you provide for them.\n\n When to Plant: The optimum time to plant wildflower seed in your area depends on your climate and rainfall patterns, as well as the species you are planting.  In cooler climates; plant annuals, perennials or mixtures of annuals and perennials in spring, early summer or late fall. In milder or warm climates; plant wildflower seed during the cooler months of the year, fall through spring.  Perennials can be sown spring, summer and fall. If planting perennials late summer be sure to allow 10 weeks growing time before plants go dormant for the winter months. Spring planting: when there is no further chance of a killing frost, meaning that your night time temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and above. Summer plantings: annuals or mixes containing annuals can be planted through mid-summer. Depending on your climate you want to insure that you have enough time to enjoy all the annuals in your growing season. Perennials can be planted through the summer up until 10 weeks before your cold weather sets in. Fall plantings: in areas with freezing weather, a fall planting must be after a killing frost when your daytime temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and below but before the ground freezes. In other words, when you are sure cold weather has set in. Killing frosts usually happen at 28 degrees Fahrenheit. Fall plantings in cooler climates are dormant plantings and should be late enough so that the ground temperature is low but the ground is not yet frozen. Seeds must remain dormant – the seeds will germinate in spring. In areas of no frost, plant as your rainy season begins.  It is never too late to plant – just ask us for details on how and what to plant! Click here to read more about Fall planting!\n\nSoil Preparation: This is the most important step in obtaining success of your wildflower planting, whether it is a small garden or a large meadow. Remove all existing growth, either by hand , roto-tilling, rough or power raking. Till only deep enough to remove all old roots. Deep tilling may bring up dormant weed seeds lying beneath which will compete with your flowers. If you want to be sure your soil is weed seed free, youll have to till, wait for the crop of new weeds to grow, usually one to three weeks and then do one of two things; kill them down with one of the safe, non-residual method of using white vinegar; or to till again as in step one. If you use the vinegar method, then once the weeds are dead, rake them out and seed your wildflowers without roto-tilling again. If using the roto-till method, you can seed after the second or third tilling. For those of you that wish to use an herbicide, please read the label for any detrimental effects it may cause. If you choose to use this, use the same steps as if using the vinegar.\n\n About Fertilizer: When you choose to plant wildflowers there is usually minimal weeding done…and fertilizer will encourage the weeds and grasses. Fertilizer is not necessary for a great wildflower garden or meadow. (No one fertilizes in the wild or along roadsides), but if you want this extra boost for your flowers, fertilize only where you are willing to weed.\n\nSowing: Once your soil is prepared and free of previous growth, it’s important to sow immediately. (If you let time go by between preparation and spreading your seed, you’re giving possible weeds an advantage over your wildflower seed). You can use a hand crank seed sower, but most simply scatter the seed by hand. If you want to be sure to get good, even coverage, divide your seed into two roughly equal parts, in two buckets or cans. Then add clean sandbox sand to both halves, roughly 4-5 parts of sand to 1 part of seed. The sand does two things: It “dilutes” the seed, making it easier to sow evenly, and since it’s light-colored, it shows you “where you’ve been” on the dark soil as you go. Next, sow one bucket’s mix over your whole area. Then go back in the opposite direction and do the same with the second bucket. This way, you should have even spreading and no bare spots. Once seed is sown, do not rake or cover it in any way. If you can, use a lawn roller or lay down a large board and walk on it to compress (squash down) the seed into the bare soil. Remember, some of the seed you’re sowing is tiny; even the lightest covering of soil can stop it from germinating. Keep your new seedbed moist until seedlings are about 6-8” tall. After that, they should be self- sufficient; however watering during droughts will keep your flowers blooming.\n\n Know your Annuals, Perennials, Biennials: If you are planting one of our regional mixes, your seed is approximately 50% wild annuals, which will bloom the first year, and 50% wild perennials, which won’t bloom until the second year. The annuals are quick-growing, quick-blooming and will bloom for months, and then die with a killing frost. Most do reseed, but the seed must fall on bare ground to re-grow the next spring. Perennials are the flowers that “come back every year” from the same roots, forming expanding clumps in your meadow over the years. Biennials bloom the second year, and are killed by that year’s frost. However, they are heavy re-seeders, and usually reappear in the meadow.\n\nMaintenance: The amount of work you want to put into your meadow area is up to you. The only requirement is a once-a-year mowing in the fall after killing frosts—to disperse seed and to keep down brushy growth. Another good practice is to identify areas that have become weak or weed-filled, and to reseed those spots, the same way you repair bare spots in a lawn. Once you are able to identify weeds, hand pulling is a viable method of control for the small to medium garden. Any weed that you can pull will constitute to the success of your garden for years. One weed can disperse thousands of seeds, so get ‘em out of there if you can. If you have a large planting and you notice an area of weeds, then the above method of re-tilling and re-seeding that area is your way to obtain maximum success.\n\n Be Patient and Enjoy! Be patient while your garden or meadow establishes but once it has you’ll notice small wildlife, many birds, butterflies and other insects that are attracted to your wild garden; observing these visitors is one of the greatest pleasures of growing wildflowers. Mow paths through your meadow, put in benches and bird-feeders, and enjoy it all for years to come.\n\n
Common Questions
\n

How do I kill the Grass in my wildflower area?

\nContact Us for Suggestions!\n\n

What can I plant for the honey bees, butterflies etc.?

\nAll wildflowers are beneficial but we recommend our Deluxe Mix which has everything for everybody or our Hummingbird/Butterfly or Nature’s Choice Mix!\n\n

Can I grow wildflowers in full shade?

\nThe technical answer is no, all wildflowers need some sort of light. There is one wildflower that will do well in complete shade, Forget-me-not and you can also use our Woodland or Hand Gathered and Rare species. Call or e-mail us for advice.\n\n

Is the Queen Anne’s Lace you sell invasive?

\nNO, absolutely not. We do not sell invasive species. The Queen Anne’s Lace we sell is the annual, (Ammi majus) and not the invasive, Daucus Caroata.\n\n

Can I use more than one mix in the same area?

\nYes, mix and match away! You can also mix mixes together or add additional species - the creativity is endless!\n\n

When Should I Plant?

\nIn Spring, Summer or Fall; see above for complete info!\n\n

How do I store my seeds?

\nStore seeds in a cool and dry place. If stored properly seeds are viable for years!\n\n

What’s better - A Fall or Spring seeding?

\nSome only believe in a Spring seeding while others only believe in a Fall Seeding. At the Farm, we seed Spring, Summer and Fall in order to take advantage of the entire growing season!\n\n

Can I order now and have you ship later?

\nYes, we ship when you want to - just let us know when -  we’re at your service!\n\n

Should I add anything to my soil?

\nTechnically, no - but some may need to add lime, fertilizer, gypsum or other additives. (Contact us for details)\n\n

How often should I water?

\nOnce germination happens, keep moist until seedlings are 6-8” tall - you may need to water every other day unless Mother Nature is providing the rain.\n\n

Can I transplant my wildflowers?

\nMost wildflowers do not like transplanting - so plant your seeds where you want to see them grow!
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indiangrass,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""individual-grass-species"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""Grasses are used for conservation, erosion control, creating natural areas and for wildlife habitats. Planting native grasses has become increasingly popular over the last few years as they have low environmental impact. You can also use some grasses like rye as a green manure over the winter months to repair or rectify your soil. Farmers have done this for years.\n\nPreparation:\nPrepare the area where you would like to plant native grass seed as you would for a wildflower seed mix. Remove all existing growth, either by hand, roto-tilling, rough or power raking. Till only deep enough to remove all old roots. Deep tilling may bring up dormant weed seeds lying beneath which will compete with your flowers. If you want to be sure your soil is weed seed free, youll have to till, wait for the crop of new weeds to grow, usually one to three weeks and till again as in step one before reseeding to have the best shot at eradicating them. If using the roto-till method, you can seed after the second or third tilling.\n\nSowing:\nOnce your soil is prepared and free of previous growth, its important to sow immediately. (If you let time go by between preparation and spreading your seed, youre giving possible weeds an advantage over the new seed you wish to sow. You can use a hand crank seed sower, but most simply scatter the seed by hand. Put your grass seed into two buckets; add in any wildflower seed and some sand. Usually 4 parts sand to 1 part seed. The sand does two things: It dilutes the seed, making it easier to sow evenly, and since its light-colored, it shows you where youve been on the dark soil as you go. Next, sow one buckets mix over your whole area. Then go back in the opposite direction and do the same with the second bucket. This way, you should have even spreading and no bare spots. Once seed is sown, be sure you have a good seed to soil contact. If you can, use a lawn roller or lay down a large board and walk on it to compress (squash down) the seed into the bare soil. If strictly sowing a grass mixture or an individual grass species, you can lightly rake in or cover your grass seed lightly.\n\nWatering: Keep your new area watered for the first month or two and then it should be self-sufficient unless you are having a drought.\n\n

What in the World is Green Manure or Cover Crops and Why Should I Care?

\nGreen manure crops may include legumes such as cowpeas, soybeans, annual sweet clover, vetch, etc. as well as non-leguminous crops such as sudangrass, millet, sorghum, and buckwheat. Legumes are often used as green manure crops for their nitrogen fixing abilities, while non-leguminous crops are used primarily for weed suppression and addition of biomass to the soil. Green manures usually perform multiple functions that include soil improvement and soil protection: Incorporation of cover crops into the soil is immediately followed by an increase in abundance of soil microorganisms that aid in the decomposition of this fresh material. The degradation of plant material allows the nutrients held within the green manure to be released and made available to the succeeding crop. This additional decomposition also allows for the re-incorporation of nutrients that are found in the soil in a particular form such as nitrogen, potassium , phosphorus , calcium , magnesium , and sulfur. Microbial activity in the soil also leads to the formation of mycelium and viscous materials which benefit the health of the soil by increasing its soil structure (i.e. by aggregation). Soil that is well- aggregated has increased aeration and water infiltration rates, and is more easily turned or tilled than non- aggregated soil. Further aeration of the soil results from the ability of the root systems of many green manure crops to efficiently penetrate compact soils. The amount of humus found in the soil also increases with higher rates of decomposition, which is beneficial for the growth of the crop succeeding the green manure crop. Green manure crops are also useful for weed control, erosion prevention, and reduction of insect pests and diseases. The deep rooting properties of many green manure crops make them efficient at suppressing weed. Green manure crops often provide habitat for many native pollinators as well as predatory beneficial insects, which allow for a reduction in the input of insecticides where cover crops are planted. Some green manures are also successful at suppressing plant diseases. Incorporation of green manures into a farming system can drastically reduce, if not eliminate, the need for additional products such as supplemental fertilizers and pesticides. Organic farming also relies on soil health and cycling of nutrients through the soil using natural processes. Green manures perform the vital function of fertilization, in concert with the addition of animal manures if those are used. Green manure also brings other organic advantages with it depending upon the plant type used. Buckwheat, for example, prevents the spread of weeds, and Winter wheat and Winter rye can also be used for grazing.\n\n\n

Planting a Cover Crop or Green Manure Crop?

\n\nWhen Do I Plant?\nPlant in Spring - Fall\n\nHow Do I Plant?\nSame as the instructions above.\n\nWhat is the Next Step?\nSome of your cover crops may slow their growth in cold temps but will re-start again in early spring. In mid-late spring, mow down your cover crops before they go to seed and then rototill them into the soil in preparation for new garden areas. You will need to wait about 3-5 weeks after tilling before you plant anything new in this area. As most cover crops or green manures add beneficial nutrients to the soil, this allows the nutrients added to be released into the soil and some of them like rye which keep down other seeds (like weeds) from germinating will no longer be present in the soil after a few weeks. After you wait this time amount, go ahead and plant your new areas according to the proper instructions for what you are planting.\n\n\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/indiangrass-1.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/indiangrass-seeds-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/indiangrass-seeds-3.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/indiangrass-1.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/indiangrass-seeds-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/indiangrass-seeds-3.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""annual-ryegrass"",""autumn-bentgrass"",""big-bluestem""]}]}" 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wildflower-mixes-individual-species,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""wildflower-mixes"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{},""relations"":[]}" 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again"",""zinnia-sombrero"",""zinnia-red"",""zinnia-pink"",""zinnia-orange"",""zinnia-purple"",""zinnia-yellow"",""zinnia-white""]}]}" iris-katharine-hodgkin,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""bearded-iris"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/iris-katharine-hodgkin-25.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""274""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/iris-katharine-hodgkin-26.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/iris-katharine-hodgkin-27.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/iris-katharine-hodgkin-25.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""274""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/iris-katharine-hodgkin-26.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/iris-katharine-hodgkin-27.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""dark-blue-iris-mix"",""dwarf-iris-mix"",""dutch-iris-sapphire-beauty""]}]}" iris,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""spring-planted-perennials"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/irises-66.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""400""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/irises-67.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/irises-68.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/irises-66.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""400""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/irises-67.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/irises-68.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""contents"",""ids"":[""perennial-iris-sensation"",""perennial-iris-golden-zebra"",""perennial-iria-caesars-brother"",""iris-butter-and-sugar"",""iris-concord-crush"",""perennial-iris-miss-apple"",""bearded-iris-beverly-sills"",""bearded-iris-matinata"",""bearded-iris-best-bet""]}]}" 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wd77,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""photogallery"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/it-s-getting-later-in-the-season-7.gif"",""height"":""453"",""width"":""604""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/it-s-getting-later-in-the-season-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/it-s-getting-later-in-the-season-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/it-s-getting-later-in-the-season-7.gif"",""height"":""453"",""width"":""604""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/it-s-getting-later-in-the-season-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/it-s-getting-later-in-the-season-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" jack-in-the-pulpit-seed,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""native-species"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Woodland and Rare Wildflowers\nAbout: Many seeds of woodland and rare wildflowers have built-in dormancy mechanisms which protect them from germinating before killing frosts or in times of drought. In the wild, seeds will lie dormant until they acclimate to their new environment or until the proper conditions for growth occur. To be successful with these types of species and growing them from seed you must realize that each species has a different method of naturally breaking dormancy. Woodland and Rare wildflowers are not instant garden flowers and many take a great amount of patience before they germinate and bloom. Once they do, they are well worth the wait.\nDifferent Ways Woodland and Rare Species Break Dormancy: Each species is different. Some are relatively quick and act like traditional perennials while others can take a few years. Below, we have outlined different ways these species break dormancy to help you better understand why some take longer than others. It will also help you to better understand why they dont germinate the first or second year so dont give up on them!\n1. Some species germinate upon sowing in a warm location like any other perennial. They grow and leaf the first year to begin blooming the second and successive years.\n2. Some species need a cold, moist stratification followed by an extended cold period ie. Fall/Winter.\n3. Very small seeds need light to break dormancy so they should be planted no deeper than 1/8th of an inch and just a light layer of soil cover. They shouldnt be allowed to dry out. You can tell the size of your seeds by just looking at them.\n4. Some species will need a warm, moist period followed by a cold, moist period and will need 2-4 full years of these alternating conditions to break dormancy.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-seeds-30.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-seeds-43.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-seeds-34.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-seeds-17.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-seeds-44.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-seeds-45.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-seeds-30.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-seeds-43.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-seeds-34.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-seeds-17.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-seeds-44.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-seeds-45.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-seeds-46.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-seeds-47.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-seeds-48.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""cardinal-flower"",""great-white-trillium-seed"",""common-lavender""]}]}" 9,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""photogallery"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-33.gif"",""height"":""187"",""width"":""250""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-37.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-38.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-33.gif"",""height"":""187"",""width"":""250""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-37.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-38.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" perennial-jack-in-the-pulpit,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""woodland-shade-perennials"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n20-24 inches\n\nSpread:\nn/a\n\nFlower Color:\nn/a\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n4,5,6,7,8\n\nSun or Shade?:\nPart shade (4-6 hrs. direct sun)\nFull shade (< 4 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nAverage water needs\nConsistent water needs\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\nRabbit resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nSpring\n\nHow's your soil?:\nAverage Soil\nFertile Soil"",""tab-3-content"":""

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Plant as soon as you can. (Do not over water your perennials.) Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-3.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-39.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-40.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-3.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-39.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-40.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""perennial-actaea-hillside-black-beauty"",""perennial-actaea-pink-spike"",""perennial-aquilegia-mckana-mix""]}]}" woodland-photo3,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-31.gif"",""height"":""320"",""width"":""320""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-43.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-15.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-31.gif"",""height"":""320"",""width"":""320""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-43.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-15.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" 10,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""photogallery"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-30.gif"",""height"":""187"",""width"":""250""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-41.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-42.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-30.gif"",""height"":""187"",""width"":""250""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-41.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jack-in-the-pulpit-42.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" farm10,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""photogallery"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-7.gif"",""height"":""187"",""width"":""250""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-7.gif"",""height"":""187"",""width"":""250""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" jacobs-ladder-seed,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""woodland---rare-species-seed"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Woodland and Rare Wildflowers\nAbout: Many seeds of woodland and rare wildflowers have built-in dormancy mechanisms which protect them from germinating before killing frosts or in times of drought. In the wild, seeds will lie dormant until they acclimate to their new environment or until the proper conditions for growth occur. To be successful with these types of species and growing them from seed you must realize that each species has a different method of naturally breaking dormancy. Woodland and Rare wildflowers are not instant garden flowers and many take a great amount of patience before they germinate and bloom. Once they do, they are well worth the wait.\nDifferent Ways Woodland and Rare Species Break Dormancy: Each species is different. Some are relatively quick and act like traditional perennials while others can take a few years. Below, we have outlined different ways these species break dormancy to help you better understand why some take longer than others. It will also help you to better understand why they dont germinate the first or second year so dont give up on them!\n1. Some species germinate upon sowing in a warm location like any other perennial. They grow and leaf the first year to begin blooming the second and successive years.\n2. Some species need a cold, moist stratification followed by an extended cold period ie. Fall/Winter.\n3. Very small seeds need light to break dormancy so they should be planted no deeper than 1/8th of an inch and just a light layer of soil cover. They shouldnt be allowed to dry out. You can tell the size of your seeds by just looking at them.\n4. Some species will need a warm, moist period followed by a cold, moist period and will need 2-4 full years of these alternating conditions to break dormancy.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-3.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-5.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-19.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-20.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-3.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-5.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-19.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-20.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-21.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-22.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-23.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset3"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-24.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset3-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-25.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset3-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/jacob-s-ladder-seeds-26.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""cardinal-flower"",""great-white-trillium-seed"",""common-lavender""]}]}" january-article,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""tips-and-tidbits"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/january-is-the-quietest-month-in-the-garden-54.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/january-is-the-quietest-month-in-the-garden-57.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/january-is-the-quietest-month-in-the-garden-49.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/january-is-the-quietest-month-in-the-garden-55.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/january-is-the-quietest-month-in-the-garden-58.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/january-is-the-quietest-month-in-the-garden-59.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/january-is-the-quietest-month-in-the-garden-54.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/january-is-the-quietest-month-in-the-garden-57.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/january-is-the-quietest-month-in-the-garden-49.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/january-is-the-quietest-month-in-the-garden-55.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/january-is-the-quietest-month-in-the-garden-58.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/january-is-the-quietest-month-in-the-garden-59.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/january-is-the-quietest-month-in-the-garden-60.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/january-is-the-quietest-month-in-the-garden-61.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/january-is-the-quietest-month-in-the-garden-62.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" perennial-iris-lion-king,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""fall-planted-perennials"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n36-48 Inches\n\nSpread:\n24-36 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nPurple, White shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n4,5,6,7,8,9\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull sun (> 6 hrs. direct sun)\nPart shade (4-6 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nConsistent water needs\nAverage water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts hummingbirds\nBee Friendly\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\nRabbit resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nRapid\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nEarly - Mid Summer\n\nHow's your soil?:\nAverage Soil\n\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder Plant\nCut Flower\nMass Planting\nSpecimen\nFocal Point\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nAbove all else, no other factor is a greater influence on Japanese Irises than water. A lack of moisture will stunt the plants and flowers, while a consistent supply of water will result in large, healthy plants with large flowers. They are lovely planted beside ponds or near streams where the water table is high, but not covering the roots. Mulch the plants heavily to ensure that the soil never dries out.\nJapanese Irises should be planted in heavy, acidic, rich soil that has been amended with compost or manure. For new plantings, do not add granular fertilizer around your newly planted irises. Instead, add the fertilizer to the soil a month or two before planting the Japanese Irises. Once established, fertilize them in early spring and again right after they are finished blooming.\nMost Japanese Irises require division every 3-4 years. When dividing mature clumps in spring or fall, it is best to dig up the entire clump and replant the divisions somewhere else in the garden where Japanese Irises have not been grown before. The rhizomes should be planted 2-3 inches deep. New roots form above the old roots each year, so by the time you can see the roots growing at the soil surface, it's time to divide them again.\n\nPhoto Courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.\n"",""tab-3-content"":""

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Plant as soon as you can. (Do not over water your perennials.) Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-iris-lion-king-24.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-lion-king-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-lion-king-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-iris-lion-king-25.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-lion-king-3.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-lion-king-4.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-iris-lion-king-24.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-lion-king-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-lion-king-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-iris-lion-king-25.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-lion-king-3.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-lion-king-4.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-iris-lion-king-26.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-lion-king-5.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-lion-king-6.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""allium-serendipity"",""perennial-allium-blue-eddy"",""perennial-iris-black-gamecock""]}]}" japanese-beetle-trap,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""garden-tool-accessories"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-beetle-bagger-trap-kit-3.gif"",""height"":""375"",""width"":""450""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-beetle-bagger-trap-kit-12.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-beetle-bagger-trap-kit-13.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-beetle-bagger-trap-kit-3.gif"",""height"":""375"",""width"":""450""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-beetle-bagger-trap-kit-12.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-beetle-bagger-trap-kit-13.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""transplanter"",""trowel"",""fan-rake""]}]}" iris-crystal-halo,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n3 Feet\n\nSpread:\n24-28 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nPurple shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n4,5,6,7,8,9\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull sun (> 6 hrs. direct sun)\nPart shade (4-6 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nConsistent water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\nRabbit resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\nRapid\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nSummer\n\nHow's your soil?:\nAverage Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder plants\nCut flower or foliage\nMass Planting\nSpecimen or focal point\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nAbove all else, no other factor is a greater influence on Japanese Irises than water. A lack of moisture will stunt the plants and flowers, while a consistent supply of water will result in large, healthy plants with large flowers. They are lovely planted beside ponds or near streams where the water table is high, but not covering the roots. Mulch the plants heavily to ensure that the soil never dries out. Japanese Irises should be planted in heavy, acidic, rich soil that has been amended with compost or manure. For new plantings, do not add granular fertilizer around your newly planted irises. Instead, add the fertilizer to the soil a month or two before planting the Japanese Irises. Once established, fertilize them in early spring and again right after they are finished blooming. Most Japanese Irises require division every 3-4 years. When dividing mature clumps in spring or fall, it is best to dig up the entire clump and replant the divisions somewhere else in the garden where Japanese Irises have not been grown before. The rhizomes should be planted 2-3 inches deep. New roots form above the old roots each year, so by the time you can see the roots growing at the soil surface, it's time to divide them again.\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-crystal-halo-22.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-crystal-halo-36.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-crystal-halo-37.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-crystal-halo-22.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-crystal-halo-36.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-crystal-halo-37.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" iris-greywoods-catrina,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n3-4 Feet\n\nSpread:\n24-28 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nWhite/Purple shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n4,5,6,7,8,9\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull sun (> 6 hrs. direct sun)\nPart shade (4-6 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nConsistent water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\nRabbit resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\nRapid\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nSummer\n\nHow's your soil?:\nAverage Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder plants\nCut flower or foliage\nMass Planting\nSpecimen or focal point\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nAbove all else, no other factor is a greater influence on Japanese Irises than water. A lack of moisture will stunt the plants and flowers, while a consistent supply of water will result in large, healthy plants with large flowers. They are lovely planted beside ponds or near streams where the water table is high, but not covering the roots. Mulch the plants heavily to ensure that the soil never dries out. Japanese Irises should be planted in heavy, acidic, rich soil that has been amended with compost or manure. For new plantings, do not add granular fertilizer around your newly planted irises. Instead, add the fertilizer to the soil a month or two before planting the Japanese Irises. Once established, fertilize them in early spring and again right after they are finished blooming. Most Japanese Irises require division every 3-4 years. When dividing mature clumps in spring or fall, it is best to dig up the entire clump and replant the divisions somewhere else in the garden where Japanese Irises have not been grown before. The rhizomes should be planted 2-3 inches deep. New roots form above the old roots each year, so by the time you can see the roots growing at the soil surface, it's time to divide them again.\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-greywoods-catrina-8.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-greywoods-catrina-22.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-greywoods-catrina-23.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-greywoods-catrina-8.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-greywoods-catrina-22.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-greywoods-catrina-23.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" perennial-iris-sensation,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""iris"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n3 Feet\n\nSpread:\n24-28 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nPurple shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n4,5,6,7,8,9\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull sun (> 6 hrs. direct sun)\nPart shade (4-6 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nConsistent water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\nRabbit resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\nRapid\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nSummer\n\nHow's your soil?:\nAverage Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder plants\nCut flower or foliage\nMass Planting\nSpecimen or focal point\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nAbove all else, no other factor is a greater influence on Japanese Irises than water. A lack of moisture will stunt the plants and flowers, while a consistent supply of water will result in large, healthy plants with large flowers. They are lovely planted beside ponds or near streams where the water table is high, but not covering the roots. Mulch the plants heavily to ensure that the soil never dries out. Japanese Irises should be planted in heavy, acidic, rich soil that has been amended with compost or manure. For new plantings, do not add granular fertilizer around your newly planted irises. Instead, add the fertilizer to the soil a month or two before planting the Japanese Irises. Once established, fertilize them in early spring and again right after they are finished blooming. Most Japanese Irises require division every 3-4 years. When dividing mature clumps in spring or fall, it is best to dig up the entire clump and replant the divisions somewhere else in the garden where Japanese Irises have not been grown before. The rhizomes should be planted 2-3 inches deep. New roots form above the old roots each year, so by the time you can see the roots growing at the soil surface, it's time to divide them again.\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-sensation-40.gif"",""height"":""485"",""width"":""200""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-sensation-41.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-sensation-42.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-sensation-40.gif"",""height"":""485"",""width"":""200""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-sensation-41.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/japanese-iris-sensation-42.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""perennial-iris-golden-zebra"",""perennial-iria-caesars-brother"",""iris-butter-and-sugar""]}]}" 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In the wild, seeds will lie dormant until they acclimate to their new environment or until the proper conditions for growth occur. To be successful with these types of species and growing them from seed you must realize that each species has a different method of naturally breaking dormancy. Woodland and Rare wildflowers are not instant garden flowers and many take a great amount of patience before they germinate and bloom. Once they do, they are well worth the wait.\nDifferent Ways Woodland and Rare Species Break Dormancy: Each species is different. Some are relatively quick and act like traditional perennials while others can take a few years. Below, we have outlined different ways these species break dormancy to help you better understand why some take longer than others. It will also help you to better understand why they dont germinate the first or second year so dont give up on them!\n1. Some species germinate upon sowing in a warm location like any other perennial. They grow and leaf the first year to begin blooming the second and successive years.\n2. Some species need a cold, moist stratification followed by an extended cold period ie. Fall/Winter.\n3. Very small seeds need light to break dormancy so they should be planted no deeper than 1/8th of an inch and just a light layer of soil cover. They shouldnt be allowed to dry out. You can tell the size of your seeds by just looking at them.\n4. Some species will need a warm, moist period followed by a cold, moist period and will need 2-4 full years of these alternating conditions to break 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custompacket7,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/kirkland-arts-center-7.gif"",""height"":""881"",""width"":""1106""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kirkland-arts-center-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/kirkland-arts-center-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/kirkland-arts-center-7.gif"",""height"":""881"",""width"":""1106""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kirkland-arts-center-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/kirkland-arts-center-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" weed30,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""weed-identification"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/knapweed-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/knapweed-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/knapweed-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/knapweed-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/knapweed-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/knapweed-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" perennial-kniphofia,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n36-40 Inches\n\nSpread:\n20-28 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nGold/Orange/Cream shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n5,6,7,8,9\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull Sun (4-6 hrs. direct sun)\nPartial Shade (> 4 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nAverage water needs\nLow water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\nAttracts hummingbirds\nBee Friendly\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer Resistant\nRabbit Resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nSummer\n\nHow's your soil?:\nAverage Soil\nFertile Soil\nPoor Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder Plant\nCut Flower\nDrought Tolerant\nSalt Tolerant\nSpecimen\nFocal Point\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nKniphofia is a sun lover that likes it hot and dry, though a good supply of water is appreciated when blooming. It can be grown in any well-drained soil. Kniphofia is evergreen in mild regions and herbaceous in cooler zones. In both areas, it will benefit by having its leaf tips trimmed in the spring to stimulate healthy, new growth. In zones 4-6, the foliage can be tied up over the crown of the plant in the fall to exclude water from settling there and freezing, which would be deadly."",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-high-roller-red-hot-poker-17.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-high-roller-torch-lily-10.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-high-roller-torch-lily-11.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-high-roller-red-hot-poker-18.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-high-roller-torch-lily-12.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-high-roller-torch-lily-13.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-high-roller-red-hot-poker-17.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-high-roller-torch-lily-10.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-high-roller-torch-lily-11.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-high-roller-red-hot-poker-18.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-high-roller-torch-lily-12.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-high-roller-torch-lily-13.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" perennial-kniphofia-poker-face,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n34-48 Inches\n\nSpread:\n18-24 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nGold/Orange shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n5,6,7,8,9\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull Sun (4-6 hrs. direct sun)\nPartial Shade (> 4 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nAverage water needs\nLow water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\nAttracts hummingbirds\nBee Friendly\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer Resistant\nRabbit Resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nSummer\n\nHow's your soil?:\nAverage Soil\nFertile Soil\nPoor Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder Plant\nCut Flower\nDrought Tolerant\nSalt Tolerant\nSpecimen\nFocal Point\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nKniphofia is a sun lover that likes it hot and dry, though a good supply of water is appreciated when blooming. It can be grown in any well-drained soil. Kniphofia is evergreen in mild regions and herbaceous in cooler zones. In both areas, it will benefit by having its leaf tips trimmed in the spring to stimulate healthy, new growth. In zones 4-6, the foliage can be tied up over the crown of the plant in the fall to exclude water from settling there and freezing, which would be deadly."",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-poker-face-red-hot-poker-10.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-poker-face-torch-lily-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-poker-face-torch-lily-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-poker-face-red-hot-poker-10.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-poker-face-torch-lily-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kniphofia-poker-face-torch-lily-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" 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weed36,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""weed-identification"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/kudzu-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kudzu-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kudzu-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/kudzu-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kudzu-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/kudzu-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" 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perennial-lady-fern,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""woodland-shade-perennials"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n24-30 Inches\n\nSpread:\nna\n\nFlower Color:\nna\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n5,6,7,8,9,10\n\nSun or Shade?:\nPart shade\nFull shade\n\nWet or dry?:\nAverage water needs\nConsistent water needs\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nAll Season Foliage\n\nHow's your soil?:\nAverage Soil\nFertile Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder Plant\nContainer\nCut Foliage\nGround Cove\nAttractive Foliage\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nAthyrium grows best in moist soil with a neutral to moderately acidic pH. Partial to full shade is best; some sunlight is necessary to draw out the coloring. To protect the crowns and tender shoots in the spring, it is best to leave the old fronds on the plant over the winter. They can be removed in the spring when the new fronds reach 6 inches tall. If division is necessary, do so in the spring.\nPhoto Courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.\n\n\n\n\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-fern-42.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-fern-lady-in-red-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-fern-lady-in-red-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-fern-43.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-fern-lady-in-red-3.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-fern-lady-in-red-4.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-fern-42.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-fern-lady-in-red-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-fern-lady-in-red-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-fern-43.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-fern-lady-in-red-3.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-fern-lady-in-red-4.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""perennial-actaea-hillside-black-beauty"",""perennial-actaea-pink-spike"",""perennial-aquilegia-mckana-mix""]}]}" ladyslipper-trillium-combo-deal,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""USDA Growing Zones\nRecommended optimal USDA zones are 3 to 6. Plants may be grown in zone 2 with extra winter mulching protection and zone 7 if the ground is kept cool and moist with adequate shading.\n\nSoil/Media/Growing Requirements\nRequires a neutral pH soil/media. Adding some lime is beneficial. A layer of mulch is well received as well by the plants; you can use bark or pine needles with a dusting of lime. They require 2 to 3 hours direct early morning or late afternoon sun and be in dappled shade/sun the remainder of the day. Roots must always be moist and never allowed to dry out, especially during the first year as plants are getting established. These plants are found in nature in open well drained but moist areas, along roadsides and in open fields, and in cultivation do well in open gardens with well-drained soil. Some protection from direct sun is beneficial in the warmer climates.\n\nNOTE ABOUT SOIL: If your soil is a heavy clay you will need to loosen it by adding sharp sand and humus (rotten bark, leaf mold, or aged compost). If your soil is a dry open sandy type, then you will need to add some loam and humus. Successful lady slipper gardeners use a mix of one-half coarse sand and one-half bark to grow their ladies!\n\nNursery Propagated from Seed or rescued from logging sites and construction areas. These plants are at blooming stage ie. older plants. Lady Slippers need care and while we will deliver a live, healthy plant guaranteed it will be up to you to provide the proper area, conditions and care!\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bareroot perennials will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on their individual product pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order business for advance sale items. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all of our perennial bareroot products under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""tab-3-content"":""Planting and Growing Tips\nLady Slipper Orchids\nCypripediums\nPlease take the time and care necessary to plant your lady slipper orchids. When properly planted and cared for, the plants will not only grow well but thrive. Your Lady Slippers are arriving as a bareroot plant which is going into dormancy for the season. Please plant immediately upon arrival as they need to get acclimated for next season. They have already formed their new root balls. Please follow instructions for optimal success.\nPlanting: Do not expose roots to direct sunlight or drying winds; doing so can be fatal to your plants.\nLady Slippers should be planted with their buds/root balls just below the surface (1/2 inch) and a layer of mulch 1 to 2 inches deep should be put over the top. They should be planted with their roots spread out in the top four inches of the soil. Their roots tend to grow horizontally and only go deeper in dry conditions.\nLight: Morning or evening sun is okay, but plants should be shaded midday. High, open shade or the shade of the north side of a building will work very well.\nSoil: The soil should be evenly moist but well-drained with lime added. Depending on the soil you are starting with, you may want to augment it. If your soil is heavy clay you will want to loosen it up by adding river sand or humus, compost. If, on the other hand, your soil is a dry, open, sandy type, you would want to add loam or humus. At the farm, we grow our lady slippers in a mix of one-half course and one half loamy, compost type soil with about cup of lime mixed in.\nMulch: A layer of mulch is very important. You can use bark, or bark with pine needles on top. It will keep the soil cool and evenly moist. The soil should not be allowed to dry out completely, especially during the first year, as plants are getting established. Once the ground has started to freeze, we recommend adding a layer of straw or pine boughs to provide additional winter protection.\nFertilizer: When planted in a good, rich soil, fertilizer is not necessary. If you want to fertilize apply only a 1/4 strength liquid fertilizer every 7-10 days from Spring through mid-August. A yearly dusting of lime is always helpful.\nWatering: Please resist the urge to over-water! These plants like an evenly moist soil and should be watered only through dry periods, such as late summer or lightly misted. Like most other perennials, they should never be allowed to completely dry out.\nThank You for Your Order and Enjoy Your Lady Slippers! Please Be Patient!\n\n\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ladyslipper-trillium-combo-deal-31.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-slipper-trillium-combo-deal-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-slipper-trillium-combo-deal-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ladyslipper-trillium-combo-deal-32.gif"",""height"":""480"",""width"":""319""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-slipper-trillium-combo-deal-3.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-slipper-trillium-combo-deal-4.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ladyslipper-trillium-combo-deal-31.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-slipper-trillium-combo-deal-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-slipper-trillium-combo-deal-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ladyslipper-trillium-combo-deal-32.gif"",""height"":""480"",""width"":""319""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-slipper-trillium-combo-deal-3.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-slipper-trillium-combo-deal-4.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ladyslipper-trillium-combo-deal-33.gif"",""height"":""418"",""width"":""480""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-slipper-trillium-combo-deal-5.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-slipper-trillium-combo-deal-6.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset3"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ladyslipper-trillium-combo-deal-34.gif"",""height"":""410"",""width"":""307""},""inset3-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-slipper-trillium-combo-deal-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset3-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lady-slipper-trillium-combo-deal-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" 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perennial-lavender-blue-cushion,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""perennials-lavandula"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n16 Inches\n\nSpread:\n16 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nBlue shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n5,6,7,8,9\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull sun (> 6 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nLow water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\nBee Friendly\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\nRabbit resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nSummer\n\nHow's your soil?:\nPoor Soil\nAverage Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nPatio Container\nCottage\nEclectic\nFormal\nPrairie\nRock Garden\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nLavender must be grown in full sun to be able to produce flowers, so do not hesitate to plant them in those hot, dry areas where nothing else seems to grow. They will actually grow better in poor, gravelly soil than in rich humus; don't be tempted to enrich the soil when you plant it. Sharp drainage, especially in winter, is essential for preventing crown rot. Other than that, Lavender is known to have few problems with pests and diseases. Shearing back the evergreen foliage in early spring will rejuvenate plants and stimulate new growth.\n\nPhoto Courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-blue-cushion-19.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-blue-cushion-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-blue-cushion-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-blue-cushion-20.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-blue-cushion-3.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-blue-cushion-4.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-blue-cushion-19.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-blue-cushion-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-blue-cushion-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-blue-cushion-20.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-blue-cushion-3.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-blue-cushion-4.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""perennial-lavender-deep-purple"",""perennial-lavender-phenomenal"",""perennial-lavender-sweet-romance""]}]}" perennial-lavender-deep-purple,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""perennials-lavandula"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n16-18 Inches\n\nSpread:\n20-24 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nBlue/Purple shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n5,6,7,8,9\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull sun (> 6 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nLow water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\nBee Friendly\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\nRabbit resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nSummer\n\nHow's your soil?:\nPoor Soil\nAverage Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nPatio Container\nCottage\nEclectic\nFormal\nPrairie\nRock Garden\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nLavender must be grown in full sun to be able to produce flowers, so do not hesitate to plant them in those hot, dry areas where nothing else seems to grow. They will actually grow better in poor, gravelly soil than in rich humus; don't be tempted to enrich the soil when you plant it. Sharp drainage, especially in winter, is essential for preventing crown rot. Other than that, Lavender is known to have few problems with pests and diseases. Shearing back the evergreen foliage in early spring will rejuvenate plants and stimulate new growth.\n\nPhoto Courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-deep-purple-42.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-deep-purple-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-deep-purple-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-deep-purple-43.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-deep-purple-3.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-deep-purple-4.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-deep-purple-42.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-deep-purple-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-deep-purple-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-deep-purple-43.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-deep-purple-3.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-deep-purple-4.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-deep-purple-44.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-deep-purple-5.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-deep-purple-6.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""perennial-lavender-blue-cushion"",""perennial-lavender-phenomenal"",""perennial-lavender-sweet-romance""]}]}" perennial-lavender-munstead,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n12-16Inches\n\nSpread:\n12-16 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nPurple shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nSilver/grey shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n5,6,7,8,9\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull sun (> 6 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nLow water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\nRabbit resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nMidsummer\nLate summer\nEarly fall\n\nHow's your soil?:\nPoor Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder plants\nContainer\nCut flower or foliage\nDried flower or seed heads\nDrought Tolerant\nEdging\nEvergreen\nFragrant flowers or foliage\nMass Planting\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nLavender must be grown in full sun to be able to produce flowers, so do not hesitate to plant them in those hot, dry areas where nothing else seems to grow. They will actually grow better in poor, gravelly soil than in rich humus; don't be tempted to enrich the soil when you plant it. Sharp drainage, especially in winter, is essential for preventing crown rot. Other than that, Lavender is known to have few problems with pests and diseases. Shearing back the evergreen foliage in early spring will rejuvenate plants and stimulate new growth."",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-munstead-10.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-munstead-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-munstead-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-munstead-10.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-munstead-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-munstead-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" perennial-lavandula-phenomenal,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""perennials-a-z"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n22-24 Inches\n\nSpread:\n14-18 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nPurple-blue shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nSilver/grey shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n5,6,7,8,9\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull sun (> 6 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nLow water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\nRabbit resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nMidsummer\nLate summer\nEarly fall\n\nHow's your soil?:\nPoor Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder plants\nContainer\nCut flower or foliage\nDried flower or seed heads\nDrought Tolerant\nEdging\nEvergreen\nFragrant flowers or foliage\nMass Planting\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nLavender must be grown in full sun to be able to produce flowers, so do not hesitate to plant them in those hot, dry areas where nothing else seems to grow. They will actually grow better in poor, gravelly soil than in rich humus; don't be tempted to enrich the soil when you plant it. Sharp drainage, especially in winter, is essential for preventing crown rot. Other than that, Lavender is known to have few problems with pests and diseases. Shearing back the evergreen foliage in early spring will rejuvenate plants and stimulate new growth."",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lavandula-phenomenal-13.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-phenomenal-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-phenomenal-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lavandula-phenomenal-13.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-phenomenal-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-phenomenal-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" perennial-lavender-phenomenal,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""perennials-lavandula"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n24-40 Inches\n\nSpread:\n40-48 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nPurple shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n5,6,7,8,9\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull sun (> 6 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nLow water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\nBee Friendly\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\nRabbit resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nSummer\n\nHow's your soil?:\nPoor Soil\nAverage Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder Plant\nCut Flower\nCut Foliage\nDried Flower\nDrought Tolerant\nFragrant Flowers\nFragrant Foliage\nMass Planting\nSpecimen\nFocal Point\n\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nLavender must be grown in full sun to be able to produce flowers, so do not hesitate to plant them in those hot, dry areas where nothing else seems to grow. They will actually grow better in poor, gravelly soil than in rich humus; don't be tempted to enrich the soil when you plant it. Sharp dra\nRock Gardeninage, especially in winter, is essential for preventing crown rot. Other than that, Lavender is known to have few problems with pests and diseases. Shearing back the evergreen foliage in early spring will rejuvenate plants and stimulate new growth.\n\nPhoto Courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-phenomenal-12.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-phenomendal-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-phenomendal-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-phenomenal-12.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-phenomendal-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-phenomendal-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""perennial-lavender-blue-cushion"",""perennial-lavender-deep-purple"",""perennial-lavender-sweet-romance""]}]}" perennial-lavender-sweet-romance,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""perennials-lavandula"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n12-18 Inches\n\nSpread:\n12-18 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nPurple/Blue shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n5,6,7,8,9\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull sun (> 6 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nLow water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\nBee Friendly\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\nRabbit resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nSummer\n\nHow's your soil?:\nPoor Soil\nAverage Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nPatio Container\nCottage\nEclectic\nFormal\nPrairie\nRock Garden\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nLavender must be grown in full sun to be able to produce flowers, so do not hesitate to plant them in those hot, dry areas where nothing else seems to grow. They will actually grow better in poor, gravelly soil than in rich humus; don't be tempted to enrich the soil when you plant it. Sharp drainage, especially in winter, is essential for preventing crown rot. Other than that, Lavender is known to have few problems with pests and diseases. Shearing back the evergreen foliage in early spring will rejuvenate plants and stimulate new growth.\n\nPhoto Courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-sweet-romance-31.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-sweet-romance-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-sweet-romance-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-sweet-romance-32.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-sweet-romance-3.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-sweet-romance-4.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-sweet-romance-31.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-sweet-romance-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-sweet-romance-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-sweet-romance-32.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-sweet-romance-3.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-sweet-romance-4.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-sweet-romance-33.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-sweet-romance-5.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-sweet-romance-6.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset3"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lavender-sweet-romance-34.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset3-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-sweet-romance-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset3-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lavender-sweet-romance-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""perennial-lavender-blue-cushion"",""perennial-lavender-deep-purple"",""perennial-lavender-phenomenal""]}]}" 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Detailed Instructions
\n
BULBS
\n\n

Preparing Soil

\nProperly preparing the soil for bulb planting is important. Good soil drainage is essential in raising bulbs. If you have a soil with a high clay content, it can be improved by adding compost, peat moss or some other source of organic material. The organic material should be worked in the top twelve inches of soil (eighteen inches is even better).\n\""\""\n\n

Fertilization

\nSummer and fall flowering bulbs do not need additional fertilizer however you can fertilize monthly from shoot emergence until the plants reach full flower. Apply seven tablespoons of 10-10-10 soluble fertilizer (or equivalent bulb fertilizer) split over two or three applications over a ten square foot area. Once in full flower, no extra fertilization is necessary.\nThe optimum pH range for bulbs is 6 to 7. If you not sure of your soil, then a soil test of the planting area can be done to determine if lime needs to be applied to adjust the soil pH. If needed, limestone should be worked into the soil.\n\n

Planting Location

\nBefore selecting the location to plant bulbs in the landscape, consider the light requirements of the plant. Does the plant require full sunshine, partial shade or full shade? Many summer blooming bulbs require full sun or partial shade. Well drained soil is a must.\n\n

Planting Depth

\nPlanting depth for spring to summer bulbs have varied planting requirements. For planting depth of summer blooming bulbs, consult the information supplied with the bulbs.\n\n

Watering

\nWater the bulbs following planting. This will help settle the soil in the planting bed plus provide needed moisture for the bulbs to start rooting. Avoid over-watering at planting time since this can result in bulb rot.
For both spring and summer bulbs, start watering when the flower buds first appear on the plant if the soil is dry. Shallow watering will not do the job. Remember that the bulbs may have been planted 6 to 8 inches deep and the water needs to soak to that depth. Through the bud, bloom and early foliage stage, add about one inch of water per week if this amount has not been supplied from rainfall. Water with a soaker hose to keep water off the bloom. Shallow planted bulbs, will rot quickly if over-watered in the heat of summer.\n\n

Staking

\nSome of the summer blooming bulbs like dahlias and gladiolus occasionally need extra support to be able to remain erect. Stakes will work for this purpose. Drive stakes in place at planting time to avoid accidental damage to the bulbs or tubers.\n\n

Mulching

\nThe bulb bed should be covered with two or three inches of mulch. Mulch will help minimize temperature fluctuation and maintain an optimal moisture level in the planting bed. The small, early booming bulbs should not be mulched.\n\n

Storing bulbs until you can plant them safely after all chance of frost has passed!

\nYou should wait until all chance of frost has passed and in colder areas that can be closer to the end of May. In the meantime, if you have received your bulbs you must store them properly until planting. All bulbs should be kept dry and cool. You do not want them to sprout before planting. If they do, be very careful not to break the sprouts or the bulb will no longer be any good.\nMake sure your cool place is not a freezing place. If you are still having cold weather don’t store them where the temperature dips below 32 degrees. Ideally, 35-45 degrees is best. Each type of spring planted bulb (summer blooming) has it’s requirement for storage. See our easy storing chart for proper temps.\nDahlias – between 35 and 45 degrees\nGladiolus – between 35 and 45 degrees\nLilies – between 35 and 45 degrees\nCalla Lily – around 65 degrees\nCanna Lily – around 50 degrees\nPerennials – between 35 and 45 degrees (cool is better – but do not allow to freeze)\n\n

Digging and Storing Summer Bulbs at the end of your season!

\nMost summer flowering bulbs should be dug and stored when the leaves on the plants turn yellow. Use a spading fork to lift the bulbs from the ground. Wash off any soil that clings to the bulbs, except for bulbs that are stored in pots or with the soil around them. Leave the soil on achimenes, begonia, canna, caladium, dahlia and ismene bulbs. Store these bulbs in clumps on a slightly moistened layer of peat moss or sawdust in a cool place. Wash and separate them just before re-planting.\nStore bulbs according to our easy storage temperature guide. Inspect your bulbs for signs of disease. Keep only large, healthy bulbs that are firm and free of spots. Discard undersized bulbs. If you have only a few bulbs, you can keep them in paper bags hung by strings from the ceiling or wall. Store large numbers of bulbs on trays with screen bottoms. Separate your bulbs by species or variety before storing them.
Be sure that air can circulate around your stored bulbs. Never store bulbs more than two or three layers deep. Deep piles of bulbs generate heat and decay.\n\n
Common Questions
\n

What are spring planting bulbs?

\nSpring planting bulbs are bulbs that should be planted in the spring and bloom in the summer. The number of spring bulbs is quite extensive, but the most popular varieties include gladiolus, begonias, dahlias, lilies, freesia, anemone, tigridia, acidanthera, montbretia, sparaxis, iris, brodea, liatris, and callas. These bulbs and tubers generally originated from the sub tropical regions of the world such as South Africa and South America. Therefore, they like warm temperatures and humid conditions and are usually not winter hardy.\n\n

What should I look for when buying spring planting bulbs?

\nIn general, look for firm and healthy bulbs. Bulbs that are mushy usually have not been kept in a cool dry place and will rot and therefore not flower. When buying tubers, look for tubers with 3 to 5 eyes and initial root formation.\n\n

When should I plant my bulbs?

\nSpring planting, summer flowering bulbs and tubers can be planted in the spring when you are certain the ground will no longer freeze in your area. This may be up until the end of May depending on your area.\n\n

How deep should I plant spring planting bulbs?

\nThe rule of thumb is to plant the bulb or tuber about 5 inches deep. Exceptions include Dahlias and Begonias which should be planted just beneath the surface.\n\n

How far apart do I plant spring planting bulbs?

\nFor smaller varieties, 4 inches is a good interval, 5 inches apart for gladiolus and 10 inches for begonias. Lilies should be about 12 inches apart and dahlias as much as 16 inches apart. For uninterrupted color, they can be planted even closer together.\n\n

What do I do after my bulbs have bloomed?

\nOnce your bulbs have finished blooming, they can often be used again the following year. With the exception of lilies, the bulbs have to be taken out of the ground if it freezes in your area during the winter. If it does freeze in your area, let the leaves die down naturally, then dig up the bulbs and store in a cool dry place and replant the following spring.
\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/leucocoryne-andes-glory-of-the-sun-55.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""273""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/leucocoryne-andes-glory-of-the-sun-mix-3.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/leucocoryne-andes-glory-of-the-sun-mix-4.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/leucocoryne-andes-glory-of-the-sun-55.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""273""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/leucocoryne-andes-glory-of-the-sun-mix-3.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/leucocoryne-andes-glory-of-the-sun-mix-4.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" perennial-liatris,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""perennials-lavandula"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n32-36 Inches\n\nSpread:\n16-20 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nPink/Purple Shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull sun (> 6 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nAverage water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nEarly summer\nMidsummer\nLate summer\n\nHow's your soil?:\nPoor Soil\nAverage Soil\nFertile Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder plants\nCut flower or foliage\nDried flower or seed heads\nMass Planting\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-liatris-11.gif"",""height"":""500"",""width"":""500""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/liatris-violet-blazing-star-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/liatris-violet-blazing-star-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-liatris-11.gif"",""height"":""500"",""width"":""500""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/liatris-violet-blazing-star-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/liatris-violet-blazing-star-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""perennial-lavender-blue-cushion"",""perennial-lavender-deep-purple"",""perennial-lavender-phenomenal""]}]}" perennial-liatris-mix,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n32-36 Inches\n\nSpread:\n16-20 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nPink/Purple/White Shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull sun (> 6 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nAverage water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nEarly summer\nMidsummer\nLate summer\n\nHow's your soil?:\nPoor Soil\nAverage Soil\nFertile Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder plants\nCut flower or foliage\nDried flower or seed heads\nMass Planting\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/liatris-mixture-11.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/liatris-mixture-22.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/liatris-mixture-23.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/liatris-mixture-11.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/liatris-mixture-22.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/liatris-mixture-23.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" perennial-liatris-kobold,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n32-36 Inches\n\nSpread:\n16-20 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nPink/Purple Shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull sun (> 6 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nAverage water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nEarly summer\nMidsummer\nLate summer\n\nHow's your soil?:\nPoor Soil\nAverage Soil\nFertile Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder plants\nCut flower or foliage\nDried flower or seed heads\nMass Planting\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/liatris-kobold-original-25.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/liatris-violet-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/liatris-violet-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/liatris-kobold-original-25.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/liatris-violet-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/liatris-violet-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" book-lifting-the-yoke,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lifting-the-yoke-solutions-to-america-s-farm-food-crisis-10.gif"",""height"":""350"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lifting-the-yoke-solutions-to-america-s-farm-food-crisis-18.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lifting-the-yoke-solutions-to-america-s-farm-food-crisis-12.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lifting-the-yoke-solutions-to-america-s-farm-food-crisis-10.gif"",""height"":""350"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lifting-the-yoke-solutions-to-america-s-farm-food-crisis-18.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lifting-the-yoke-solutions-to-america-s-farm-food-crisis-12.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""transplanter"",""trowel"",""fan-rake"",""""]}]}" perennials-lilies,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""spring-bulbs"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilies-40.gif"",""height"":""500"",""width"":""500""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilies-41.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilies-42.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilies-40.gif"",""height"":""500"",""width"":""500""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilies-41.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilies-42.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""contents"",""ids"":[""lilium-forever-susan"",""lilium-cogoleto"",""lilium-golden-matrix"",""lilium-mascara"",""lilium-nettys-pride"",""perennial-lilium-spring-pink"",""lilium-casa-blanca-fall"",""lilium-curly-sue"",""lilium-mount-cook"",""lilium-salmon-star"",""lily-stargazer-fall"",""lilium-montego-bay"",""lilium-chocolate-event"",""lilium-pink-giant"",""perennial-lilium-splendens""]}]}" wd46,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""photogallery"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lilies-up-close-7.gif"",""height"":""187"",""width"":""250""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilies-up-close-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilies-up-close-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lilies-up-close-7.gif"",""height"":""187"",""width"":""250""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilies-up-close-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilies-up-close-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-claude-shride,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Plant as soon as you can. (Do not over water your perennials.) Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-claude-shride-57.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""272""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-claude-shride-58.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-claude-shride-59.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-claude-shride-57.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""272""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-claude-shride-58.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-claude-shride-59.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-manitoba-morning,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Plant as soon as you can. (Do not over water your perennials.) Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-manitoba-morning-37.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""272""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-manitoba-morning-38.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-manitoba-morning-39.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-manitoba-morning-37.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""272""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-manitoba-morning-38.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-manitoba-morning-39.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-sunny-morning,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""fall-planted-perennials"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Plant as soon as you can. (Do not over water your perennials.) Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-sunny-morning-36.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""272""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-sunny-morning-37.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-sunny-morning-38.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-sunny-morning-36.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""272""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-sunny-morning-37.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-sunny-morning-38.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""allium-serendipity"",""perennial-allium-blue-eddy"",""perennial-iris-black-gamecock""]}]}" lilium-black-eye,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-black-eye-49.gif"",""height"":""414"",""width"":""282""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-black-eye-50.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-black-eye-51.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-black-eye-49.gif"",""height"":""414"",""width"":""282""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-black-eye-50.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-black-eye-51.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-easy-dance,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-easy-dance-12.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-easy-dance-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-easy-dance-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-easy-dance-12.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-easy-dance-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-easy-dance-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-easy-spot,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-easy-spot-9.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-easy-spot-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-easy-spot-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-easy-spot-9.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-easy-spot-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-easy-spot-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-landini,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-landini-69.gif"",""height"":""414"",""width"":""282""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-landini-70.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-landini-71.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-landini-69.gif"",""height"":""414"",""width"":""282""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-landini-70.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-landini-71.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-matrix-orange,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-matrix-orange-21.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-matrix-orange-32.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-matrix-orange-33.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-matrix-orange-21.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-matrix-orange-32.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-matrix-orange-33.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-purple-eye,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-purple-eye-28.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-purple-eye-40.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-purple-eye-41.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-purple-eye-28.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-purple-eye-40.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-purple-eye-41.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-vermeer,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-vermeer-9.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-vermeer-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-vermeer-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-vermeer-9.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-vermeer-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-vermeer-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-whistler,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-whistler-15.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-whistler-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-whistler-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-whistler-15.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-whistler-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-asiatic-whistler-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-altari,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-altari-trumpet-34.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""273""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-altari-trumpet-35.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-altari-trumpet-36.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-altari-trumpet-34.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""273""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-altari-trumpet-35.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-altari-trumpet-36.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-casa-blanca,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-casa-blanca-62.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""274""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-casa-blanca-63.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-casa-blanca-64.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-casa-blanca-62.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""274""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-casa-blanca-63.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-casa-blanca-64.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-chill-out,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-chill-out-15.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-chill-out-27.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-chill-out-28.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-chill-out-15.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-chill-out-27.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-chill-out-28.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-distant-drum,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-distant-drum-34.gif"",""height"":""414"",""width"":""282""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-distant-drum-35.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-distant-drum-36.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-distant-drum-34.gif"",""height"":""414"",""width"":""282""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-distant-drum-35.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-distant-drum-36.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-dizzy,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-dizzy-53.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""273""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-dizzy-54.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-dizzy-55.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-dizzy-53.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""273""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-dizzy-54.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-dizzy-55.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" pernnial-lilium-isabella,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-orientale-isabella-36.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""273""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-isabella-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-isabella-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-orientale-isabella-36.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""273""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-isabella-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-isabella-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-magny-course,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-magny-course-7.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-magny-course-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-magny-course-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-magny-course-7.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-magny-course-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-magny-course-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-polar-star,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-polar-star-35.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""273""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-polar-star-36.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-polar-star-37.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-polar-star-35.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""273""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-polar-star-36.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-polar-star-37.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-thalita,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-thalita-53.gif"",""height"":""439"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-thalita-54.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-thalita-55.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-thalita-53.gif"",""height"":""439"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-thalita-54.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-oriental-thalita-55.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-night-flyer,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-tigrinum-night-flyer-12.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-tigrinum-night-flyer-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-tigrinum-night-flyer-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-tigrinum-night-flyer-12.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-tigrinum-night-flyer-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-tigrinum-night-flyer-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-yellow-bruse,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-yellow-bruse-tiger-26.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""273""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-tigrinum-yellow-bruse-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-tigrinum-yellow-bruse-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-yellow-bruse-tiger-26.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""273""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-tigrinum-yellow-bruse-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-tigrinum-yellow-bruse-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lilium-tigrinum-mix,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-tigrinum-mix-9.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-tigrinum-mix-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-tigrinum-mix-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-tigrinum-mix-9.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-tigrinum-mix-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-tigrinum-mix-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" fragrant-lily-fall,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Plant as soon as you can. (Do not over water your perennials.) Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products."",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/fragrant-lily-mix-1.gif"",""height"":""304"",""width"":""280""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lily-fragrant-mix-5.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lily-fragrant-mix-1.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/fragrant-lily-mix-1.gif"",""height"":""304"",""width"":""280""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lily-fragrant-mix-5.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lily-fragrant-mix-1.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" perennial-lilium-mona-lisa,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Plant as soon as you can. (Do not over water your perennials.) Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products."",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-orientale-mona-lisa-30.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""274""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lily-mona-lisa-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lily-mona-lisa-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lilium-orientale-mona-lisa-30.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""274""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lily-mona-lisa-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lily-mona-lisa-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lily-of-the-valley-seed,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""woodland---rare-species-seed"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Woodland and Rare Wildflowers\nAbout: Many seeds of woodland and rare wildflowers have built-in dormancy mechanisms which protect them from germinating before killing frosts or in times of drought. In the wild, seeds will lie dormant until they acclimate to their new environment or until the proper conditions for growth occur. To be successful with these types of species and growing them from seed you must realize that each species has a different method of naturally breaking dormancy. Woodland and Rare wildflowers are not instant garden flowers and many take a great amount of patience before they germinate and bloom. Once they do, they are well worth the wait.\nDifferent Ways Woodland and Rare Species Break Dormancy: Each species is different. Some are relatively quick and act like traditional perennials while others can take a few years. Below, we have outlined different ways these species break dormancy to help you better understand why some take longer than others. It will also help you to better understand why they dont germinate the first or second year so dont give up on them!\n1. Some species germinate upon sowing in a warm location like any other perennial. They grow and leaf the first year to begin blooming the second and successive years.\n2. Some species need a cold, moist stratification followed by an extended cold period ie. Fall/Winter.\n3. Very small seeds need light to break dormancy so they should be planted no deeper than 1/8th of an inch and just a light layer of soil cover. They shouldnt be allowed to dry out. You can tell the size of your seeds by just looking at them.\n4. Some species will need a warm, moist period followed by a cold, moist period and will need 2-4 full years of these alternating conditions to break dormancy.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lily-of-the-valley-seeds-3.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lily-of-the-valley-seeds-17.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lily-of-the-valley-seeds-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lily-of-the-valley-seeds-5.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lily-of-the-valley-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lily-of-the-valley-seeds-19.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lily-of-the-valley-seeds-3.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lily-of-the-valley-seeds-17.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lily-of-the-valley-seeds-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lily-of-the-valley-seeds-5.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lily-of-the-valley-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lily-of-the-valley-seeds-19.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""cardinal-flower"",""great-white-trillium-seed"",""common-lavender""]}]}" little-bluestem-grass,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""individual-grass-species"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""Grasses are used for conservation, erosion control, creating natural areas and for wildlife habitats. Planting native grasses has become increasingly popular over the last few years as they have low environmental impact. You can also use some grasses like rye as a green manure over the winter months to repair or rectify your soil. Farmers have done this for years.\n\nPreparation:\nPrepare the area where you would like to plant native grass seed as you would for a wildflower seed mix. Remove all existing growth, either by hand, roto-tilling, rough or power raking. Till only deep enough to remove all old roots. Deep tilling may bring up dormant weed seeds lying beneath which will compete with your flowers. If you want to be sure your soil is weed seed free, youll have to till, wait for the crop of new weeds to grow, usually one to three weeks and till again as in step one before reseeding to have the best shot at eradicating them. If using the roto-till method, you can seed after the second or third tilling.\n\nSowing:\nOnce your soil is prepared and free of previous growth, its important to sow immediately. (If you let time go by between preparation and spreading your seed, youre giving possible weeds an advantage over the new seed you wish to sow. You can use a hand crank seed sower, but most simply scatter the seed by hand. Put your grass seed into two buckets; add in any wildflower seed and some sand. Usually 4 parts sand to 1 part seed. The sand does two things: It dilutes the seed, making it easier to sow evenly, and since its light-colored, it shows you where youve been on the dark soil as you go. Next, sow one buckets mix over your whole area. Then go back in the opposite direction and do the same with the second bucket. This way, you should have even spreading and no bare spots. Once seed is sown, be sure you have a good seed to soil contact. If you can, use a lawn roller or lay down a large board and walk on it to compress (squash down) the seed into the bare soil. If strictly sowing a grass mixture or an individual grass species, you can lightly rake in or cover your grass seed lightly.\n\nWatering: Keep your new area watered for the first month or two and then it should be self-sufficient unless you are having a drought.\n\n

What in the World is Green Manure or Cover Crops and Why Should I Care?

\nGreen manure crops may include legumes such as cowpeas, soybeans, annual sweet clover, vetch, etc. as well as non-leguminous crops such as sudangrass, millet, sorghum, and buckwheat. Legumes are often used as green manure crops for their nitrogen fixing abilities, while non-leguminous crops are used primarily for weed suppression and addition of biomass to the soil. Green manures usually perform multiple functions that include soil improvement and soil protection: Incorporation of cover crops into the soil is immediately followed by an increase in abundance of soil microorganisms that aid in the decomposition of this fresh material. The degradation of plant material allows the nutrients held within the green manure to be released and made available to the succeeding crop. This additional decomposition also allows for the re-incorporation of nutrients that are found in the soil in a particular form such as nitrogen, potassium , phosphorus , calcium , magnesium , and sulfur. Microbial activity in the soil also leads to the formation of mycelium and viscous materials which benefit the health of the soil by increasing its soil structure (i.e. by aggregation). Soil that is well- aggregated has increased aeration and water infiltration rates, and is more easily turned or tilled than non- aggregated soil. Further aeration of the soil results from the ability of the root systems of many green manure crops to efficiently penetrate compact soils. The amount of humus found in the soil also increases with higher rates of decomposition, which is beneficial for the growth of the crop succeeding the green manure crop. Green manure crops are also useful for weed control, erosion prevention, and reduction of insect pests and diseases. The deep rooting properties of many green manure crops make them efficient at suppressing weed. Green manure crops often provide habitat for many native pollinators as well as predatory beneficial insects, which allow for a reduction in the input of insecticides where cover crops are planted. Some green manures are also successful at suppressing plant diseases. Incorporation of green manures into a farming system can drastically reduce, if not eliminate, the need for additional products such as supplemental fertilizers and pesticides. Organic farming also relies on soil health and cycling of nutrients through the soil using natural processes. Green manures perform the vital function of fertilization, in concert with the addition of animal manures if those are used. Green manure also brings other organic advantages with it depending upon the plant type used. Buckwheat, for example, prevents the spread of weeds, and Winter wheat and Winter rye can also be used for grazing.\n\n\n

Planting a Cover Crop or Green Manure Crop?

\n\nWhen Do I Plant?\nPlant in Spring - Fall\n\nHow Do I Plant?\nSame as the instructions above.\n\nWhat is the Next Step?\nSome of your cover crops may slow their growth in cold temps but will re-start again in early spring. In mid-late spring, mow down your cover crops before they go to seed and then rototill them into the soil in preparation for new garden areas. You will need to wait about 3-5 weeks after tilling before you plant anything new in this area. As most cover crops or green manures add beneficial nutrients to the soil, this allows the nutrients added to be released into the soil and some of them like rye which keep down other seeds (like weeds) from germinating will no longer be present in the soil after a few weeks. After you wait this time amount, go ahead and plant your new areas according to the proper instructions for what you are planting.\n\n\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/little-bluestem-grass-1.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/little-bluestem-grass-seeds-12.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/little-bluestem-grass-seeds-5.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/little-bluestem-grass-seeds-3.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/little-bluestem-grass-seeds-13.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/little-bluestem-grass-seeds-14.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/little-bluestem-grass-1.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/little-bluestem-grass-seeds-12.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/little-bluestem-grass-seeds-5.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/little-bluestem-grass-seeds-3.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/little-bluestem-grass-seeds-13.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/little-bluestem-grass-seeds-14.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""annual-ryegrass"",""autumn-bentgrass"",""big-bluestem""]}]}" 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perennial-lobelia-starship-deep-rose,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""perennial-leucanthemum-lobelia-lupinus"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n20-22 Inches\n\nSpread:\nn/a\n\nFlower Color:\nPink/Rose shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n5,6,7,8,9,10\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull Sun (4-6 hrs. direct sun)\nPartial Shade (> 4 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nAverage water needs\nConsistent water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\nAttracts hummingbirds\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer Resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nSummer - Fall\n\nHow's your soil?:\nAverage Soil\nFertile Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder plants\nMass Planting\nEasy to grow\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nCardinal flowers grow best in a location with morning sun and afternoon shade, except in cool areas where they need full sun. They need a moist, fertile soil and perform best if you work plenty of organic matter into the soil before planting. Water your growing cardinal flowers deeply in the absence of rain. Fertilize the plants in fall with some compost for each plant or a general purpose fertilizer. In USDA zones colder than zone 6, cover the plants in fall with a thick layer of pine mulch unless you expect heavy snow cover.\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lobelia-starship-deep-rose-12.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-deep-rose-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-deep-rose-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-deep-rose-9.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-deep-rose-10.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-deep-rose-11.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/perennial-lobelia-starship-deep-rose-12.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-deep-rose-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-deep-rose-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-deep-rose-9.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-deep-rose-10.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-deep-rose-11.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""perennial-leucanthemum-banana-cream"",""perennial-leucanthemum-cream-puff"",""perennial-lupine-mixed""]}]}" perennial-lobelia-starship-scarlet,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""perennial-leucanthemum-lobelia-lupinus"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n20-22 Inches\n\nSpread:\nn/a\n\nFlower Color:\nRed shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n5,6,7,8,9,10\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull Sun (4-6 hrs. direct sun)\nPartial Shade (> 4 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nAverage water needs\nConsistent water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\nAttracts hummingbirds\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer Resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nSummer - Fall\n\nHow's your soil?:\nAverage Soil\nFertile Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder plants\nMass Planting\nEasy to grow\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nCardinal flowers grow best in a location with morning sun and afternoon shade, except in cool areas where they need full sun. They need a moist, fertile soil and perform best if you work plenty of organic matter into the soil before planting. Water your growing cardinal flowers deeply in the absence of rain. Fertilize the plants in fall with some compost for each plant or a general purpose fertilizer. In USDA zones colder than zone 6, cover the plants in fall with a thick layer of pine mulch unless you expect heavy snow cover.\n\n\n\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 4/05 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/20 - 5/10. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-scarlet-48.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-scarlet-49.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-scarlet-50.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-scarlet-51.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-scarlet-52.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-scarlet-53.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-scarlet-48.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-scarlet-49.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-scarlet-50.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-scarlet-51.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-scarlet-52.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-scarlet-53.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-scarlet-54.gif"",""height"":""599"",""width"":""600""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-scarlet-55.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lobelia-starship-scarlet-56.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""perennial-leucanthemum-banana-cream"",""perennial-leucanthemum-cream-puff"",""perennial-lupine-mixed""]}]}" perennial-iris-black-gamecock,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""fall-planted-perennials"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n24-36 Inches\n\nSpread:\n24 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nPurple shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n4,5,6,7,8,9,10\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull sun (> 6 hrs. direct sun)\nPart shade (4-6 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nConsistent water needs\nAverage water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts hummingbirds\nBee Friendly\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\nRabbit resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nRapid\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nEarly - Mid Summer\n\nHow's your soil?:\nAverage Soil\nFertile Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBog Plant\nBorder Plant\nCut Flower\nMass Planting\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nLouisiana Irises are at their best when grown in wet to boggy soil or in shallow water up to four inches deep. They tend to bloom heaviest when grown in water. However, they can also be grown successfully in the garden as long as a consistent source of moisture is available. The soil should be acidic, as the plants will be more pale in color and overall weaker when grown in soil with a higher pH.\nLouisiana Irises bloom best in full sun but will also grow in partial shade. Late spring is the ideal time to transplant the rhizomes, though late summer or early fall is also acceptable. Do not transplant them in the heat of summer or in late fall. Plants will multiply quickly if sited properly.\nThese plants are heavy feeders, especially in zones where the growing season is relatively short. Provide a dose of liquid fertilizer on a regular schedule for best results.\nProvide pine straw or other mulch in the fall, but be sure to pull away the mulch early in the spring to prevent rot.\nAs their name implies, these plants are native to Louisiana and the southern states. However, they are also cold hardy all the way to zone 4. Louisiana Irises have one of the broadest growing ranges of all perennials, from zones 4-10.\n\nPhoto Courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.\n"",""tab-3-content"":""

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Plant as soon as you can. (Do not over water your perennials.) Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/louisiana-iris-black-gamecock-30.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/louisiana-iris-black-gamecock-31.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/louisiana-iris-black-gamecock-32.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/louisiana-iris-black-gamecock-33.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/louisiana-iris-black-gamecock-34.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/louisiana-iris-black-gamecock-35.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/louisiana-iris-black-gamecock-30.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/louisiana-iris-black-gamecock-31.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/louisiana-iris-black-gamecock-32.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/louisiana-iris-black-gamecock-33.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/louisiana-iris-black-gamecock-34.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/louisiana-iris-black-gamecock-35.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/louisiana-iris-black-gamecock-36.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/louisiana-iris-black-gamecock-37.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/louisiana-iris-black-gamecock-38.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""allium-serendipity"",""perennial-allium-blue-eddy"",""perennial-iris-lion-king""]}]}" love-blooms-mini-seed-packet,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""flower-seed-packets-mini-packets"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/love-blooms-seed-packet-2.gif"",""height"":""432"",""width"":""312""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/love-blooms-seed-packet-25.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/love-blooms-seed-packet-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/love-blooms-seed-packet-20.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/love-blooms-seed-packet-26.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/love-blooms-seed-packet-27.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/love-blooms-seed-packet-2.gif"",""height"":""432"",""width"":""312""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/love-blooms-seed-packet-25.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/love-blooms-seed-packet-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/love-blooms-seed-packet-20.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/love-blooms-seed-packet-26.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/love-blooms-seed-packet-27.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""change-your-world-mini-packet"",""forget-me-not-mini-packet"",""thank-you-poppy-mini-packet""]}]}" 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perennial-lupine-mixed,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""perennial-leucanthemum-lobelia-lupinus"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n18-24 Inches\n\nSpread:\n12-16 Inches\n\nFlower Color:\nMixed Shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n4,5,6,7,8\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull sun (> 6 hrs. direct sun)\nPart Shade (4-6 hrs. Direct Sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nAverage water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nAttracts butterflies\nAttracts hummingbirds\nAttracts bees\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nN/A\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nEarly summer\n\nHow's your soil?:\nAverage Soil\nFertile Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder plants\nCut flower or foliage\nMass Planting\nSalt Tolerant\n\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nGrow Lupines in full sun or light shade. They require rich organic soil with slight acidity and good drainage. They thrive in cool climates, and find it difficult to survive in areas with extremely hot summers. Applying mulch around the root zone will help to keep the roots cool and will protect them over the winter. Deadheading spent flowers will prolong the bloom time, as well as rejuvenate the plants in cool areas.\n\nPhoto Courtesy of Walters Gardens Inc.\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed 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lupine-russell,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""wildflower-seed-individual-species"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-russell-seeds-2.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-russell-seeds-16.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-russell-seeds-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-russell-seeds-4.gif"",""height"":""350"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-russell-seeds-17.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-russell-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-russell-seeds-2.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-russell-seeds-16.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-russell-seeds-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-russell-seeds-4.gif"",""height"":""350"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-russell-seeds-17.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-russell-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/annual-low-grow-wildflower-seed-mix-32.gif"",""height"":""0"",""width"":""0""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/annual-low-grow-wildflower-seed-mix-33.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/annual-low-grow-wildflower-seed-mix-34.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset3"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-russell-seeds-19.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset3-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-russell-seeds-20.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset3-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-russell-seeds-21.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""shasta-daisy"",""black-eyed-susan"",""purple-coneflower""]}]}" lupine-yellow,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""wildflower-seed-individual-species"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-yellow-seeds-2.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-yellow-seeds-15.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-yellow-seeds-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-yellow-seeds-4.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-yellow-seeds-16.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-yellow-seeds-17.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-yellow-seeds-2.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-yellow-seeds-15.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-yellow-seeds-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-yellow-seeds-4.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-yellow-seeds-16.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-yellow-seeds-17.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""cornflower-blue"",""godetia"",""cosmos-dazzler""]}]}" wd8,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""photogallery"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-dame-s-rocket-and-daisies-7.gif"",""height"":""187"",""width"":""250""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-dame-s-rocket-and-daisies-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-dame-s-rocket-and-daisies-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-dame-s-rocket-and-daisies-7.gif"",""height"":""187"",""width"":""250""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-dame-s-rocket-and-daisies-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lupine-dame-s-rocket-and-daisies-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" lurid-sedge,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""individual-grass-species"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""Grasses are used for conservation, erosion control, creating natural areas and for wildlife habitats. Planting native grasses has become increasingly popular over the last few years as they have low environmental impact. You can also use some grasses like rye as a green manure over the winter months to repair or rectify your soil. Farmers have done this for years.\n\nPreparation:\nPrepare the area where you would like to plant native grass seed as you would for a wildflower seed mix. Remove all existing growth, either by hand, roto-tilling, rough or power raking. Till only deep enough to remove all old roots. Deep tilling may bring up dormant weed seeds lying beneath which will compete with your flowers. If you want to be sure your soil is weed seed free, youll have to till, wait for the crop of new weeds to grow, usually one to three weeks and till again as in step one before reseeding to have the best shot at eradicating them. If using the roto-till method, you can seed after the second or third tilling.\n\nSowing:\nOnce your soil is prepared and free of previous growth, its important to sow immediately. (If you let time go by between preparation and spreading your seed, youre giving possible weeds an advantage over the new seed you wish to sow. You can use a hand crank seed sower, but most simply scatter the seed by hand. Put your grass seed into two buckets; add in any wildflower seed and some sand. Usually 4 parts sand to 1 part seed. The sand does two things: It dilutes the seed, making it easier to sow evenly, and since its light-colored, it shows you where youve been on the dark soil as you go. Next, sow one buckets mix over your whole area. Then go back in the opposite direction and do the same with the second bucket. This way, you should have even spreading and no bare spots. Once seed is sown, be sure you have a good seed to soil contact. If you can, use a lawn roller or lay down a large board and walk on it to compress (squash down) the seed into the bare soil. If strictly sowing a grass mixture or an individual grass species, you can lightly rake in or cover your grass seed lightly.\n\nWatering: Keep your new area watered for the first month or two and then it should be self-sufficient unless you are having a drought.\n\n

What in the World is Green Manure or Cover Crops and Why Should I Care?

\nGreen manure crops may include legumes such as cowpeas, soybeans, annual sweet clover, vetch, etc. as well as non-leguminous crops such as sudangrass, millet, sorghum, and buckwheat. Legumes are often used as green manure crops for their nitrogen fixing abilities, while non-leguminous crops are used primarily for weed suppression and addition of biomass to the soil. Green manures usually perform multiple functions that include soil improvement and soil protection: Incorporation of cover crops into the soil is immediately followed by an increase in abundance of soil microorganisms that aid in the decomposition of this fresh material. The degradation of plant material allows the nutrients held within the green manure to be released and made available to the succeeding crop. This additional decomposition also allows for the re-incorporation of nutrients that are found in the soil in a particular form such as nitrogen, potassium , phosphorus , calcium , magnesium , and sulfur. Microbial activity in the soil also leads to the formation of mycelium and viscous materials which benefit the health of the soil by increasing its soil structure (i.e. by aggregation). Soil that is well- aggregated has increased aeration and water infiltration rates, and is more easily turned or tilled than non- aggregated soil. Further aeration of the soil results from the ability of the root systems of many green manure crops to efficiently penetrate compact soils. The amount of humus found in the soil also increases with higher rates of decomposition, which is beneficial for the growth of the crop succeeding the green manure crop. Green manure crops are also useful for weed control, erosion prevention, and reduction of insect pests and diseases. The deep rooting properties of many green manure crops make them efficient at suppressing weed. Green manure crops often provide habitat for many native pollinators as well as predatory beneficial insects, which allow for a reduction in the input of insecticides where cover crops are planted. Some green manures are also successful at suppressing plant diseases. Incorporation of green manures into a farming system can drastically reduce, if not eliminate, the need for additional products such as supplemental fertilizers and pesticides. Organic farming also relies on soil health and cycling of nutrients through the soil using natural processes. Green manures perform the vital function of fertilization, in concert with the addition of animal manures if those are used. Green manure also brings other organic advantages with it depending upon the plant type used. Buckwheat, for example, prevents the spread of weeds, and Winter wheat and Winter rye can also be used for grazing.\n\n\n

Planting a Cover Crop or Green Manure Crop?

\n\nWhen Do I Plant?\nPlant in Spring - Fall\n\nHow Do I Plant?\nSame as the instructions above.\n\nWhat is the Next Step?\nSome of your cover crops may slow their growth in cold temps but will re-start again in early spring. In mid-late spring, mow down your cover crops before they go to seed and then rototill them into the soil in preparation for new garden areas. You will need to wait about 3-5 weeks after tilling before you plant anything new in this area. As most cover crops or green manures add beneficial nutrients to the soil, this allows the nutrients added to be released into the soil and some of them like rye which keep down other seeds (like weeds) from germinating will no longer be present in the soil after a few weeks. After you wait this time amount, go ahead and plant your new areas according to the proper instructions for what you are planting.\n\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lurid-sedge-grass-seeds-11.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lurid-sedge-grass-seeds-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lurid-sedge-grass-seeds-14.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lurid-sedge-grass-seeds-11.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/lurid-sedge-grass-seeds-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/lurid-sedge-grass-seeds-14.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""annual-ryegrass"",""autumn-bentgrass"",""big-bluestem""]}]}" 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marsh-marigold,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""woodland---rare-species-seed"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Woodland and Rare Wildflowers\nAbout: Many seeds of woodland and rare wildflowers have built-in dormancy mechanisms which protect them from germinating before killing frosts or in times of drought. In the wild, seeds will lie dormant until they acclimate to their new environment or until the proper conditions for growth occur. To be successful with these types of species and growing them from seed you must realize that each species has a different method of naturally breaking dormancy. Woodland and Rare wildflowers are not instant garden flowers and many take a great amount of patience before they germinate and bloom. Once they do, they are well worth the wait.\nDifferent Ways Woodland and Rare Species Break Dormancy: Each species is different. Some are relatively quick and act like traditional perennials while others can take a few years. Below, we have outlined different ways these species break dormancy to help you better understand why some take longer than others. It will also help you to better understand why they dont germinate the first or second year so dont give up on them!\n1. Some species germinate upon sowing in a warm location like any other perennial. They grow and leaf the first year to begin blooming the second and successive years.\n2. Some species need a cold, moist stratification followed by an extended cold period ie. Fall/Winter.\n3. Very small seeds need light to break dormancy so they should be planted no deeper than 1/8th of an inch and just a light layer of soil cover. They shouldnt be allowed to dry out. You can tell the size of your seeds by just looking at them.\n4. Some species will need a warm, moist period followed by a cold, moist period and will need 2-4 full years of these alternating conditions to break dormancy.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-3.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-5.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-19.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-20.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-3.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-5.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-19.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-20.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-21.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-22.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-23.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset3"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-24.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset3-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-25.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset3-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/marsh-marigold-seeds-26.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""cardinal-flower"",""great-white-trillium-seed"",""common-lavender""]}]}" 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mckana-columbine,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""perennial-wildflowers"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/mckana-columbine-seeds-2.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/mckana-columbine-seeds-11.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/mckana-columbine-seeds-5.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/mckana-columbine-seeds-2.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/mckana-columbine-seeds-11.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/mckana-columbine-seeds-5.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""cardinal-flower"",""great-white-trillium-seed"",""common-lavender""]}]}" medium-red-clover,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""individual-grass-species"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/medium-red-clover-1.gif"",""height"":""292"",""width"":""295""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/medium-red-clover-seeds-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/medium-red-clover-seeds-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/medium-red-clover-1.gif"",""height"":""292"",""width"":""295""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/medium-red-clover-seeds-7.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/medium-red-clover-seeds-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""annual-ryegrass"",""autumn-bentgrass"",""big-bluestem""]}]}" wd101,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""photogallery"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/meet-horace-7.gif"",""height"":""453"",""width"":""604""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/meet-horace-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/meet-horace-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/meet-horace-7.gif"",""height"":""453"",""width"":""604""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/meet-horace-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/meet-horace-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" melon-galia-packet,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/melon-galia-type-seeds-10.gif"",""height"":""250"",""width"":""220""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/melon-galia-type-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/melon-galia-type-seeds-12.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/melon-galia-type-seeds-10.gif"",""height"":""250"",""width"":""220""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/melon-galia-type-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/melon-galia-type-seeds-12.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""grow--your-own-salad-combo"",""summer-favorites-combo"",""herb-lovers-combo""]}]}" mens-garden-gloves,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""buy-1-get-1-free-deals"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/men-s-split-leather-gardening-gloves-27.gif"",""height"":""375"",""width"":""450""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/men-s-split-leather-gardening-gloves-37.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/men-s-split-leather-gardening-gloves-38.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/men-s-split-leather-gardening-gloves-27.gif"",""height"":""375"",""width"":""450""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/men-s-split-leather-gardening-gloves-37.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/men-s-split-leather-gardening-gloves-38.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""go-wild-special-edition-seed-mix"",""cottage-garden-mix"",""simply-wildflowers-packet""]}]}" merrybells-seed,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""woodland---rare-species-seed"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Woodland and Rare Wildflowers\nAbout: Many seeds of woodland and rare wildflowers have built-in dormancy mechanisms which protect them from germinating before killing frosts or in times of drought. In the wild, seeds will lie dormant until they acclimate to their new environment or until the proper conditions for growth occur. To be successful with these types of species and growing them from seed you must realize that each species has a different method of naturally breaking dormancy. Woodland and Rare wildflowers are not instant garden flowers and many take a great amount of patience before they germinate and bloom. Once they do, they are well worth the wait.\nDifferent Ways Woodland and Rare Species Break Dormancy: Each species is different. Some are relatively quick and act like traditional perennials while others can take a few years. Below, we have outlined different ways these species break dormancy to help you better understand why some take longer than others. It will also help you to better understand why they dont germinate the first or second year so dont give up on them!\n1. Some species germinate upon sowing in a warm location like any other perennial. They grow and leaf the first year to begin blooming the second and successive years.\n2. Some species need a cold, moist stratification followed by an extended cold period ie. Fall/Winter.\n3. Very small seeds need light to break dormancy so they should be planted no deeper than 1/8th of an inch and just a light layer of soil cover. They shouldnt be allowed to dry out. You can tell the size of your seeds by just looking at them.\n4. Some species will need a warm, moist period followed by a cold, moist period and will need 2-4 full years of these alternating conditions to break dormancy.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybell-seeds-32.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybell-seeds-33.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybell-seeds-34.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/merrybell-seeds-5.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybell-seeds-35.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybell-seeds-36.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybell-seeds-32.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybell-seeds-33.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybell-seeds-34.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/merrybell-seeds-5.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybell-seeds-35.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybell-seeds-36.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybell-seeds-37.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybell-seeds-38.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybell-seeds-39.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""cardinal-flower"",""great-white-trillium-seed"",""common-lavender""]}]}" 18,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""photogallery"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/merrybells-bellwort-7.gif"",""height"":""187"",""width"":""250""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybells-bellwort-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybells-bellwort-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/merrybells-bellwort-7.gif"",""height"":""187"",""width"":""250""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybells-bellwort-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/merrybells-bellwort-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" virginia-bluebells-fall,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""fall-planted-perennials"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Plant as soon as you can. (Do not over water your perennials.) Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. 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Detailed Instructions
\n\nHow Much Seed Do I Need?\nIn planning a wildflower meadow or garden, first you need to choose your site and estimate the square footage of the area. To find the square footage of any square or rectangular area, simply multiply the length in feet times the width in feet. For example, a border 50 feet long and 10 feet wide is 500 sq. ft. in area (50 X 10 = 500). For a circle, the area is equal to “pi” r squared, or pi (3.1) times the radius of your circle, squared. If your circle is 20 feet across, its radius is half of that or 10 ft. So to get the square footage of the circle: 3.1 X 10 X 10 = 310 sq. ft. The amount of seed you should plant depends on the flower display you want. Most usually want dense or maximum bloom. All mixtures are pure wildflower seed, no fillers or grasses. The denser you sow your wildflower area with seed, the more you will hold out the weeds and grasses. Just be sure not to over seed, so your wildflowers do not compete with themselves for space!\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 oz. up 100 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 2,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 10,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 20,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX. DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE!\n\nNote: If you have a large site, from ½ acre to several acres, your planting rate may be affected by land conditions. If you have heavy weeds on the site now, some erosion, generally poor soil, or other land problems, additional seed is usually the most economical solution. If your site does have these types of problems and you want to build in some assurance of full coverage, use a per pound coverage rate of 1000 sq ft. We usually suggest 50 lbs. per acre.\n\nWhere to Plant: Unless you are planting our Partial Shade Mix or Woodland Species, choose a spot with as much sun as possible. We consider full sun at least 6 hours daily.  For wildflowers, full sun is best. Most all soils are acceptable -- if any plant has grown in the spot, it should support wildflowers, which are tough and will adapt to the soil you provide for them.\n\n When to Plant: The optimum time to plant wildflower seed in your area depends on your climate and rainfall patterns, as well as the species you are planting.  In cooler climates; plant annuals, perennials or mixtures of annuals and perennials in spring, early summer or late fall. In milder or warm climates; plant wildflower seed during the cooler months of the year, fall through spring.  Perennials can be sown spring, summer and fall. If planting perennials late summer be sure to allow 10 weeks growing time before plants go dormant for the winter months. Spring planting: when there is no further chance of a killing frost, meaning that your night time temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and above. Summer plantings: annuals or mixes containing annuals can be planted through mid-summer. Depending on your climate you want to insure that you have enough time to enjoy all the annuals in your growing season. Perennials can be planted through the summer up until 10 weeks before your cold weather sets in. Fall plantings: in areas with freezing weather, a fall planting must be after a killing frost when your daytime temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and below but before the ground freezes. In other words, when you are sure cold weather has set in. Killing frosts usually happen at 28 degrees Fahrenheit. Fall plantings in cooler climates are dormant plantings and should be late enough so that the ground temperature is low but the ground is not yet frozen. Seeds must remain dormant – the seeds will germinate in spring. In areas of no frost, plant as your rainy season begins.  It is never too late to plant – just ask us for details on how and what to plant! Click here to read more about Fall planting!\n\nSoil Preparation: This is the most important step in obtaining success of your wildflower planting, whether it is a small garden or a large meadow. Remove all existing growth, either by hand , roto-tilling, rough or power raking. Till only deep enough to remove all old roots. Deep tilling may bring up dormant weed seeds lying beneath which will compete with your flowers. If you want to be sure your soil is weed seed free, youll have to till, wait for the crop of new weeds to grow, usually one to three weeks and then do one of two things; kill them down with one of the safe, non-residual method of using white vinegar; or to till again as in step one. If you use the vinegar method, then once the weeds are dead, rake them out and seed your wildflowers without roto-tilling again. If using the roto-till method, you can seed after the second or third tilling. For those of you that wish to use an herbicide, please read the label for any detrimental effects it may cause. If you choose to use this, use the same steps as if using the vinegar.\n\n About Fertilizer: When you choose to plant wildflowers there is usually minimal weeding done…and fertilizer will encourage the weeds and grasses. Fertilizer is not necessary for a great wildflower garden or meadow. (No one fertilizes in the wild or along roadsides), but if you want this extra boost for your flowers, fertilize only where you are willing to weed.\n\nSowing: Once your soil is prepared and free of previous growth, it’s important to sow immediately. (If you let time go by between preparation and spreading your seed, you’re giving possible weeds an advantage over your wildflower seed). You can use a hand crank seed sower, but most simply scatter the seed by hand. If you want to be sure to get good, even coverage, divide your seed into two roughly equal parts, in two buckets or cans. Then add clean sandbox sand to both halves, roughly 4-5 parts of sand to 1 part of seed. The sand does two things: It “dilutes” the seed, making it easier to sow evenly, and since it’s light-colored, it shows you “where you’ve been” on the dark soil as you go. Next, sow one bucket’s mix over your whole area. Then go back in the opposite direction and do the same with the second bucket. This way, you should have even spreading and no bare spots. Once seed is sown, do not rake or cover it in any way. If you can, use a lawn roller or lay down a large board and walk on it to compress (squash down) the seed into the bare soil. Remember, some of the seed you’re sowing is tiny; even the lightest covering of soil can stop it from germinating. Keep your new seedbed moist until seedlings are about 6-8” tall. After that, they should be self- sufficient; however watering during droughts will keep your flowers blooming.\n\n Know your Annuals, Perennials, Biennials: If you are planting one of our regional mixes, your seed is approximately 50% wild annuals, which will bloom the first year, and 50% wild perennials, which won’t bloom until the second year. The annuals are quick-growing, quick-blooming and will bloom for months, and then die with a killing frost. Most do reseed, but the seed must fall on bare ground to re-grow the next spring. Perennials are the flowers that “come back every year” from the same roots, forming expanding clumps in your meadow over the years. Biennials bloom the second year, and are killed by that year’s frost. However, they are heavy re-seeders, and usually reappear in the meadow.\n\nMaintenance: The amount of work you want to put into your meadow area is up to you. The only requirement is a once-a-year mowing in the fall after killing frosts—to disperse seed and to keep down brushy growth. Another good practice is to identify areas that have become weak or weed-filled, and to reseed those spots, the same way you repair bare spots in a lawn. Once you are able to identify weeds, hand pulling is a viable method of control for the small to medium garden. Any weed that you can pull will constitute to the success of your garden for years. One weed can disperse thousands of seeds, so get ‘em out of there if you can. If you have a large planting and you notice an area of weeds, then the above method of re-tilling and re-seeding that area is your way to obtain maximum success.\n\n Be Patient and Enjoy! Be patient while your garden or meadow establishes but once it has you’ll notice small wildlife, many birds, butterflies and other insects that are attracted to your wild garden; observing these visitors is one of the greatest pleasures of growing wildflowers. Mow paths through your meadow, put in benches and bird-feeders, and enjoy it all for years to come.\n\n
Common Questions
\n

How do I kill the Grass in my wildflower area?

\nContact Us for Suggestions!\n\n

What can I plant for the honey bees, butterflies etc.?

\nAll wildflowers are beneficial but we recommend our Deluxe Mix which has everything for everybody or our Hummingbird/Butterfly or Nature’s Choice Mix!\n\n

Can I grow wildflowers in full shade?

\nThe technical answer is no, all wildflowers need some sort of light. There is one wildflower that will do well in complete shade, Forget-me-not and you can also use our Woodland or Hand Gathered and Rare species. Call or e-mail us for advice.\n\n

Is the Queen Anne’s Lace you sell invasive?

\nNO, absolutely not. We do not sell invasive species. The Queen Anne’s Lace we sell is the annual, (Ammi majus) and not the invasive, Daucus Caroata.\n\n

Can I use more than one mix in the same area?

\nYes, mix and match away! You can also mix mixes together or add additional species - the creativity is endless!\n\n

When Should I Plant?

\nIn Spring, Summer or Fall; see above for complete info!\n\n

How do I store my seeds?

\nStore seeds in a cool and dry place. If stored properly seeds are viable for years!\n\n

What’s better - A Fall or Spring seeding?

\nSome only believe in a Spring seeding while others only believe in a Fall Seeding. At the Farm, we seed Spring, Summer and Fall in order to take advantage of the entire growing season!\n\n

Can I order now and have you ship later?

\nYes, we ship when you want to - just let us know when -  we’re at your service!\n\n

Should I add anything to my soil?

\nTechnically, no - but some may need to add lime, fertilizer, gypsum or other additives. (Contact us for details)\n\n

How often should I water?

\nOnce germination happens, keep moist until seedlings are 6-8” tall - you may need to water every other day unless Mother Nature is providing the rain.\n\n

Can I transplant my wildflowers?

\nMost wildflowers do not like transplanting - so plant your seeds where you want to see them grow!
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What's in the Mix: (Contains 26 Wildflowers)
Botanical Name Common Name Life Cycle Approx. Height & Color
Aster tanacetifolius Prairie Aster Annual 2-3 ft. Purple
Centaurea cyanus Blue Cornflower Annual 2 ft. Blue
Cheiranthus allionii Siberian Wallflower Biennial 2 ft. Orange
Chrysanthemum maximum Shasta Daisy Perennial 3 ft. White
Coreopsis lanceolata Lance-leaf Coreopsis Perennial 3 ft. Yellow
Coreopsis tinctoria Plains Coreopsis Annual 2-3 ft. Yellow/Red
Cosmos sulphureus Sulphur Cosmos Annual 3 ft. Orange
Cosmos bipinatus Wild Cosmos Annual 3-6 ft. Pink/White/Mauve
Dianthus barbatus Sweet William Biennial 2 ft. Multi Pinks
Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower Perennial 3 ft. Purple
Eschscholzia californica Orange Poppy Tender Perennial 2-3 ft. Orange
Gaillardia pulchella Indian Blanket Annual 2-3 ft. Yellow/Red
Gaillardia aristata Blanket Flower Perennial 3 ft. Yellow/Red
Gypsophila elegans Babys Breath Annual 2 ft. White
Helianthus annuus Wild Sunflower Annual 3 ft. Yellow
Iberis umbellata Candytuft Biennial 1-2 ft. Pink
Linum grandiflorum rubrum Scarlet Flax Annual 1-2 ft. Red
Linum perenne lewisii Blue Flax Perennial 2 ft. Blue
Lupinus perennis Perennial Lupine Perennial 3-4 ft. Purple
Nemophila menziesii Baby Blue Eyes Annual up to 1 ft. Blue
Oenothera lamarckiana Evening Primrose Annual 3-4 ft. Yellow
Papaver rhoeas Multi Poppy Annual 2-3 ft. Red
Ratibida columnaris Mexican Hat Perennial 2-3 ft. Red/Yellow
Ratibida columnaris Yellow Prairie Coneflower Perennial 3-4 ft. Yellow
Rudbeckia gloriosa Gloriosa Daisy Perennial 2-3 ft. Red/Yellow
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan Biennial 2-3 ft. Yellow
\n\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE.\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 oz. up 100 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 2,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 10,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 20,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\n\n\nSHIPPING and HANDLING CHARGES:\n(For U.S. Only)\n\n

Standard Processing & Shipping (Processed within 72 Hours)

\nOrders of $39 or More! = FREE\n Just $5.95 for orders of $38.99 or Less!\n\n

Priority Processing & Shipping (Processed within 48 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $9.95\n\n

Expedited Processing & Shipping (Processed within 24 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $16.95\n\n

Express, Next Day Etc.

\nPlease Phone or E-mail Customer Service\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
Detailed Instructions
\n\nHow Much Seed Do I Need?\nIn planning a wildflower meadow or garden, first you need to choose your site and estimate the square footage of the area. To find the square footage of any square or rectangular area, simply multiply the length in feet times the width in feet. For example, a border 50 feet long and 10 feet wide is 500 sq. ft. in area (50 X 10 = 500). For a circle, the area is equal to “pi” r squared, or pi (3.1) times the radius of your circle, squared. If your circle is 20 feet across, its radius is half of that or 10 ft. So to get the square footage of the circle: 3.1 X 10 X 10 = 310 sq. ft. The amount of seed you should plant depends on the flower display you want. Most usually want dense or maximum bloom. All mixtures are pure wildflower seed, no fillers or grasses. The denser you sow your wildflower area with seed, the more you will hold out the weeds and grasses. Just be sure not to over seed, so your wildflowers do not compete with themselves for space!\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 oz. up 100 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 2,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 10,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 20,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX. DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE!\n\nNote: If you have a large site, from ½ acre to several acres, your planting rate may be affected by land conditions. If you have heavy weeds on the site now, some erosion, generally poor soil, or other land problems, additional seed is usually the most economical solution. If your site does have these types of problems and you want to build in some assurance of full coverage, use a per pound coverage rate of 1000 sq ft. We usually suggest 50 lbs. per acre.\n\nWhere to Plant: Unless you are planting our Partial Shade Mix or Woodland Species, choose a spot with as much sun as possible. We consider full sun at least 6 hours daily.  For wildflowers, full sun is best. Most all soils are acceptable -- if any plant has grown in the spot, it should support wildflowers, which are tough and will adapt to the soil you provide for them.\n\n When to Plant: The optimum time to plant wildflower seed in your area depends on your climate and rainfall patterns, as well as the species you are planting.  In cooler climates; plant annuals, perennials or mixtures of annuals and perennials in spring, early summer or late fall. In milder or warm climates; plant wildflower seed during the cooler months of the year, fall through spring.  Perennials can be sown spring, summer and fall. If planting perennials late summer be sure to allow 10 weeks growing time before plants go dormant for the winter months. Spring planting: when there is no further chance of a killing frost, meaning that your night time temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and above. Summer plantings: annuals or mixes containing annuals can be planted through mid-summer. Depending on your climate you want to insure that you have enough time to enjoy all the annuals in your growing season. Perennials can be planted through the summer up until 10 weeks before your cold weather sets in. Fall plantings: in areas with freezing weather, a fall planting must be after a killing frost when your daytime temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and below but before the ground freezes. In other words, when you are sure cold weather has set in. Killing frosts usually happen at 28 degrees Fahrenheit. Fall plantings in cooler climates are dormant plantings and should be late enough so that the ground temperature is low but the ground is not yet frozen. Seeds must remain dormant – the seeds will germinate in spring. In areas of no frost, plant as your rainy season begins.  It is never too late to plant – just ask us for details on how and what to plant! Click here to read more about Fall planting!\n\nSoil Preparation: This is the most important step in obtaining success of your wildflower planting, whether it is a small garden or a large meadow. Remove all existing growth, either by hand , roto-tilling, rough or power raking. Till only deep enough to remove all old roots. Deep tilling may bring up dormant weed seeds lying beneath which will compete with your flowers. If you want to be sure your soil is weed seed free, youll have to till, wait for the crop of new weeds to grow, usually one to three weeks and then do one of two things; kill them down with one of the safe, non-residual method of using white vinegar; or to till again as in step one. If you use the vinegar method, then once the weeds are dead, rake them out and seed your wildflowers without roto-tilling again. If using the roto-till method, you can seed after the second or third tilling. For those of you that wish to use an herbicide, please read the label for any detrimental effects it may cause. If you choose to use this, use the same steps as if using the vinegar.\n\n About Fertilizer: When you choose to plant wildflowers there is usually minimal weeding done…and fertilizer will encourage the weeds and grasses. Fertilizer is not necessary for a great wildflower garden or meadow. (No one fertilizes in the wild or along roadsides), but if you want this extra boost for your flowers, fertilize only where you are willing to weed.\n\nSowing: Once your soil is prepared and free of previous growth, it’s important to sow immediately. (If you let time go by between preparation and spreading your seed, you’re giving possible weeds an advantage over your wildflower seed). You can use a hand crank seed sower, but most simply scatter the seed by hand. If you want to be sure to get good, even coverage, divide your seed into two roughly equal parts, in two buckets or cans. Then add clean sandbox sand to both halves, roughly 4-5 parts of sand to 1 part of seed. The sand does two things: It “dilutes” the seed, making it easier to sow evenly, and since it’s light-colored, it shows you “where you’ve been” on the dark soil as you go. Next, sow one bucket’s mix over your whole area. Then go back in the opposite direction and do the same with the second bucket. This way, you should have even spreading and no bare spots. Once seed is sown, do not rake or cover it in any way. If you can, use a lawn roller or lay down a large board and walk on it to compress (squash down) the seed into the bare soil. Remember, some of the seed you’re sowing is tiny; even the lightest covering of soil can stop it from germinating. Keep your new seedbed moist until seedlings are about 6-8” tall. After that, they should be self- sufficient; however watering during droughts will keep your flowers blooming.\n\n Know your Annuals, Perennials, Biennials: If you are planting one of our regional mixes, your seed is approximately 50% wild annuals, which will bloom the first year, and 50% wild perennials, which won’t bloom until the second year. The annuals are quick-growing, quick-blooming and will bloom for months, and then die with a killing frost. Most do reseed, but the seed must fall on bare ground to re-grow the next spring. Perennials are the flowers that “come back every year” from the same roots, forming expanding clumps in your meadow over the years. Biennials bloom the second year, and are killed by that year’s frost. However, they are heavy re-seeders, and usually reappear in the meadow.\n\nMaintenance: The amount of work you want to put into your meadow area is up to you. The only requirement is a once-a-year mowing in the fall after killing frosts—to disperse seed and to keep down brushy growth. Another good practice is to identify areas that have become weak or weed-filled, and to reseed those spots, the same way you repair bare spots in a lawn. Once you are able to identify weeds, hand pulling is a viable method of control for the small to medium garden. Any weed that you can pull will constitute to the success of your garden for years. One weed can disperse thousands of seeds, so get ‘em out of there if you can. If you have a large planting and you notice an area of weeds, then the above method of re-tilling and re-seeding that area is your way to obtain maximum success.\n\n Be Patient and Enjoy! Be patient while your garden or meadow establishes but once it has you’ll notice small wildlife, many birds, butterflies and other insects that are attracted to your wild garden; observing these visitors is one of the greatest pleasures of growing wildflowers. Mow paths through your meadow, put in benches and bird-feeders, and enjoy it all for years to come.\n\n
Common Questions
\n

How do I kill the Grass in my wildflower area?

\nContact Us for Suggestions!\n\n

What can I plant for the honey bees, butterflies etc.?

\nAll wildflowers are beneficial but we recommend our Deluxe Mix which has everything for everybody or our Hummingbird/Butterfly or Nature’s Choice Mix!\n\n

Can I grow wildflowers in full shade?

\nThe technical answer is no, all wildflowers need some sort of light. There is one wildflower that will do well in complete shade, Forget-me-not and you can also use our Woodland or Hand Gathered and Rare species. Call or e-mail us for advice.\n\n

Is the Queen Anne’s Lace you sell invasive?

\nNO, absolutely not. We do not sell invasive species. The Queen Anne’s Lace we sell is the annual, (Ammi majus) and not the invasive, Daucus Caroata.\n\n

Can I use more than one mix in the same area?

\nYes, mix and match away! You can also mix mixes together or add additional species - the creativity is endless!\n\n

When Should I Plant?

\nIn Spring, Summer or Fall; see above for complete info!\n\n

How do I store my seeds?

\nStore seeds in a cool and dry place. If stored properly seeds are viable for years!\n\n

What’s better - A Fall or Spring seeding?

\nSome only believe in a Spring seeding while others only believe in a Fall Seeding. At the Farm, we seed Spring, Summer and Fall in order to take advantage of the entire growing season!\n\n

Can I order now and have you ship later?

\nYes, we ship when you want to - just let us know when -  we’re at your service!\n\n

Should I add anything to my soil?

\nTechnically, no - but some may need to add lime, fertilizer, gypsum or other additives. (Contact us for details)\n\n

How often should I water?

\nOnce germination happens, keep moist until seedlings are 6-8” tall - you may need to water every other day unless Mother Nature is providing the rain.\n\n

Can I transplant my wildflowers?

\nMost wildflowers do not like transplanting - so plant your seeds where you want to see them grow!
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specialty-mirabilis-jalapa,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""spring-specialty-bulbs"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
Detailed Instructions
\n
BULBS
\n\n

Preparing Soil

\nProperly preparing the soil for bulb planting is important. Good soil drainage is essential in raising bulbs. If you have a soil with a high clay content, it can be improved by adding compost, peat moss or some other source of organic material. The organic material should be worked in the top twelve inches of soil (eighteen inches is even better).\n\""\""\n\n

Fertilization

\nSummer and fall flowering bulbs do not need additional fertilizer however you can fertilize monthly from shoot emergence until the plants reach full flower. Apply seven tablespoons of 10-10-10 soluble fertilizer (or equivalent bulb fertilizer) split over two or three applications over a ten square foot area. Once in full flower, no extra fertilization is necessary.\nThe optimum pH range for bulbs is 6 to 7. If you not sure of your soil, then a soil test of the planting area can be done to determine if lime needs to be applied to adjust the soil pH. If needed, limestone should be worked into the soil.\n\n

Planting Location

\nBefore selecting the location to plant bulbs in the landscape, consider the light requirements of the plant. Does the plant require full sunshine, partial shade or full shade? Many summer blooming bulbs require full sun or partial shade. Well drained soil is a must.\n\n

Planting Depth

\nPlanting depth for spring to summer bulbs have varied planting requirements. For planting depth of summer blooming bulbs, consult the information supplied with the bulbs.\n\n

Watering

\nWater the bulbs following planting. This will help settle the soil in the planting bed plus provide needed moisture for the bulbs to start rooting. Avoid over-watering at planting time since this can result in bulb rot.
For both spring and summer bulbs, start watering when the flower buds first appear on the plant if the soil is dry. Shallow watering will not do the job. Remember that the bulbs may have been planted 6 to 8 inches deep and the water needs to soak to that depth. Through the bud, bloom and early foliage stage, add about one inch of water per week if this amount has not been supplied from rainfall. Water with a soaker hose to keep water off the bloom. Shallow planted bulbs, will rot quickly if over-watered in the heat of summer.\n\n

Staking

\nSome of the summer blooming bulbs like dahlias and gladiolus occasionally need extra support to be able to remain erect. Stakes will work for this purpose. Drive stakes in place at planting time to avoid accidental damage to the bulbs or tubers.\n\n

Mulching

\nThe bulb bed should be covered with two or three inches of mulch. Mulch will help minimize temperature fluctuation and maintain an optimal moisture level in the planting bed. The small, early booming bulbs should not be mulched.\n\n

Storing bulbs until you can plant them safely after all chance of frost has passed!

\nYou should wait until all chance of frost has passed and in colder areas that can be closer to the end of May. In the meantime, if you have received your bulbs you must store them properly until planting. All bulbs should be kept dry and cool. You do not want them to sprout before planting. If they do, be very careful not to break the sprouts or the bulb will no longer be any good.\nMake sure your cool place is not a freezing place. If you are still having cold weather don’t store them where the temperature dips below 32 degrees. Ideally, 35-45 degrees is best. Each type of spring planted bulb (summer blooming) has it’s requirement for storage. See our easy storing chart for proper temps.\nDahlias – between 35 and 45 degrees\nGladiolus – between 35 and 45 degrees\nLilies – between 35 and 45 degrees\nCalla Lily – around 65 degrees\nCanna Lily – around 50 degrees\nPerennials – between 35 and 45 degrees (cool is better – but do not allow to freeze)\n\n

Digging and Storing Summer Bulbs at the end of your season!

\nMost summer flowering bulbs should be dug and stored when the leaves on the plants turn yellow. Use a spading fork to lift the bulbs from the ground. Wash off any soil that clings to the bulbs, except for bulbs that are stored in pots or with the soil around them. Leave the soil on achimenes, begonia, canna, caladium, dahlia and ismene bulbs. Store these bulbs in clumps on a slightly moistened layer of peat moss or sawdust in a cool place. Wash and separate them just before re-planting.\nStore bulbs according to our easy storage temperature guide. Inspect your bulbs for signs of disease. Keep only large, healthy bulbs that are firm and free of spots. Discard undersized bulbs. If you have only a few bulbs, you can keep them in paper bags hung by strings from the ceiling or wall. Store large numbers of bulbs on trays with screen bottoms. Separate your bulbs by species or variety before storing them.
Be sure that air can circulate around your stored bulbs. Never store bulbs more than two or three layers deep. Deep piles of bulbs generate heat and decay.\n\n
Common Questions
\n

What are spring planting bulbs?

\nSpring planting bulbs are bulbs that should be planted in the spring and bloom in the summer. The number of spring bulbs is quite extensive, but the most popular varieties include gladiolus, begonias, dahlias, lilies, freesia, anemone, tigridia, acidanthera, montbretia, sparaxis, iris, brodea, liatris, and callas. These bulbs and tubers generally originated from the sub tropical regions of the world such as South Africa and South America. Therefore, they like warm temperatures and humid conditions and are usually not winter hardy.\n\n

What should I look for when buying spring planting bulbs?

\nIn general, look for firm and healthy bulbs. Bulbs that are mushy usually have not been kept in a cool dry place and will rot and therefore not flower. When buying tubers, look for tubers with 3 to 5 eyes and initial root formation.\n\n

When should I plant my bulbs?

\nSpring planting, summer flowering bulbs and tubers can be planted in the spring when you are certain the ground will no longer freeze in your area. This may be up until the end of May depending on your area.\n\n

How deep should I plant spring planting bulbs?

\nThe rule of thumb is to plant the bulb or tuber about 5 inches deep. Exceptions include Dahlias and Begonias which should be planted just beneath the surface.\n\n

How far apart do I plant spring planting bulbs?

\nFor smaller varieties, 4 inches is a good interval, 5 inches apart for gladiolus and 10 inches for begonias. Lilies should be about 12 inches apart and dahlias as much as 16 inches apart. For uninterrupted color, they can be planted even closer together.\n\n

What do I do after my bulbs have bloomed?

\nOnce your bulbs have finished blooming, they can often be used again the following year. With the exception of lilies, the bulbs have to be taken out of the ground if it freezes in your area during the winter. If it does freeze in your area, let the leaves die down naturally, then dig up the bulbs and store in a cool dry place and replant the following spring.
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value-gladiolus-mix,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""gladiolus"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
Detailed Instructions
\n
BULBS
\n\n

Preparing Soil

\nProperly preparing the soil for bulb planting is important. Good soil drainage is essential in raising bulbs. If you have a soil with a high clay content, it can be improved by adding compost, peat moss or some other source of organic material. The organic material should be worked in the top twelve inches of soil (eighteen inches is even better).\n\""\""\n\n

Fertilization

\nSummer and fall flowering bulbs do not need additional fertilizer however you can fertilize monthly from shoot emergence until the plants reach full flower. Apply seven tablespoons of 10-10-10 soluble fertilizer (or equivalent bulb fertilizer) split over two or three applications over a ten square foot area. Once in full flower, no extra fertilization is necessary.\nThe optimum pH range for bulbs is 6 to 7. If you not sure of your soil, then a soil test of the planting area can be done to determine if lime needs to be applied to adjust the soil pH. If needed, limestone should be worked into the soil.\n\n

Planting Location

\nBefore selecting the location to plant bulbs in the landscape, consider the light requirements of the plant. Does the plant require full sunshine, partial shade or full shade? Many summer blooming bulbs require full sun or partial shade. Well drained soil is a must.\n\n

Planting Depth

\nPlanting depth for spring to summer bulbs have varied planting requirements. For planting depth of summer blooming bulbs, consult the information supplied with the bulbs.\n\n

Watering

\nWater the bulbs following planting. This will help settle the soil in the planting bed plus provide needed moisture for the bulbs to start rooting. Avoid over-watering at planting time since this can result in bulb rot.
For both spring and summer bulbs, start watering when the flower buds first appear on the plant if the soil is dry. Shallow watering will not do the job. Remember that the bulbs may have been planted 6 to 8 inches deep and the water needs to soak to that depth. Through the bud, bloom and early foliage stage, add about one inch of water per week if this amount has not been supplied from rainfall. Water with a soaker hose to keep water off the bloom. Shallow planted bulbs, will rot quickly if over-watered in the heat of summer.\n\n

Staking

\nSome of the summer blooming bulbs like dahlias and gladiolus occasionally need extra support to be able to remain erect. Stakes will work for this purpose. Drive stakes in place at planting time to avoid accidental damage to the bulbs or tubers.\n\n

Mulching

\nThe bulb bed should be covered with two or three inches of mulch. Mulch will help minimize temperature fluctuation and maintain an optimal moisture level in the planting bed. The small, early booming bulbs should not be mulched.\n\n

Storing bulbs until you can plant them safely after all chance of frost has passed!

\nYou should wait until all chance of frost has passed and in colder areas that can be closer to the end of May. In the meantime, if you have received your bulbs you must store them properly until planting. All bulbs should be kept dry and cool. You do not want them to sprout before planting. If they do, be very careful not to break the sprouts or the bulb will no longer be any good.\nMake sure your cool place is not a freezing place. If you are still having cold weather don’t store them where the temperature dips below 32 degrees. Ideally, 35-45 degrees is best. Each type of spring planted bulb (summer blooming) has it’s requirement for storage. See our easy storing chart for proper temps.\nDahlias – between 35 and 45 degrees\nGladiolus – between 35 and 45 degrees\nLilies – between 35 and 45 degrees\nCalla Lily – around 65 degrees\nCanna Lily – around 50 degrees\nPerennials – between 35 and 45 degrees (cool is better – but do not allow to freeze)\n\n

Digging and Storing Summer Bulbs at the end of your season!

\nMost summer flowering bulbs should be dug and stored when the leaves on the plants turn yellow. Use a spading fork to lift the bulbs from the ground. Wash off any soil that clings to the bulbs, except for bulbs that are stored in pots or with the soil around them. Leave the soil on achimenes, begonia, canna, caladium, dahlia and ismene bulbs. Store these bulbs in clumps on a slightly moistened layer of peat moss or sawdust in a cool place. Wash and separate them just before re-planting.\nStore bulbs according to our easy storage temperature guide. Inspect your bulbs for signs of disease. Keep only large, healthy bulbs that are firm and free of spots. Discard undersized bulbs. If you have only a few bulbs, you can keep them in paper bags hung by strings from the ceiling or wall. Store large numbers of bulbs on trays with screen bottoms. Separate your bulbs by species or variety before storing them.
Be sure that air can circulate around your stored bulbs. Never store bulbs more than two or three layers deep. Deep piles of bulbs generate heat and decay.\n\n
Common Questions
\n

What are spring planting bulbs?

\nSpring planting bulbs are bulbs that should be planted in the spring and bloom in the summer. The number of spring bulbs is quite extensive, but the most popular varieties include gladiolus, begonias, dahlias, lilies, freesia, anemone, tigridia, acidanthera, montbretia, sparaxis, iris, brodea, liatris, and callas. These bulbs and tubers generally originated from the sub tropical regions of the world such as South Africa and South America. Therefore, they like warm temperatures and humid conditions and are usually not winter hardy.\n\n

What should I look for when buying spring planting bulbs?

\nIn general, look for firm and healthy bulbs. Bulbs that are mushy usually have not been kept in a cool dry place and will rot and therefore not flower. When buying tubers, look for tubers with 3 to 5 eyes and initial root formation.\n\n

When should I plant my bulbs?

\nSpring planting, summer flowering bulbs and tubers can be planted in the spring when you are certain the ground will no longer freeze in your area. This may be up until the end of May depending on your area.\n\n

How deep should I plant spring planting bulbs?

\nThe rule of thumb is to plant the bulb or tuber about 5 inches deep. Exceptions include Dahlias and Begonias which should be planted just beneath the surface.\n\n

How far apart do I plant spring planting bulbs?

\nFor smaller varieties, 4 inches is a good interval, 5 inches apart for gladiolus and 10 inches for begonias. Lilies should be about 12 inches apart and dahlias as much as 16 inches apart. For uninterrupted color, they can be planted even closer together.\n\n

What do I do after my bulbs have bloomed?

\nOnce your bulbs have finished blooming, they can often be used again the following year. With the exception of lilies, the bulbs have to be taken out of the ground if it freezes in your area during the winter. If it does freeze in your area, let the leaves die down naturally, then dig up the bulbs and store in a cool dry place and replant the following spring.
\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/gladiolus-mixed-value-72.gif"",""height"":""410"",""width"":""282""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/mixed-gladiolus-value-bag-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/mixed-gladiolus-value-bag-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/gladiolus-mixed-value-72.gif"",""height"":""410"",""width"":""282""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/mixed-gladiolus-value-bag-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/mixed-gladiolus-value-bag-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""gladiolus-mardi-gras"",""gladiolus-parrot-mix"",""gladiolus-sunset-mix""]}]}" moist-mix,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""wildflower-seed-wildflower-mixes-specialized"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""
What's in the Mix: (Contains 19 Wildflowers)
Botanical Name Common Name Life Cycle Approx. Height & Color
Anagallis monelli Blue Pimpernel Annual up to 1 ft. Blue
Aquilegia vulgaris Double Columbine Perennial 1-2 ft. Multi
Asclepias curassavica Sunset Milkweed Perennial 1-2 ft. Pink
Cheiranthus allionii Siberian Wallflower Biennial 2 ft. Orange
Chrysanthemum maximum Shasta Daisy Perennial 3 ft. White
Clarkia unguiculata Farewell to Spring Annual 1ft. Pink
Coreopsis lanceolata Lance-leaf Coreopsis Perennial 3 ft. Yellow
Delphinium consolida Rocket Larkspur Annual 3-4 ft. Multi
Dianthus barbatus Sweet William Biennial 2 ft. Multi Pinks
Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower Perennial 3 ft. Purple
Iberis umbellata Candytuft Tender Perennial 1-2 ft. Pink/Purple
Liatris spicata Blazing Star Perennial 1-2 ft. Purple
Lupinus perennis Perennial Lupine Perennial 3-4 ft. Purple
Malcomia maritima Virginia Stock Annual 1-2 ft. Mixed
Myosotis alpestris Alpine Forget-me-not Perennial up to 1 ft. Blue
Nemophila menziesii Baby Blue Eyes Annual up to 1 ft. Blue
Monarda fistulosa Bee Balm Perennial 2-3 ft. Multi
Rudbeckia gloriosa Gloriosa Daisy Perennial 2-3ft. Red/Yellow
\n\n\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE.\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 oz. up 100 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 2,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 10,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 20,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\n\n\nSHIPPING and HANDLING CHARGES:\n(For U.S. Only)\n\n

Standard Processing & Shipping (Processed within 72 Hours)

\nOrders of $39 or More! = FREE\n Just $5.95 for orders of $38.99 or Less!\n\n

Priority Processing & Shipping (Processed within 48 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $9.95\n\n

Expedited Processing & Shipping (Processed within 24 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $16.95\n\n

Express, Next Day Etc.

\nPlease Phone or E-mail Customer Service"",""tab-3-content"":""
Detailed Instructions
\n\nHow Much Seed Do I Need?\nIn planning a wildflower meadow or garden, first you need to choose your site and estimate the square footage of the area. To find the square footage of any square or rectangular area, simply multiply the length in feet times the width in feet. For example, a border 50 feet long and 10 feet wide is 500 sq. ft. in area (50 X 10 = 500). For a circle, the area is equal to “pi” r squared, or pi (3.1) times the radius of your circle, squared. If your circle is 20 feet across, its radius is half of that or 10 ft. So to get the square footage of the circle: 3.1 X 10 X 10 = 310 sq. ft. The amount of seed you should plant depends on the flower display you want. Most usually want dense or maximum bloom. All mixtures are pure wildflower seed, no fillers or grasses. The denser you sow your wildflower area with seed, the more you will hold out the weeds and grasses. Just be sure not to over seed, so your wildflowers do not compete with themselves for space!\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 oz. up 100 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 2,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 10,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 20,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX. DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE!\n\nNote: If you have a large site, from ½ acre to several acres, your planting rate may be affected by land conditions. If you have heavy weeds on the site now, some erosion, generally poor soil, or other land problems, additional seed is usually the most economical solution. If your site does have these types of problems and you want to build in some assurance of full coverage, use a per pound coverage rate of 1000 sq ft. We usually suggest 50 lbs. per acre.\n\nWhere to Plant: Unless you are planting our Partial Shade Mix or Woodland Species, choose a spot with as much sun as possible. We consider full sun at least 6 hours daily.  For wildflowers, full sun is best. Most all soils are acceptable -- if any plant has grown in the spot, it should support wildflowers, which are tough and will adapt to the soil you provide for them.\n\n When to Plant: The optimum time to plant wildflower seed in your area depends on your climate and rainfall patterns, as well as the species you are planting.  In cooler climates; plant annuals, perennials or mixtures of annuals and perennials in spring, early summer or late fall. In milder or warm climates; plant wildflower seed during the cooler months of the year, fall through spring.  Perennials can be sown spring, summer and fall. If planting perennials late summer be sure to allow 10 weeks growing time before plants go dormant for the winter months. Spring planting: when there is no further chance of a killing frost, meaning that your night time temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and above. Summer plantings: annuals or mixes containing annuals can be planted through mid-summer. Depending on your climate you want to insure that you have enough time to enjoy all the annuals in your growing season. Perennials can be planted through the summer up until 10 weeks before your cold weather sets in. Fall plantings: in areas with freezing weather, a fall planting must be after a killing frost when your daytime temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and below but before the ground freezes. In other words, when you are sure cold weather has set in. Killing frosts usually happen at 28 degrees Fahrenheit. Fall plantings in cooler climates are dormant plantings and should be late enough so that the ground temperature is low but the ground is not yet frozen. Seeds must remain dormant – the seeds will germinate in spring. In areas of no frost, plant as your rainy season begins.  It is never too late to plant – just ask us for details on how and what to plant! Click here to read more about Fall planting!\n\nSoil Preparation: This is the most important step in obtaining success of your wildflower planting, whether it is a small garden or a large meadow. Remove all existing growth, either by hand , roto-tilling, rough or power raking. Till only deep enough to remove all old roots. Deep tilling may bring up dormant weed seeds lying beneath which will compete with your flowers. If you want to be sure your soil is weed seed free, youll have to till, wait for the crop of new weeds to grow, usually one to three weeks and then do one of two things; kill them down with one of the safe, non-residual method of using white vinegar; or to till again as in step one. If you use the vinegar method, then once the weeds are dead, rake them out and seed your wildflowers without roto-tilling again. If using the roto-till method, you can seed after the second or third tilling. For those of you that wish to use an herbicide, please read the label for any detrimental effects it may cause. If you choose to use this, use the same steps as if using the vinegar.\n\n About Fertilizer: When you choose to plant wildflowers there is usually minimal weeding done…and fertilizer will encourage the weeds and grasses. Fertilizer is not necessary for a great wildflower garden or meadow. (No one fertilizes in the wild or along roadsides), but if you want this extra boost for your flowers, fertilize only where you are willing to weed.\n\nSowing: Once your soil is prepared and free of previous growth, it’s important to sow immediately. (If you let time go by between preparation and spreading your seed, you’re giving possible weeds an advantage over your wildflower seed). You can use a hand crank seed sower, but most simply scatter the seed by hand. If you want to be sure to get good, even coverage, divide your seed into two roughly equal parts, in two buckets or cans. Then add clean sandbox sand to both halves, roughly 4-5 parts of sand to 1 part of seed. The sand does two things: It “dilutes” the seed, making it easier to sow evenly, and since it’s light-colored, it shows you “where you’ve been” on the dark soil as you go. Next, sow one bucket’s mix over your whole area. Then go back in the opposite direction and do the same with the second bucket. This way, you should have even spreading and no bare spots. Once seed is sown, do not rake or cover it in any way. If you can, use a lawn roller or lay down a large board and walk on it to compress (squash down) the seed into the bare soil. Remember, some of the seed you’re sowing is tiny; even the lightest covering of soil can stop it from germinating. Keep your new seedbed moist until seedlings are about 6-8” tall. After that, they should be self- sufficient; however watering during droughts will keep your flowers blooming.\n\n Know your Annuals, Perennials, Biennials: If you are planting one of our regional mixes, your seed is approximately 50% wild annuals, which will bloom the first year, and 50% wild perennials, which won’t bloom until the second year. The annuals are quick-growing, quick-blooming and will bloom for months, and then die with a killing frost. Most do reseed, but the seed must fall on bare ground to re-grow the next spring. Perennials are the flowers that “come back every year” from the same roots, forming expanding clumps in your meadow over the years. Biennials bloom the second year, and are killed by that year’s frost. However, they are heavy re-seeders, and usually reappear in the meadow.\n\nMaintenance: The amount of work you want to put into your meadow area is up to you. The only requirement is a once-a-year mowing in the fall after killing frosts—to disperse seed and to keep down brushy growth. Another good practice is to identify areas that have become weak or weed-filled, and to reseed those spots, the same way you repair bare spots in a lawn. Once you are able to identify weeds, hand pulling is a viable method of control for the small to medium garden. Any weed that you can pull will constitute to the success of your garden for years. One weed can disperse thousands of seeds, so get ‘em out of there if you can. If you have a large planting and you notice an area of weeds, then the above method of re-tilling and re-seeding that area is your way to obtain maximum success.\n\n Be Patient and Enjoy! Be patient while your garden or meadow establishes but once it has you’ll notice small wildlife, many birds, butterflies and other insects that are attracted to your wild garden; observing these visitors is one of the greatest pleasures of growing wildflowers. Mow paths through your meadow, put in benches and bird-feeders, and enjoy it all for years to come.\n\n
Common Questions
\n

How do I kill the Grass in my wildflower area?

\nContact Us for Suggestions!\n\n

What can I plant for the honey bees, butterflies etc.?

\nAll wildflowers are beneficial but we recommend our Deluxe Mix which has everything for everybody or our Hummingbird/Butterfly or Nature’s Choice Mix!\n\n

Can I grow wildflowers in full shade?

\nThe technical answer is no, all wildflowers need some sort of light. There is one wildflower that will do well in complete shade, Forget-me-not and you can also use our Woodland or Hand Gathered and Rare species. Call or e-mail us for advice.\n\n

Is the Queen Anne’s Lace you sell invasive?

\nNO, absolutely not. We do not sell invasive species. The Queen Anne’s Lace we sell is the annual, (Ammi majus) and not the invasive, Daucus Caroata.\n\n

Can I use more than one mix in the same area?

\nYes, mix and match away! You can also mix mixes together or add additional species - the creativity is endless!\n\n

When Should I Plant?

\nIn Spring, Summer or Fall; see above for complete info!\n\n

How do I store my seeds?

\nStore seeds in a cool and dry place. If stored properly seeds are viable for years!\n\n

What’s better - A Fall or Spring seeding?

\nSome only believe in a Spring seeding while others only believe in a Fall Seeding. At the Farm, we seed Spring, Summer and Fall in order to take advantage of the entire growing season!\n\n

Can I order now and have you ship later?

\nYes, we ship when you want to - just let us know when -  we’re at your service!\n\n

Should I add anything to my soil?

\nTechnically, no - but some may need to add lime, fertilizer, gypsum or other additives. (Contact us for details)\n\n

How often should I water?

\nOnce germination happens, keep moist until seedlings are 6-8” tall - you may need to water every other day unless Mother Nature is providing the rain.\n\n

Can I transplant my wildflowers?

\nMost wildflowers do not like transplanting - so plant your seeds where you want to see them grow!
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money-plant,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""perennial-wildflowers"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/money-plant-seeds-3.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/money-plant-seeds-17.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/money-plant-seeds-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/money-plant-seeds-5.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/money-plant-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/money-plant-seeds-19.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/money-plant-seeds-3.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/money-plant-seeds-17.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/money-plant-seeds-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/money-plant-seeds-5.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/money-plant-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/money-plant-seeds-19.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""cardinal-flower"",""great-white-trillium-seed"",""common-lavender""]}]}" monkey-flower,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""native-species"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Woodland and Rare Wildflowers\nAbout: Many seeds of woodland and rare wildflowers have built-in dormancy mechanisms which protect them from germinating before killing frosts or in times of drought. In the wild, seeds will lie dormant until they acclimate to their new environment or until the proper conditions for growth occur. To be successful with these types of species and growing them from seed you must realize that each species has a different method of naturally breaking dormancy. Woodland and Rare wildflowers are not instant garden flowers and many take a great amount of patience before they germinate and bloom. Once they do, they are well worth the wait.\nDifferent Ways Woodland and Rare Species Break Dormancy: Each species is different. Some are relatively quick and act like traditional perennials while others can take a few years. Below, we have outlined different ways these species break dormancy to help you better understand why some take longer than others. It will also help you to better understand why they dont germinate the first or second year so dont give up on them!\n1. Some species germinate upon sowing in a warm location like any other perennial. They grow and leaf the first year to begin blooming the second and successive years.\n2. Some species need a cold, moist stratification followed by an extended cold period ie. Fall/Winter.\n3. Very small seeds need light to break dormancy so they should be planted no deeper than 1/8th of an inch and just a light layer of soil cover. They shouldnt be allowed to dry out. You can tell the size of your seeds by just looking at them.\n4. Some species will need a warm, moist period followed by a cold, moist period and will need 2-4 full years of these alternating conditions to break dormancy.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/monkey-flower-seeds-2.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/monkey-flower-seeds-16.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/monkey-flower-seeds-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/monkey-flower-seeds-4.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/monkey-flower-seeds-17.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/monkey-flower-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/monkey-flower-seeds-2.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/monkey-flower-seeds-16.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/monkey-flower-seeds-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/monkey-flower-seeds-4.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/monkey-flower-seeds-17.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/monkey-flower-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""cardinal-flower"",""great-white-trillium-seed"",""common-lavender""]}]}" cust56,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""customerpage"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-7.gif"",""height"":""533"",""width"":""533""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-11.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-8.gif"",""height"":""533"",""width"":""533""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-12.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-13.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-7.gif"",""height"":""533"",""width"":""533""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-11.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-8.gif"",""height"":""533"",""width"":""533""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-12.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-13.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-14.gif"",""height"":""533"",""width"":""533""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-15.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-16.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset3"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-17.gif"",""height"":""533"",""width"":""533""},""inset3-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-18.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset3-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-19.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset4"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-20.gif"",""height"":""533"",""width"":""533""},""inset4-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset4-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/montana-paradise-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" moonflower,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""perennial-wildflowers"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/moonflower-seeds-2.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/moonflower-seeds-16.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/moonflower-seeds-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/moonflower-seeds-4.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/moonflower-seeds-17.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/moonflower-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/moonflower-seeds-2.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/moonflower-seeds-16.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/moonflower-seeds-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/moonflower-seeds-4.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/moonflower-seeds-17.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/moonflower-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/annual-low-grow-wildflower-seed-mix-32.gif"",""height"":""0"",""width"":""0""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/annual-low-grow-wildflower-seed-mix-33.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/annual-low-grow-wildflower-seed-mix-34.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""cardinal-flower"",""great-white-trillium-seed"",""common-lavender""]}]}" 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To find the square footage of any square or rectangular area, simply multiply the length in feet times the width in feet. For example, a border 50 feet long and 10 feet wide is 500 sq. ft. in area (50 X 10 = 500). For a circle, the area is equal to “pi” r squared, or pi (3.1) times the radius of your circle, squared. If your circle is 20 feet across, its radius is half of that or 10 ft. So to get the square footage of the circle: 3.1 X 10 X 10 = 310 sq. ft. The amount of seed you should plant depends on the flower display you want. Most usually want dense or maximum bloom. All mixtures are pure wildflower seed, no fillers or grasses. The denser you sow your wildflower area with seed, the more you will hold out the weeds and grasses. Just be sure not to over seed, so your wildflowers do not compete with themselves for space!\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 oz. up 100 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 2,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 10,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 20,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX. DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE!\n\nNote: If you have a large site, from ½ acre to several acres, your planting rate may be affected by land conditions. If you have heavy weeds on the site now, some erosion, generally poor soil, or other land problems, additional seed is usually the most economical solution. If your site does have these types of problems and you want to build in some assurance of full coverage, use a per pound coverage rate of 1000 sq ft. We usually suggest 50 lbs. per acre.\n\nWhere to Plant: Unless you are planting our Partial Shade Mix or Woodland Species, choose a spot with as much sun as possible. We consider full sun at least 6 hours daily.  For wildflowers, full sun is best. Most all soils are acceptable -- if any plant has grown in the spot, it should support wildflowers, which are tough and will adapt to the soil you provide for them.\n\n When to Plant: The optimum time to plant wildflower seed in your area depends on your climate and rainfall patterns, as well as the species you are planting.  In cooler climates; plant annuals, perennials or mixtures of annuals and perennials in spring, early summer or late fall. In milder or warm climates; plant wildflower seed during the cooler months of the year, fall through spring.  Perennials can be sown spring, summer and fall. If planting perennials late summer be sure to allow 10 weeks growing time before plants go dormant for the winter months. Spring planting: when there is no further chance of a killing frost, meaning that your night time temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and above. Summer plantings: annuals or mixes containing annuals can be planted through mid-summer. Depending on your climate you want to insure that you have enough time to enjoy all the annuals in your growing season. Perennials can be planted through the summer up until 10 weeks before your cold weather sets in. Fall plantings: in areas with freezing weather, a fall planting must be after a killing frost when your daytime temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and below but before the ground freezes. In other words, when you are sure cold weather has set in. Killing frosts usually happen at 28 degrees Fahrenheit. Fall plantings in cooler climates are dormant plantings and should be late enough so that the ground temperature is low but the ground is not yet frozen. Seeds must remain dormant – the seeds will germinate in spring. In areas of no frost, plant as your rainy season begins.  It is never too late to plant – just ask us for details on how and what to plant! Click here to read more about Fall planting!\n\nSoil Preparation: This is the most important step in obtaining success of your wildflower planting, whether it is a small garden or a large meadow. Remove all existing growth, either by hand , roto-tilling, rough or power raking. Till only deep enough to remove all old roots. Deep tilling may bring up dormant weed seeds lying beneath which will compete with your flowers. If you want to be sure your soil is weed seed free, youll have to till, wait for the crop of new weeds to grow, usually one to three weeks and then do one of two things; kill them down with one of the safe, non-residual method of using white vinegar; or to till again as in step one. If you use the vinegar method, then once the weeds are dead, rake them out and seed your wildflowers without roto-tilling again. If using the roto-till method, you can seed after the second or third tilling. For those of you that wish to use an herbicide, please read the label for any detrimental effects it may cause. If you choose to use this, use the same steps as if using the vinegar.\n\n About Fertilizer: When you choose to plant wildflowers there is usually minimal weeding done…and fertilizer will encourage the weeds and grasses. Fertilizer is not necessary for a great wildflower garden or meadow. (No one fertilizes in the wild or along roadsides), but if you want this extra boost for your flowers, fertilize only where you are willing to weed.\n\nSowing: Once your soil is prepared and free of previous growth, it’s important to sow immediately. (If you let time go by between preparation and spreading your seed, you’re giving possible weeds an advantage over your wildflower seed). You can use a hand crank seed sower, but most simply scatter the seed by hand. If you want to be sure to get good, even coverage, divide your seed into two roughly equal parts, in two buckets or cans. Then add clean sandbox sand to both halves, roughly 4-5 parts of sand to 1 part of seed. The sand does two things: It “dilutes” the seed, making it easier to sow evenly, and since it’s light-colored, it shows you “where you’ve been” on the dark soil as you go. Next, sow one bucket’s mix over your whole area. Then go back in the opposite direction and do the same with the second bucket. This way, you should have even spreading and no bare spots. Once seed is sown, do not rake or cover it in any way. If you can, use a lawn roller or lay down a large board and walk on it to compress (squash down) the seed into the bare soil. Remember, some of the seed you’re sowing is tiny; even the lightest covering of soil can stop it from germinating. Keep your new seedbed moist until seedlings are about 6-8” tall. After that, they should be self- sufficient; however watering during droughts will keep your flowers blooming.\n\n Know your Annuals, Perennials, Biennials: If you are planting one of our regional mixes, your seed is approximately 50% wild annuals, which will bloom the first year, and 50% wild perennials, which won’t bloom until the second year. The annuals are quick-growing, quick-blooming and will bloom for months, and then die with a killing frost. Most do reseed, but the seed must fall on bare ground to re-grow the next spring. Perennials are the flowers that “come back every year” from the same roots, forming expanding clumps in your meadow over the years. Biennials bloom the second year, and are killed by that year’s frost. However, they are heavy re-seeders, and usually reappear in the meadow.\n\nMaintenance: The amount of work you want to put into your meadow area is up to you. The only requirement is a once-a-year mowing in the fall after killing frosts—to disperse seed and to keep down brushy growth. Another good practice is to identify areas that have become weak or weed-filled, and to reseed those spots, the same way you repair bare spots in a lawn. Once you are able to identify weeds, hand pulling is a viable method of control for the small to medium garden. Any weed that you can pull will constitute to the success of your garden for years. One weed can disperse thousands of seeds, so get ‘em out of there if you can. If you have a large planting and you notice an area of weeds, then the above method of re-tilling and re-seeding that area is your way to obtain maximum success.\n\n Be Patient and Enjoy! Be patient while your garden or meadow establishes but once it has you’ll notice small wildlife, many birds, butterflies and other insects that are attracted to your wild garden; observing these visitors is one of the greatest pleasures of growing wildflowers. Mow paths through your meadow, put in benches and bird-feeders, and enjoy it all for years to come.\n\n
Common Questions
\n

How do I kill the Grass in my wildflower area?

\nContact Us for Suggestions!\n\n

What can I plant for the honey bees, butterflies etc.?

\nAll wildflowers are beneficial but we recommend our Deluxe Mix which has everything for everybody or our Hummingbird/Butterfly or Nature’s Choice Mix!\n\n

Can I grow wildflowers in full shade?

\nThe technical answer is no, all wildflowers need some sort of light. There is one wildflower that will do well in complete shade, Forget-me-not and you can also use our Woodland or Hand Gathered and Rare species. Call or e-mail us for advice.\n\n

Is the Queen Anne’s Lace you sell invasive?

\nNO, absolutely not. We do not sell invasive species. The Queen Anne’s Lace we sell is the annual, (Ammi majus) and not the invasive, Daucus Caroata.\n\n

Can I use more than one mix in the same area?

\nYes, mix and match away! You can also mix mixes together or add additional species - the creativity is endless!\n\n

When Should I Plant?

\nIn Spring, Summer or Fall; see above for complete info!\n\n

How do I store my seeds?

\nStore seeds in a cool and dry place. If stored properly seeds are viable for years!\n\n

What’s better - A Fall or Spring seeding?

\nSome only believe in a Spring seeding while others only believe in a Fall Seeding. At the Farm, we seed Spring, Summer and Fall in order to take advantage of the entire growing season!\n\n

Can I order now and have you ship later?

\nYes, we ship when you want to - just let us know when -  we’re at your service!\n\n

Should I add anything to my soil?

\nTechnically, no - but some may need to add lime, fertilizer, gypsum or other additives. (Contact us for details)\n\n

How often should I water?

\nOnce germination happens, keep moist until seedlings are 6-8” tall - you may need to water every other day unless Mother Nature is providing the rain.\n\n

Can I transplant my wildflowers?

\nMost wildflowers do not like transplanting - so plant your seeds where you want to see them grow!
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mystery-bag-tulips,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/mystery-bag-of-tulips-11.gif"",""height"":""238"",""width"":""238""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/mystery-bag-of-tulips-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/mystery-bag-of-tulips-14.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/mystery-bag-of-tulips-11.gif"",""height"":""238"",""width"":""238""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/mystery-bag-of-tulips-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/mystery-bag-of-tulips-14.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" seedling29,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""wildflower-seedlings"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-13.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-17.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-18.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-13.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-17.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-18.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" flower44,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""wildflowers-in-bloom"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-14.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-19.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-14.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-19.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-8.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" nasturtium,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""wildflower-seed-individual-species"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-seeds-31.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-seeds-45.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-seeds-36.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-seeds-4.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-seeds-46.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-seeds-47.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-seeds-31.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-seeds-45.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-seeds-36.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-seeds-4.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-seeds-46.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-seeds-47.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-seeds-48.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-seeds-49.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nasturtium-seeds-50.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""five-spot"",""love-in-a-mist"",""zinnia-color-mix""]}]}" audubon-guide-to-wildflowers-eastern,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""buy-1-get-1-free-deals"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/national-audubon-society-field-guide-to-north-american-wildflowers-eastern-region-11.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/national-audubon-society-field-guide-to-north-american-wildflowers-eastern-region-22.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/national-audubon-society-field-guide-to-north-american-wildflowers-eastern-region-15.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/national-audubon-society-field-guide-to-north-american-wildflowers-eastern-region-11.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/national-audubon-society-field-guide-to-north-american-wildflowers-eastern-region-22.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/national-audubon-society-field-guide-to-north-american-wildflowers-eastern-region-15.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""go-wild-special-edition-seed-mix"",""cottage-garden-mix"",""simply-wildflowers-packet""]}]}" native-grass-seed-mix,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""grass-seed-mixes"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""
What's in the Mix?
\nSchizachyrium scoparium (Little Bluestem)\nAndropogon gerardii 'Niagra' (Big Bluestem 'Niagra')\nElymus virginicus (Virginia Wildrye)\nTridens flavus (Purpletop)\nPanicum virgatum 'Shawnee' (Switchgrass 'Shawnee')\nAgrostis perennans (Autumn Bentgrass)\n\nSeeding Rate: 10-15lbs. per acre or 1lb. per 2,000 sq. ft.\n\n\nSHIPPING and HANDLING CHARGES:\n(For U.S. Only)\n\n

Standard Processing & Shipping (Processed within 72 Hours)

\nOrders of $39 or More! = FREE\n Just $5.95 for orders of $38.99 or Less!\n\n

Priority Processing & Shipping (Processed within 48 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $9.95\n\n

Expedited Processing & Shipping (Processed within 24 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $16.95\n\n

Express, Next Day Etc.

\nPlease Phone or E-mail Customer Service"",""tab-3-content"":""Grasses are used for conservation, erosion control, creating natural areas and for wildlife habitats. Planting native grasses has become increasingly popular over the last few years as they have low environmental impact. You can also use some grasses like rye as a green manure over the winter months to repair or rectify your soil. Farmers have done this for years.\n\nPreparation:\nPrepare the area where you would like to plant native grass seed as you would for a wildflower seed mix. Remove all existing growth, either by hand, roto-tilling, rough or power raking. Till only deep enough to remove all old roots. Deep tilling may bring up dormant weed seeds lying beneath which will compete with the new seed you wish to sow. If you want to be sure your soil is weed seed free, youll have to till, wait for the crop of new weeds to grow, usually one to three weeks and then do one of two things; kill them down with one of the safe, non-residual herbicides such as Round-up or to till again as in step one. If you use the herbicide method, then once the weeds are dead, rake them out and seed without roto-tilling again. If using the roto-till method, you can seed after the second or third tilling.\n\nSowing:\nOnce your soil is prepared and free of previous growth, its important to sow immediately. (If you let time go by between preparation and spreading your seed, youre giving possible weeds an advantage over the new seed you wish to sow. You can use a hand crank seed sower, but most simply scatter the seed by hand. Put your grass seed into two buckets; add in any wildflower seed and some sand. Usually 4 parts sand to 1 part seed. The sand does two things: It dilutes the seed, making it easier to sow evenly, and since its light-colored, it shows you where youve been on the dark soil as you go. Next, sow one buckets mix over your whole area. Then go back in the opposite direction and do the same with the second bucket. This way, you should have even spreading and no bare spots. Once seed is sown, be sure you have a good seed to soil contact. If you can, use a lawn roller or lay down a large board and walk on it to compress (squash down) the seed into the bare soil. If strictly sowing a grass mixture or an individual grass species, you can lightly rake in or cover your grass seed lightly.\n\nWatering: Keep your new area watered for the first month or two and then it should be self-sufficient unless you are having a drought.\n\n\n

What in the World is Green Manure or Cover Crops and Why Should I Care?

\nGreen manure crops may include legumes such as cowpeas, soybeans, annual sweet clover, vetch, etc. as well as non-leguminous crops such as sudangrass, millet, sorghum, and buckwheat. Legumes are often used as green manure crops for their nitrogen fixing abilities, while non-leguminous crops are used primarily for weed suppression and addition of biomass to the soil. Green manures usually perform multiple functions that include soil improvement and soil protection: Incorporation of cover crops into the soil is immediately followed by an increase in abundance of soil microorganisms that aid in the decomposition of this fresh material. The degradation of plant material allows the nutrients held within the green manure to be released and made available to the succeeding crop. This additional decomposition also allows for the re-incorporation of nutrients that are found in the soil in a particular form such as nitrogen, potassium , phosphorus , calcium , magnesium , and sulfur. Microbial activity in the soil also leads to the formation of mycelium and viscous materials which benefit the health of the soil by increasing its soil structure (i.e. by aggregation). Soil that is well- aggregated has increased aeration and water infiltration rates, and is more easily turned or tilled than non- aggregated soil. Further aeration of the soil results from the ability of the root systems of many green manure crops to efficiently penetrate compact soils. The amount of humus found in the soil also increases with higher rates of decomposition, which is beneficial for the growth of the crop succeeding the green manure crop. Green manure crops are also useful for weed control, erosion prevention, and reduction of insect pests and diseases. The deep rooting properties of many green manure crops make them efficient at suppressing weed. Green manure crops often provide habitat for many native pollinators as well as predatory beneficial insects, which allow for a reduction in the input of insecticides where cover crops are planted. Some green manures are also successful at suppressing plant diseases. Incorporation of green manures into a farming system can drastically reduce, if not eliminate, the need for additional products such as supplemental fertilizers and pesticides. Organic farming also relies on soil health and cycling of nutrients through the soil using natural processes. Green manures perform the vital function of fertilization, in concert with the addition of animal manures if those are used. Green manure also brings other organic advantages with it depending upon the plant type used. Buckwheat, for example, prevents the spread of weeds, and Winter wheat and Winter rye can also be used for grazing.\n\n\n

Planting a Cover Crop or Green Manure Crop?

\n\nWhen Do I Plant?\nPlant in Spring/Early Summer or Fall\n\nHow Do I Plant?\nSame as the instructions above.\n\nWhat is the Next Step?\nSome of your cover crops may slow their growth in cold temps but will re-start again in early spring. In mid-late spring, mow down your cover crops before they go to seed and then rototill them into the soil in preparation for new garden areas. You will need to wait about 3-5 weeks after tilling before you plant anything new in this area. As most cover crops or green manures add beneficial nutrients to the soil, this allows the nutrients added to be released into the soil and some of them like rye which keep down other seeds (like weeds) from germinating will no longer be present in the soil after a few weeks. After you wait this time amount, go ahead and plant your new areas according to the proper instructions for what you are planting."",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-2.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""400""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-22.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-4.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-23.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-24.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-2.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""400""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-22.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-4.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-23.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-24.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-25.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-26.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-27.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset3"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-28.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset3-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-29.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset3-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-30.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset4"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-31.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset4-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-32.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset4-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-grass-seed-mix-33.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""no-mow-grass-seed-mix"",""conservation-grass-seed-mix"",""conservation-shade-mix""]}]}" native-perennial-pollinator-field-mix,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""native-mixes"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""
Whats in the Mix? Contains 28 Native Perennial Wildflowers & Grasses
\nSchizachyrium scoparium (Little Bluestem)\nElymus virginicus (Virginia Wildrye)\nSorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)\nPanicum clandestinum, 'Tioga' (Deertongue, Tioga)\nTridens flavus (Purpletop)\nChamaecrista fasciculata (Partridge Pea)\nAsclepias tuberosa (Butterfly Weed)\nCoreopsis lanceolata (Lanceleaf Coreopsis) \nEchinacea purpurea (Purple Coneflower) \nRudbeckia hirta (Black-Eyed Susan) \nVerbena hastata (Blue Vervain) \nPenstemon digitalis (Tall White Beardtongue) \nAsclepias incarnata (Swamp Milkweed) \nLiatris spicata (Blazing Star) \nAster novae-angliae (New England Aster) \nAster laevis Smooth Blue Aster) \nGeum canadense (White Avens) \nSenna hebecarpa (Wild Senna) \nZizia aurea (Golden Alexanders) \nBaptisia australis (Blue False Indigo) \nMonarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot) \nAsclepias syriaca (Common Milkweed) \nEupatorium perfoliatum (Boneset) \nLespedeza capitata (Roundhead Lespedeza) \nPycnanthemum tenuifolium (Narrowleaf Mountain Mint) \nTradescantia ohiensis (Ohio Spiderwort) \nEupatorium fistulosum (Joe Pye Weed) \nEupatorium rugosum (White Snakeroot) \n\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE.\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 oz. up 100 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 2,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 10,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 20,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\n\n\nSHIPPING and HANDLING CHARGES:\n(For U.S. Only)\n\n

Standard Processing & Shipping (Processed within 72 Hours)

\nOrders of $39 or More! = FREE\n Just $5.95 for orders of $38.99 or Less!\n\n

Priority Processing & Shipping (Processed within 48 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $9.95\n\n

Expedited Processing & Shipping (Processed within 24 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $16.95\n\n

Express, Next Day Etc.

\nPlease Phone or E-mail Customer Service\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
Detailed Instructions
\n\nHow Much Seed Do I Need?\nIn planning a wildflower meadow or garden, first you need to choose your site and estimate the square footage of the area. To find the square footage of any square or rectangular area, simply multiply the length in feet times the width in feet. For example, a border 50 feet long and 10 feet wide is 500 sq. ft. in area (50 X 10 = 500). For a circle, the area is equal to “pi” r squared, or pi (3.1) times the radius of your circle, squared. If your circle is 20 feet across, its radius is half of that or 10 ft. So to get the square footage of the circle: 3.1 X 10 X 10 = 310 sq. ft. The amount of seed you should plant depends on the flower display you want. Most usually want dense or maximum bloom. All mixtures are pure wildflower seed, no fillers or grasses. The denser you sow your wildflower area with seed, the more you will hold out the weeds and grasses. Just be sure not to over seed, so your wildflowers do not compete with themselves for space!\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 oz. up 100 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 2,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 10,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 20,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX. DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE!\n\nNote: If you have a large site, from ½ acre to several acres, your planting rate may be affected by land conditions. If you have heavy weeds on the site now, some erosion, generally poor soil, or other land problems, additional seed is usually the most economical solution. If your site does have these types of problems and you want to build in some assurance of full coverage, use a per pound coverage rate of 1000 sq ft. We usually suggest 50 lbs. per acre.\n\nWhere to Plant: Unless you are planting our Partial Shade Mix or Woodland Species, choose a spot with as much sun as possible. We consider full sun at least 6 hours daily.  For wildflowers, full sun is best. Most all soils are acceptable -- if any plant has grown in the spot, it should support wildflowers, which are tough and will adapt to the soil you provide for them.\n\n When to Plant: The optimum time to plant wildflower seed in your area depends on your climate and rainfall patterns, as well as the species you are planting.  In cooler climates; plant annuals, perennials or mixtures of annuals and perennials in spring, early summer or late fall. In milder or warm climates; plant wildflower seed during the cooler months of the year, fall through spring.  Perennials can be sown spring, summer and fall. If planting perennials late summer be sure to allow 10 weeks growing time before plants go dormant for the winter months. Spring planting: when there is no further chance of a killing frost, meaning that your night time temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and above. Summer plantings: annuals or mixes containing annuals can be planted through mid-summer. Depending on your climate you want to insure that you have enough time to enjoy all the annuals in your growing season. Perennials can be planted through the summer up until 10 weeks before your cold weather sets in. Fall plantings: in areas with freezing weather, a fall planting must be after a killing frost when your daytime temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and below but before the ground freezes. In other words, when you are sure cold weather has set in. Killing frosts usually happen at 28 degrees Fahrenheit. Fall plantings in cooler climates are dormant plantings and should be late enough so that the ground temperature is low but the ground is not yet frozen. Seeds must remain dormant – the seeds will germinate in spring. In areas of no frost, plant as your rainy season begins.  It is never too late to plant – just ask us for details on how and what to plant! Click here to read more about Fall planting!\n\nSoil Preparation: This is the most important step in obtaining success of your wildflower planting, whether it is a small garden or a large meadow. Remove all existing growth, either by hand , roto-tilling, rough or power raking. Till only deep enough to remove all old roots. Deep tilling may bring up dormant weed seeds lying beneath which will compete with your flowers. If you want to be sure your soil is weed seed free, youll have to till, wait for the crop of new weeds to grow, usually one to three weeks and then do one of two things; kill them down with one of the safe, non-residual method of using white vinegar; or to till again as in step one. If you use the vinegar method, then once the weeds are dead, rake them out and seed your wildflowers without roto-tilling again. If using the roto-till method, you can seed after the second or third tilling. For those of you that wish to use an herbicide, please read the label for any detrimental effects it may cause. If you choose to use this, use the same steps as if using the vinegar.\n\n About Fertilizer: When you choose to plant wildflowers there is usually minimal weeding done…and fertilizer will encourage the weeds and grasses. Fertilizer is not necessary for a great wildflower garden or meadow. (No one fertilizes in the wild or along roadsides), but if you want this extra boost for your flowers, fertilize only where you are willing to weed.\n\nSowing: Once your soil is prepared and free of previous growth, it’s important to sow immediately. (If you let time go by between preparation and spreading your seed, you’re giving possible weeds an advantage over your wildflower seed). You can use a hand crank seed sower, but most simply scatter the seed by hand. If you want to be sure to get good, even coverage, divide your seed into two roughly equal parts, in two buckets or cans. Then add clean sandbox sand to both halves, roughly 4-5 parts of sand to 1 part of seed. The sand does two things: It “dilutes” the seed, making it easier to sow evenly, and since it’s light-colored, it shows you “where you’ve been” on the dark soil as you go. Next, sow one bucket’s mix over your whole area. Then go back in the opposite direction and do the same with the second bucket. This way, you should have even spreading and no bare spots. Once seed is sown, do not rake or cover it in any way. If you can, use a lawn roller or lay down a large board and walk on it to compress (squash down) the seed into the bare soil. Remember, some of the seed you’re sowing is tiny; even the lightest covering of soil can stop it from germinating. Keep your new seedbed moist until seedlings are about 6-8” tall. After that, they should be self- sufficient; however watering during droughts will keep your flowers blooming.\n\n Know your Annuals, Perennials, Biennials: If you are planting one of our regional mixes, your seed is approximately 50% wild annuals, which will bloom the first year, and 50% wild perennials, which won’t bloom until the second year. The annuals are quick-growing, quick-blooming and will bloom for months, and then die with a killing frost. Most do reseed, but the seed must fall on bare ground to re-grow the next spring. Perennials are the flowers that “come back every year” from the same roots, forming expanding clumps in your meadow over the years. Biennials bloom the second year, and are killed by that year’s frost. However, they are heavy re-seeders, and usually reappear in the meadow.\n\nMaintenance: The amount of work you want to put into your meadow area is up to you. The only requirement is a once-a-year mowing in the fall after killing frosts—to disperse seed and to keep down brushy growth. Another good practice is to identify areas that have become weak or weed-filled, and to reseed those spots, the same way you repair bare spots in a lawn. Once you are able to identify weeds, hand pulling is a viable method of control for the small to medium garden. Any weed that you can pull will constitute to the success of your garden for years. One weed can disperse thousands of seeds, so get ‘em out of there if you can. If you have a large planting and you notice an area of weeds, then the above method of re-tilling and re-seeding that area is your way to obtain maximum success.\n\n Be Patient and Enjoy! Be patient while your garden or meadow establishes but once it has you’ll notice small wildlife, many birds, butterflies and other insects that are attracted to your wild garden; observing these visitors is one of the greatest pleasures of growing wildflowers. Mow paths through your meadow, put in benches and bird-feeders, and enjoy it all for years to come.\n\n
Common Questions
\n

How do I kill the Grass in my wildflower area?

\nContact Us for Suggestions!\n\n

What can I plant for the honey bees, butterflies etc.?

\nAll wildflowers are beneficial but we recommend our Deluxe Mix which has everything for everybody or our Hummingbird/Butterfly or Nature’s Choice Mix!\n\n

Can I grow wildflowers in full shade?

\nThe technical answer is no, all wildflowers need some sort of light. There is one wildflower that will do well in complete shade, Forget-me-not and you can also use our Woodland or Hand Gathered and Rare species. Call or e-mail us for advice.\n\n

Is the Queen Anne’s Lace you sell invasive?

\nNO, absolutely not. We do not sell invasive species. The Queen Anne’s Lace we sell is the annual, (Ammi majus) and not the invasive, Daucus Caroata.\n\n

Can I use more than one mix in the same area?

\nYes, mix and match away! You can also mix mixes together or add additional species - the creativity is endless!\n\n

When Should I Plant?

\nIn Spring, Summer or Fall; see above for complete info!\n\n

How do I store my seeds?

\nStore seeds in a cool and dry place. If stored properly seeds are viable for years!\n\n

What’s better - A Fall or Spring seeding?

\nSome only believe in a Spring seeding while others only believe in a Fall Seeding. At the Farm, we seed Spring, Summer and Fall in order to take advantage of the entire growing season!\n\n

Can I order now and have you ship later?

\nYes, we ship when you want to - just let us know when -  we’re at your service!\n\n

Should I add anything to my soil?

\nTechnically, no - but some may need to add lime, fertilizer, gypsum or other additives. (Contact us for details)\n\n

How often should I water?

\nOnce germination happens, keep moist until seedlings are 6-8” tall - you may need to water every other day unless Mother Nature is providing the rain.\n\n

Can I transplant my wildflowers?

\nMost wildflowers do not like transplanting - so plant your seeds where you want to see them grow!
\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-perennial-pollinator-field-mix-12.gif"",""height"":""1024"",""width"":""1024""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-perennial-pollinator-wildflower-grass-seed-mix-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-perennial-pollinator-field-mix-15.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-perennial-pollinator-field-mix-12.gif"",""height"":""1024"",""width"":""1024""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-perennial-pollinator-wildflower-grass-seed-mix-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-perennial-pollinator-field-mix-15.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""northeast-native-mix"",""midwest-native-mix"",""southeast-native-mix""]}]}" native-perennial-pollinator-mix,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""native-mixes"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""
Whats in the Mix? Contains 22 Native Perennial Wildflowers
\nCoreopsis lanceolata (Lanceleaf Coreopsis)\nAsclepias tuberosa (Butterfly Weed)\nEchinacea purpurea (Purple Coneflower)\nPenstemon digitalis (Tall White Beardtongue)\nRudbeckia hirta (Blackeyed Susan)\nChamaecrista fasciculata (Partridge Pea)\nVerbena hastata (Blue Vervain)\nAster laevis (Smooth Blue Aster)\nLiatris spicata (Blazing Star)\nAsclepias incarnata (Swamp Milkweed)\nAster novae-angliae (New England Aster)\nSenna hebecarpa (Wild Senna)\nTradescantia ohiensis (Ohio Spiderwort)\nZizia aurea (Golden Alexanders)\nMonarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot)\nGeum canadense (White Avens)\nPycnanthemum tenuifolium (Narrowleaf Mountain Mint)\nBaptisia australis (Blue False Indigo)\nLespedeza capitata (Roundhead Lespedeza)\nEupatorium perfoliatum (Boneset)\nEupatorium fistulosum (Joe Pye Weed)\nEupatorium rugosum (White Snakeroot)\n\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE.\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 oz. up 100 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 2,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 10,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 20,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\n\n\nSHIPPING and HANDLING CHARGES:\n(For U.S. Only)\n\n

Standard Processing & Shipping (Processed within 72 Hours)

\nOrders of $39 or More! = FREE\n Just $5.95 for orders of $38.99 or Less!\n\n

Priority Processing & Shipping (Processed within 48 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $9.95\n\n

Expedited Processing & Shipping (Processed within 24 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $16.95\n\n

Express, Next Day Etc.

\nPlease Phone or E-mail Customer Service\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
Detailed Instructions
\n\nHow Much Seed Do I Need?\nIn planning a wildflower meadow or garden, first you need to choose your site and estimate the square footage of the area. To find the square footage of any square or rectangular area, simply multiply the length in feet times the width in feet. For example, a border 50 feet long and 10 feet wide is 500 sq. ft. in area (50 X 10 = 500). For a circle, the area is equal to “pi” r squared, or pi (3.1) times the radius of your circle, squared. If your circle is 20 feet across, its radius is half of that or 10 ft. So to get the square footage of the circle: 3.1 X 10 X 10 = 310 sq. ft. The amount of seed you should plant depends on the flower display you want. Most usually want dense or maximum bloom. All mixtures are pure wildflower seed, no fillers or grasses. The denser you sow your wildflower area with seed, the more you will hold out the weeds and grasses. Just be sure not to over seed, so your wildflowers do not compete with themselves for space!\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 oz. up 100 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 2,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 10,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 20,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX. DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE!\n\nNote: If you have a large site, from ½ acre to several acres, your planting rate may be affected by land conditions. If you have heavy weeds on the site now, some erosion, generally poor soil, or other land problems, additional seed is usually the most economical solution. If your site does have these types of problems and you want to build in some assurance of full coverage, use a per pound coverage rate of 1000 sq ft. We usually suggest 50 lbs. per acre.\n\nWhere to Plant: Unless you are planting our Partial Shade Mix or Woodland Species, choose a spot with as much sun as possible. We consider full sun at least 6 hours daily.  For wildflowers, full sun is best. Most all soils are acceptable -- if any plant has grown in the spot, it should support wildflowers, which are tough and will adapt to the soil you provide for them.\n\n When to Plant: The optimum time to plant wildflower seed in your area depends on your climate and rainfall patterns, as well as the species you are planting.  In cooler climates; plant annuals, perennials or mixtures of annuals and perennials in spring, early summer or late fall. In milder or warm climates; plant wildflower seed during the cooler months of the year, fall through spring.  Perennials can be sown spring, summer and fall. If planting perennials late summer be sure to allow 10 weeks growing time before plants go dormant for the winter months. Spring planting: when there is no further chance of a killing frost, meaning that your night time temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and above. Summer plantings: annuals or mixes containing annuals can be planted through mid-summer. Depending on your climate you want to insure that you have enough time to enjoy all the annuals in your growing season. Perennials can be planted through the summer up until 10 weeks before your cold weather sets in. Fall plantings: in areas with freezing weather, a fall planting must be after a killing frost when your daytime temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and below but before the ground freezes. In other words, when you are sure cold weather has set in. Killing frosts usually happen at 28 degrees Fahrenheit. Fall plantings in cooler climates are dormant plantings and should be late enough so that the ground temperature is low but the ground is not yet frozen. Seeds must remain dormant – the seeds will germinate in spring. In areas of no frost, plant as your rainy season begins.  It is never too late to plant – just ask us for details on how and what to plant! Click here to read more about Fall planting!\n\nSoil Preparation: This is the most important step in obtaining success of your wildflower planting, whether it is a small garden or a large meadow. Remove all existing growth, either by hand , roto-tilling, rough or power raking. Till only deep enough to remove all old roots. Deep tilling may bring up dormant weed seeds lying beneath which will compete with your flowers. If you want to be sure your soil is weed seed free, youll have to till, wait for the crop of new weeds to grow, usually one to three weeks and then do one of two things; kill them down with one of the safe, non-residual method of using white vinegar; or to till again as in step one. If you use the vinegar method, then once the weeds are dead, rake them out and seed your wildflowers without roto-tilling again. If using the roto-till method, you can seed after the second or third tilling. For those of you that wish to use an herbicide, please read the label for any detrimental effects it may cause. If you choose to use this, use the same steps as if using the vinegar.\n\n About Fertilizer: When you choose to plant wildflowers there is usually minimal weeding done…and fertilizer will encourage the weeds and grasses. Fertilizer is not necessary for a great wildflower garden or meadow. (No one fertilizes in the wild or along roadsides), but if you want this extra boost for your flowers, fertilize only where you are willing to weed.\n\nSowing: Once your soil is prepared and free of previous growth, it’s important to sow immediately. (If you let time go by between preparation and spreading your seed, you’re giving possible weeds an advantage over your wildflower seed). You can use a hand crank seed sower, but most simply scatter the seed by hand. If you want to be sure to get good, even coverage, divide your seed into two roughly equal parts, in two buckets or cans. Then add clean sandbox sand to both halves, roughly 4-5 parts of sand to 1 part of seed. The sand does two things: It “dilutes” the seed, making it easier to sow evenly, and since it’s light-colored, it shows you “where you’ve been” on the dark soil as you go. Next, sow one bucket’s mix over your whole area. Then go back in the opposite direction and do the same with the second bucket. This way, you should have even spreading and no bare spots. Once seed is sown, do not rake or cover it in any way. If you can, use a lawn roller or lay down a large board and walk on it to compress (squash down) the seed into the bare soil. Remember, some of the seed you’re sowing is tiny; even the lightest covering of soil can stop it from germinating. Keep your new seedbed moist until seedlings are about 6-8” tall. After that, they should be self- sufficient; however watering during droughts will keep your flowers blooming.\n\n Know your Annuals, Perennials, Biennials: If you are planting one of our regional mixes, your seed is approximately 50% wild annuals, which will bloom the first year, and 50% wild perennials, which won’t bloom until the second year. The annuals are quick-growing, quick-blooming and will bloom for months, and then die with a killing frost. Most do reseed, but the seed must fall on bare ground to re-grow the next spring. Perennials are the flowers that “come back every year” from the same roots, forming expanding clumps in your meadow over the years. Biennials bloom the second year, and are killed by that year’s frost. However, they are heavy re-seeders, and usually reappear in the meadow.\n\nMaintenance: The amount of work you want to put into your meadow area is up to you. The only requirement is a once-a-year mowing in the fall after killing frosts—to disperse seed and to keep down brushy growth. Another good practice is to identify areas that have become weak or weed-filled, and to reseed those spots, the same way you repair bare spots in a lawn. Once you are able to identify weeds, hand pulling is a viable method of control for the small to medium garden. Any weed that you can pull will constitute to the success of your garden for years. One weed can disperse thousands of seeds, so get ‘em out of there if you can. If you have a large planting and you notice an area of weeds, then the above method of re-tilling and re-seeding that area is your way to obtain maximum success.\n\n Be Patient and Enjoy! Be patient while your garden or meadow establishes but once it has you’ll notice small wildlife, many birds, butterflies and other insects that are attracted to your wild garden; observing these visitors is one of the greatest pleasures of growing wildflowers. Mow paths through your meadow, put in benches and bird-feeders, and enjoy it all for years to come.\n\n
Common Questions
\n

How do I kill the Grass in my wildflower area?

\nContact Us for Suggestions!\n\n

What can I plant for the honey bees, butterflies etc.?

\nAll wildflowers are beneficial but we recommend our Deluxe Mix which has everything for everybody or our Hummingbird/Butterfly or Nature’s Choice Mix!\n\n

Can I grow wildflowers in full shade?

\nThe technical answer is no, all wildflowers need some sort of light. There is one wildflower that will do well in complete shade, Forget-me-not and you can also use our Woodland or Hand Gathered and Rare species. Call or e-mail us for advice.\n\n

Is the Queen Anne’s Lace you sell invasive?

\nNO, absolutely not. We do not sell invasive species. The Queen Anne’s Lace we sell is the annual, (Ammi majus) and not the invasive, Daucus Caroata.\n\n

Can I use more than one mix in the same area?

\nYes, mix and match away! You can also mix mixes together or add additional species - the creativity is endless!\n\n

When Should I Plant?

\nIn Spring, Summer or Fall; see above for complete info!\n\n

How do I store my seeds?

\nStore seeds in a cool and dry place. If stored properly seeds are viable for years!\n\n

What’s better - A Fall or Spring seeding?

\nSome only believe in a Spring seeding while others only believe in a Fall Seeding. At the Farm, we seed Spring, Summer and Fall in order to take advantage of the entire growing season!\n\n

Can I order now and have you ship later?

\nYes, we ship when you want to - just let us know when -  we’re at your service!\n\n

Should I add anything to my soil?

\nTechnically, no - but some may need to add lime, fertilizer, gypsum or other additives. (Contact us for details)\n\n

How often should I water?

\nOnce germination happens, keep moist until seedlings are 6-8” tall - you may need to water every other day unless Mother Nature is providing the rain.\n\n

Can I transplant my wildflowers?

\nMost wildflowers do not like transplanting - so plant your seeds where you want to see them grow!
\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-perennial-pollinator-mix-5.gif"",""height"":""1024"",""width"":""1024""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-perennial-pollinator-wildflower-seed-mix-8.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-perennial-pollinator-wildflower-seed-mix-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-perennial-pollinator-mix-5.gif"",""height"":""1024"",""width"":""1024""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-perennial-pollinator-wildflower-seed-mix-8.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/native-perennial-pollinator-wildflower-seed-mix-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""northeast-native-mix"",""midwest-native-mix"",""southeast-native-mix""]}]}" perennial-native-mix,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""native-mixes"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""
Whats in the Mix? 16 Native Perennial Wildflowers
\nAgastache foeniculum (Lavender Hyssop)\nLiatris pycnostachya (Thick Gayfeather)\nCoreopsis lanceolata (Lanceleaf Coreopsis)\nAsclepias tuberosa (Butterfly Weed)\nOenothera macrocarpa (Dwarf Evening Primrose)\nEchinacea purpurea (Purple Coneflower)\nPenstemon strictus (Rocky Mountain Penstemon)\nSalvia farinacea (Blue Sage)\nRatibida pinnata (Gray-headed Coneflower)\nLiatris spicata (Blazing Star)\nLinum lewisii (Lewis Flax)\nLupinus perennis (Lupine)\nAquilegia canadensis (Eastern Red Columbine)\nRudbeckia hirta (Black-eyed Susan)\nAster novae-angliae (New England Aster)\nRatibida columnifera (Prairie Coneflower)\n\nNote: Other U.S. Native Wildflower Species may occasionally be substituted if there are low crop yields on any species presently included in this list. This does not happen often. Species we usually use as a substitution are California Poppy, Wild Bergamot, etc.\n\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE.\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 oz. up 100 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 2,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 10,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 20,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\n\n\nSHIPPING and HANDLING CHARGES:\n(For U.S. Only)\n\n

Standard Processing & Shipping (Processed within 72 Hours)

\nOrders of $39 or More! = FREE\n Just $5.95 for orders of $38.99 or Less!\n\n

Priority Processing & Shipping (Processed within 48 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $9.95\n\n

Expedited Processing & Shipping (Processed within 24 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $16.95\n\n

Express, Next Day Etc.

\nPlease Phone or E-mail Customer Service\n\n\n\n\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
Detailed Instructions
\n\nHow Much Seed Do I Need?\nIn planning a wildflower meadow or garden, first you need to choose your site and estimate the square footage of the area. To find the square footage of any square or rectangular area, simply multiply the length in feet times the width in feet. For example, a border 50 feet long and 10 feet wide is 500 sq. ft. in area (50 X 10 = 500). For a circle, the area is equal to “pi” r squared, or pi (3.1) times the radius of your circle, squared. If your circle is 20 feet across, its radius is half of that or 10 ft. So to get the square footage of the circle: 3.1 X 10 X 10 = 310 sq. ft. The amount of seed you should plant depends on the flower display you want. Most usually want dense or maximum bloom. All mixtures are pure wildflower seed, no fillers or grasses. The denser you sow your wildflower area with seed, the more you will hold out the weeds and grasses. Just be sure not to over seed, so your wildflowers do not compete with themselves for space!\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 oz. up 100 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 2,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 10,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 20,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX. DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE!\n\nNote: If you have a large site, from ½ acre to several acres, your planting rate may be affected by land conditions. If you have heavy weeds on the site now, some erosion, generally poor soil, or other land problems, additional seed is usually the most economical solution. If your site does have these types of problems and you want to build in some assurance of full coverage, use a per pound coverage rate of 1000 sq ft. We usually suggest 50 lbs. per acre.\n\nWhere to Plant: Unless you are planting our Partial Shade Mix or Woodland Species, choose a spot with as much sun as possible. We consider full sun at least 6 hours daily.  For wildflowers, full sun is best. Most all soils are acceptable -- if any plant has grown in the spot, it should support wildflowers, which are tough and will adapt to the soil you provide for them.\n\n When to Plant: The optimum time to plant wildflower seed in your area depends on your climate and rainfall patterns, as well as the species you are planting.  In cooler climates; plant annuals, perennials or mixtures of annuals and perennials in spring, early summer or late fall. In milder or warm climates; plant wildflower seed during the cooler months of the year, fall through spring.  Perennials can be sown spring, summer and fall. If planting perennials late summer be sure to allow 10 weeks growing time before plants go dormant for the winter months. Spring planting: when there is no further chance of a killing frost, meaning that your night time temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and above. Summer plantings: annuals or mixes containing annuals can be planted through mid-summer. Depending on your climate you want to insure that you have enough time to enjoy all the annuals in your growing season. Perennials can be planted through the summer up until 10 weeks before your cold weather sets in. Fall plantings: in areas with freezing weather, a fall planting must be after a killing frost when your daytime temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and below but before the ground freezes. In other words, when you are sure cold weather has set in. Killing frosts usually happen at 28 degrees Fahrenheit. Fall plantings in cooler climates are dormant plantings and should be late enough so that the ground temperature is low but the ground is not yet frozen. Seeds must remain dormant – the seeds will germinate in spring. In areas of no frost, plant as your rainy season begins.  It is never too late to plant – just ask us for details on how and what to plant! Click here to read more about Fall planting!\n\nSoil Preparation: This is the most important step in obtaining success of your wildflower planting, whether it is a small garden or a large meadow. Remove all existing growth, either by hand , roto-tilling, rough or power raking. Till only deep enough to remove all old roots. Deep tilling may bring up dormant weed seeds lying beneath which will compete with your flowers. If you want to be sure your soil is weed seed free, youll have to till, wait for the crop of new weeds to grow, usually one to three weeks and then do one of two things; kill them down with one of the safe, non-residual method of using white vinegar; or to till again as in step one. If you use the vinegar method, then once the weeds are dead, rake them out and seed your wildflowers without roto-tilling again. If using the roto-till method, you can seed after the second or third tilling. For those of you that wish to use an herbicide, please read the label for any detrimental effects it may cause. If you choose to use this, use the same steps as if using the vinegar.\n\n About Fertilizer: When you choose to plant wildflowers there is usually minimal weeding done…and fertilizer will encourage the weeds and grasses. Fertilizer is not necessary for a great wildflower garden or meadow. (No one fertilizes in the wild or along roadsides), but if you want this extra boost for your flowers, fertilize only where you are willing to weed.\n\nSowing: Once your soil is prepared and free of previous growth, it’s important to sow immediately. (If you let time go by between preparation and spreading your seed, you’re giving possible weeds an advantage over your wildflower seed). You can use a hand crank seed sower, but most simply scatter the seed by hand. If you want to be sure to get good, even coverage, divide your seed into two roughly equal parts, in two buckets or cans. Then add clean sandbox sand to both halves, roughly 4-5 parts of sand to 1 part of seed. The sand does two things: It “dilutes” the seed, making it easier to sow evenly, and since it’s light-colored, it shows you “where you’ve been” on the dark soil as you go. Next, sow one bucket’s mix over your whole area. Then go back in the opposite direction and do the same with the second bucket. This way, you should have even spreading and no bare spots. Once seed is sown, do not rake or cover it in any way. If you can, use a lawn roller or lay down a large board and walk on it to compress (squash down) the seed into the bare soil. Remember, some of the seed you’re sowing is tiny; even the lightest covering of soil can stop it from germinating. Keep your new seedbed moist until seedlings are about 6-8” tall. After that, they should be self- sufficient; however watering during droughts will keep your flowers blooming.\n\n Know your Annuals, Perennials, Biennials: If you are planting one of our regional mixes, your seed is approximately 50% wild annuals, which will bloom the first year, and 50% wild perennials, which won’t bloom until the second year. The annuals are quick-growing, quick-blooming and will bloom for months, and then die with a killing frost. Most do reseed, but the seed must fall on bare ground to re-grow the next spring. Perennials are the flowers that “come back every year” from the same roots, forming expanding clumps in your meadow over the years. Biennials bloom the second year, and are killed by that year’s frost. However, they are heavy re-seeders, and usually reappear in the meadow.\n\nMaintenance: The amount of work you want to put into your meadow area is up to you. The only requirement is a once-a-year mowing in the fall after killing frosts—to disperse seed and to keep down brushy growth. Another good practice is to identify areas that have become weak or weed-filled, and to reseed those spots, the same way you repair bare spots in a lawn. Once you are able to identify weeds, hand pulling is a viable method of control for the small to medium garden. Any weed that you can pull will constitute to the success of your garden for years. One weed can disperse thousands of seeds, so get ‘em out of there if you can. If you have a large planting and you notice an area of weeds, then the above method of re-tilling and re-seeding that area is your way to obtain maximum success.\n\n Be Patient and Enjoy! Be patient while your garden or meadow establishes but once it has you’ll notice small wildlife, many birds, butterflies and other insects that are attracted to your wild garden; observing these visitors is one of the greatest pleasures of growing wildflowers. Mow paths through your meadow, put in benches and bird-feeders, and enjoy it all for years to come.\n\n
Common Questions
\n

How do I kill the Grass in my wildflower area?

\nContact Us for Suggestions!\n\n

What can I plant for the honey bees, butterflies etc.?

\nAll wildflowers are beneficial but we recommend our Deluxe Mix which has everything for everybody or our Hummingbird/Butterfly or Nature’s Choice Mix!\n\n

Can I grow wildflowers in full shade?

\nThe technical answer is no, all wildflowers need some sort of light. There is one wildflower that will do well in complete shade, Forget-me-not and you can also use our Woodland or Hand Gathered and Rare species. Call or e-mail us for advice.\n\n

Is the Queen Anne’s Lace you sell invasive?

\nNO, absolutely not. We do not sell invasive species. The Queen Anne’s Lace we sell is the annual, (Ammi majus) and not the invasive, Daucus Caroata.\n\n

Can I use more than one mix in the same area?

\nYes, mix and match away! You can also mix mixes together or add additional species - the creativity is endless!\n\n

When Should I Plant?

\nIn Spring, Summer or Fall; see above for complete info!\n\n

How do I store my seeds?

\nStore seeds in a cool and dry place. If stored properly seeds are viable for years!\n\n

What’s better - A Fall or Spring seeding?

\nSome only believe in a Spring seeding while others only believe in a Fall Seeding. At the Farm, we seed Spring, Summer and Fall in order to take advantage of the entire growing season!\n\n

Can I order now and have you ship later?

\nYes, we ship when you want to - just let us know when -  we’re at your service!\n\n

Should I add anything to my soil?

\nTechnically, no - but some may need to add lime, fertilizer, gypsum or other additives. (Contact us for details)\n\n

How often should I water?

\nOnce germination happens, keep moist until seedlings are 6-8” tall - you may need to water every other day unless Mother Nature is providing the rain.\n\n

Can I transplant my wildflowers?

\nMost wildflowers do not like transplanting - so plant your seeds where you want to see them grow!
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They prefer to be planted in full sun and ordinary, well-drained soil. Shearing the plant back in the springtime will promote more compact growth. In addition, cutting plants back by half after their first bloom tends to stimulate a second bloom cycle.\n\nPhoto Courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc."",""tab-3-content"":""

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Plant as soon as you can. (Do not over water your perennials.) Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nepeta-cats-pajamas-19.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nepeta-cat-s-pajamas-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nepeta-cat-s-pajamas-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nepeta-cats-pajamas-20.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nepeta-cat-s-pajamas-3.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nepeta-cat-s-pajamas-4.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nepeta-cats-pajamas-19.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nepeta-cat-s-pajamas-1.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nepeta-cat-s-pajamas-2.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nepeta-cats-pajamas-20.gif"",""height"":""600"",""width"":""600""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nepeta-cat-s-pajamas-3.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/nepeta-cat-s-pajamas-4.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""perennial-rudbeckia-goldsturm"",""perennial-salvia-bumble-berry"",""perennial-salvia-crystal-blue""]}]}" 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new-items,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""imageFields"":{},""relations"":[]}" no-mow-grass-seed-mix,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""grass-seed-mixes"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""
What's In The Mix?
\nFestuca rubra (Creeping Red Fescue)\nFestuca brevipila 'Charlot' (Hard Fescue 'Charlot')\nFestuca ovina var. duriuscula 'Heron (Hard Fescue 'Heron')\n\nSeeding Rate: 116 lbs. per acre or 3 lbs. per 1,000 sq. ft.\n\n\nSHIPPING and HANDLING CHARGES:\n(For U.S. Only)\n\n

Standard Processing & Shipping (Processed within 72 Hours)

\nOrders of $39 or More! = FREE\n Just $5.95 for orders of $38.99 or Less!\n\n

Priority Processing & Shipping (Processed within 48 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $9.95\n\n

Expedited Processing & Shipping (Processed within 24 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $16.95\n\n

Express, Next Day Etc.

\nPlease Phone or E-mail Customer Service"",""tab-3-content"":""Grasses are used for conservation, erosion control, creating natural areas and for wildlife habitats. Planting native grasses has become increasingly popular over the last few years as they have low environmental impact. You can also use some grasses like rye as a green manure over the winter months to repair or rectify your soil. Farmers have done this for years.\n\nPreparation:\nPrepare the area where you would like to plant native grass seed as you would for a wildflower seed mix. Remove all existing growth, either by hand, roto-tilling, rough or power raking. Till only deep enough to remove all old roots. Deep tilling may bring up dormant weed seeds lying beneath which will compete with the new seed you wish to sow. If you want to be sure your soil is weed seed free, youll have to till, wait for the crop of new weeds to grow, usually one to three weeks and then do one of two things; kill them down with one of the safe, non-residual herbicides such as Round-up or to till again as in step one. If you use the herbicide method, then once the weeds are dead, rake them out and seed without roto-tilling again. If using the roto-till method, you can seed after the second or third tilling.\n\nSowing:\nOnce your soil is prepared and free of previous growth, its important to sow immediately, either Spring or Fall. (If you let time go by between preparation and spreading your seed, youre giving possible weeds an advantage over the new seed you wish to sow. You can use a hand crank seed sower, but most simply scatter the seed by hand. Put your grass seed into two buckets; add in any wildflower seed and some sand. Usually 4 parts sand to 1 part seed. The sand does two things: It dilutes the seed, making it easier to sow evenly, and since its light-colored, it shows you where youve been on the dark soil as you go. Next, sow one buckets mix over your whole area. Then go back in the opposite direction and do the same with the second bucket. This way, you should have even spreading and no bare spots. Once seed is sown, be sure you have a good seed to soil contact. If you can, use a lawn roller or lay down a large board and walk on it to compress (squash down) the seed into the bare soil. If strictly sowing a grass mixture or an individual grass species, you can lightly rake in or cover your grass seed lightly.\n\nWatering: Keep your new area watered for the first month or two and then it should be self-sufficient unless you are having a drought.\n\n**********************************************************\n

What in the World is Green Manure or Cover Crops and Why Should I Care?

\nGreen manure crops may include legumes such as cowpeas, soybeans, annual sweet clover, vetch, etc. as well as non-leguminous crops such as sudangrass, millet, sorghum, and buckwheat. Legumes are often used as green manure crops for their nitrogen fixing abilities, while non-leguminous crops are used primarily for weed suppression and addition of biomass to the soil. Green manures usually perform multiple functions that include soil improvement and soil protection: Incorporation of cover crops into the soil is immediately followed by an increase in abundance of soil microorganisms that aid in the decomposition of this fresh material. The degradation of plant material allows the nutrients held within the green manure to be released and made available to the succeeding crop. This additional decomposition also allows for the re-incorporation of nutrients that are found in the soil in a particular form such as nitrogen, potassium , phosphorus , calcium , magnesium , and sulfur. Microbial activity in the soil also leads to the formation of mycelium and viscous materials which benefit the health of the soil by increasing its soil structure (i.e. by aggregation). Soil that is well- aggregated has increased aeration and water infiltration rates, and is more easily turned or tilled than non- aggregated soil. Further aeration of the soil results from the ability of the root systems of many green manure crops to efficiently penetrate compact soils. The amount of humus found in the soil also increases with higher rates of decomposition, which is beneficial for the growth of the crop succeeding the green manure crop. Green manure crops are also useful for weed control, erosion prevention, and reduction of insect pests and diseases. The deep rooting properties of many green manure crops make them efficient at suppressing weed. Green manure crops often provide habitat for many native pollinators as well as predatory beneficial insects, which allow for a reduction in the input of insecticides where cover crops are planted. Some green manures are also successful at suppressing plant diseases. Incorporation of green manures into a farming system can drastically reduce, if not eliminate, the need for additional products such as supplemental fertilizers and pesticides. Organic farming also relies on soil health and cycling of nutrients through the soil using natural processes. Green manures perform the vital function of fertilization, in concert with the addition of animal manures if those are used. Green manure also brings other organic advantages with it depending upon the plant type used. Buckwheat, for example, prevents the spread of weeds, and Winter wheat and Winter rye can also be used for grazing.\n\n\n

Planting a Cover Crop or Green Manure Crop?

\n\nWhen Do I Plant a Cover or Green Manure Crop?\nPlant in Spring/Early Summer or Fall\n\nHow Do I Plant?\nSame as the instructions above.\n\nWhat is the Next Step?\nSome of your cover crops may slow their growth in cold temps but will re-start again in early spring. In mid-late spring, mow down your cover crops before they go to seed and then rototill them into the soil in preparation for new garden areas. You will need to wait about 3-5 weeks after tilling before you plant anything new in this area. As most cover crops or green manures add beneficial nutrients to the soil, this allows the nutrients added to be released into the soil and some of them like rye which keep down other seeds (like weeds) from germinating will no longer be present in the soil after a few weeks. After you wait this time amount, go ahead and plant your new areas according to the proper instructions for what you are planting."",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-mix-2.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""400""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-seed-mix-14.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-seed-mix-5.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-seed-mix-38.gif"",""height"":""480"",""width"":""640""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-seed-mix-39.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-seed-mix-40.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-mix-2.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""400""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-seed-mix-14.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-seed-mix-5.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-seed-mix-38.gif"",""height"":""480"",""width"":""640""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-seed-mix-39.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-seed-mix-40.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-seed-mix-41.gif"",""height"":""640"",""width"":""480""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-seed-mix-42.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-seed-mix-43.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset3"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-seed-mix-44.gif"",""height"":""480"",""width"":""640""},""inset3-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-seed-mix-45.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset3-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/no-mow-grass-seed-mix-46.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""conservation-grass-seed-mix"",""conservation-shade-mix"",""native-grass-seed-mix""]}]}" 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What's in the Mix: (Contains 26 Wildflowers)
Botanical Name Common Name Life Cycle Approx. Height & Color
Centaurea cyanus Blue Cornflower Annual 2 ft. Blue
Cheiranthus allionii Siberian Wallflower Biennial 2 ft. Orange
Chrysanthemum maximum Shasta Daisy Perennial 3 ft. White
Clarkia amonea Godetia Annual 1-2 ft. Pink
Coreopsis lanceolata Lance-leaf Coreopsis Perennial 3 ft. Yellow
Coreopsis tinctoria Plains Coreopsis Annual 2-3 ft. Yellow/Red
Cosmos sulphureus Sulphur Cosmos Annual 3 ft. Orange
Cosmos bipinatus Wild Cosmos Annual 3-6 ft. Pink/White/Mauve
Delphinium consolida Rocket Larkspur Annual 3-4 ft. Multi
Dianthus barbatus Sweet William Biennial 2 ft. Multi Pinks
Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower Perennial 3 ft. Purple
Eschscholzia californica Orange Poppy Tender Perennial 2-3 ft. Orange
Gaillardia aristata Blanket Flower Perennial 3 ft. Yellow/Red
Gypsophila elegans Babys Breath Annual 2 ft. White
Helianthus annuus Wild Sunflower Annual 3 ft. Yellow
Lavatera trimestris Rose Mallow Annual 2-3 ft. Pink
Linum grandiflorum rubrum Scarlet Flax Annual 1-2 ft. Red
Linum perenne lewisii Blue Flax Perennial 2 ft. Blue
Lupinus perennis Perennial Lupine Perennial 3-4 ft. Purple
Mirabilis jalapa Four OClock Annual 2-3 ft. Mixed
Myosotis sylvatica Forget-me-not Perennial up to 1 ft. Blue
Nemophila menziesii Baby Blue Eyes Annual up to 1 ft. Blue
Papaver rhoeas Multi Poppy Annual 2-3 ft. Red
Rudbeckia gloriosa Gloriosa Daisy Perennial 2-3ft. Red/Yellow
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan Biennial 2-3 ft. Yellow
Silene armeria None-so-pretty Annual 2-3 ft. Pink
\n\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE.\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 oz. up 100 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 2,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 10,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 20,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\n\n\nSHIPPING and HANDLING CHARGES:\n(For U.S. Only)\n\n

Standard Processing & Shipping (Processed within 72 Hours)

\nOrders of $39 or More! = FREE\n Just $5.95 for orders of $38.99 or Less!\n\n

Priority Processing & Shipping (Processed within 48 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $9.95\n\n

Expedited Processing & Shipping (Processed within 24 Hours)

\nAny Order Size or Amount = $16.95\n\n

Express, Next Day Etc.

\nPlease Phone or E-mail Customer Service\n"",""tab-3-content"":""
Detailed Instructions
\n\nHow Much Seed Do I Need?\nIn planning a wildflower meadow or garden, first you need to choose your site and estimate the square footage of the area. To find the square footage of any square or rectangular area, simply multiply the length in feet times the width in feet. For example, a border 50 feet long and 10 feet wide is 500 sq. ft. in area (50 X 10 = 500). For a circle, the area is equal to “pi” r squared, or pi (3.1) times the radius of your circle, squared. If your circle is 20 feet across, its radius is half of that or 10 ft. So to get the square footage of the circle: 3.1 X 10 X 10 = 310 sq. ft. The amount of seed you should plant depends on the flower display you want. Most usually want dense or maximum bloom. All mixtures are pure wildflower seed, no fillers or grasses. The denser you sow your wildflower area with seed, the more you will hold out the weeds and grasses. Just be sure not to over seed, so your wildflowers do not compete with themselves for space!\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 oz. up 100 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 2,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 10,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 20,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX. DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE!\n\nNote: If you have a large site, from ½ acre to several acres, your planting rate may be affected by land conditions. If you have heavy weeds on the site now, some erosion, generally poor soil, or other land problems, additional seed is usually the most economical solution. If your site does have these types of problems and you want to build in some assurance of full coverage, use a per pound coverage rate of 1000 sq ft. We usually suggest 50 lbs. per acre.\n\nWhere to Plant: Unless you are planting our Partial Shade Mix or Woodland Species, choose a spot with as much sun as possible. We consider full sun at least 6 hours daily.  For wildflowers, full sun is best. Most all soils are acceptable -- if any plant has grown in the spot, it should support wildflowers, which are tough and will adapt to the soil you provide for them.\n\n When to Plant: The optimum time to plant wildflower seed in your area depends on your climate and rainfall patterns, as well as the species you are planting.  In cooler climates; plant annuals, perennials or mixtures of annuals and perennials in spring, early summer or late fall. In milder or warm climates; plant wildflower seed during the cooler months of the year, fall through spring.  Perennials can be sown spring, summer and fall. If planting perennials late summer be sure to allow 10 weeks growing time before plants go dormant for the winter months. Spring planting: when there is no further chance of a killing frost, meaning that your night time temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and above. Summer plantings: annuals or mixes containing annuals can be planted through mid-summer. Depending on your climate you want to insure that you have enough time to enjoy all the annuals in your growing season. Perennials can be planted through the summer up until 10 weeks before your cold weather sets in. Fall plantings: in areas with freezing weather, a fall planting must be after a killing frost when your daytime temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and below but before the ground freezes. In other words, when you are sure cold weather has set in. Killing frosts usually happen at 28 degrees Fahrenheit. Fall plantings in cooler climates are dormant plantings and should be late enough so that the ground temperature is low but the ground is not yet frozen. Seeds must remain dormant – the seeds will germinate in spring. In areas of no frost, plant as your rainy season begins.  It is never too late to plant – just ask us for details on how and what to plant! Click here to read more about Fall planting!\n\nSoil Preparation: This is the most important step in obtaining success of your wildflower planting, whether it is a small garden or a large meadow. Remove all existing growth, either by hand , roto-tilling, rough or power raking. Till only deep enough to remove all old roots. Deep tilling may bring up dormant weed seeds lying beneath which will compete with your flowers. If you want to be sure your soil is weed seed free, youll have to till, wait for the crop of new weeds to grow, usually one to three weeks and then do one of two things; kill them down with one of the safe, non-residual method of using white vinegar; or to till again as in step one. If you use the vinegar method, then once the weeds are dead, rake them out and seed your wildflowers without roto-tilling again. If using the roto-till method, you can seed after the second or third tilling. For those of you that wish to use an herbicide, please read the label for any detrimental effects it may cause. If you choose to use this, use the same steps as if using the vinegar.\n\n About Fertilizer: When you choose to plant wildflowers there is usually minimal weeding done…and fertilizer will encourage the weeds and grasses. Fertilizer is not necessary for a great wildflower garden or meadow. (No one fertilizes in the wild or along roadsides), but if you want this extra boost for your flowers, fertilize only where you are willing to weed.\n\nSowing: Once your soil is prepared and free of previous growth, it’s important to sow immediately. (If you let time go by between preparation and spreading your seed, you’re giving possible weeds an advantage over your wildflower seed). You can use a hand crank seed sower, but most simply scatter the seed by hand. If you want to be sure to get good, even coverage, divide your seed into two roughly equal parts, in two buckets or cans. Then add clean sandbox sand to both halves, roughly 4-5 parts of sand to 1 part of seed. The sand does two things: It “dilutes” the seed, making it easier to sow evenly, and since it’s light-colored, it shows you “where you’ve been” on the dark soil as you go. Next, sow one bucket’s mix over your whole area. Then go back in the opposite direction and do the same with the second bucket. This way, you should have even spreading and no bare spots. Once seed is sown, do not rake or cover it in any way. If you can, use a lawn roller or lay down a large board and walk on it to compress (squash down) the seed into the bare soil. Remember, some of the seed you’re sowing is tiny; even the lightest covering of soil can stop it from germinating. Keep your new seedbed moist until seedlings are about 6-8” tall. After that, they should be self- sufficient; however watering during droughts will keep your flowers blooming.\n\n Know your Annuals, Perennials, Biennials: If you are planting one of our regional mixes, your seed is approximately 50% wild annuals, which will bloom the first year, and 50% wild perennials, which won’t bloom until the second year. The annuals are quick-growing, quick-blooming and will bloom for months, and then die with a killing frost. Most do reseed, but the seed must fall on bare ground to re-grow the next spring. Perennials are the flowers that “come back every year” from the same roots, forming expanding clumps in your meadow over the years. Biennials bloom the second year, and are killed by that year’s frost. However, they are heavy re-seeders, and usually reappear in the meadow.\n\nMaintenance: The amount of work you want to put into your meadow area is up to you. The only requirement is a once-a-year mowing in the fall after killing frosts—to disperse seed and to keep down brushy growth. Another good practice is to identify areas that have become weak or weed-filled, and to reseed those spots, the same way you repair bare spots in a lawn. Once you are able to identify weeds, hand pulling is a viable method of control for the small to medium garden. Any weed that you can pull will constitute to the success of your garden for years. One weed can disperse thousands of seeds, so get ‘em out of there if you can. If you have a large planting and you notice an area of weeds, then the above method of re-tilling and re-seeding that area is your way to obtain maximum success.\n\n Be Patient and Enjoy! Be patient while your garden or meadow establishes but once it has you’ll notice small wildlife, many birds, butterflies and other insects that are attracted to your wild garden; observing these visitors is one of the greatest pleasures of growing wildflowers. Mow paths through your meadow, put in benches and bird-feeders, and enjoy it all for years to come.\n\n
Common Questions
\n

How do I kill the Grass in my wildflower area?

\nContact Us for Suggestions!\n\n

What can I plant for the honey bees, butterflies etc.?

\nAll wildflowers are beneficial but we recommend our Deluxe Mix which has everything for everybody or our Hummingbird/Butterfly or Nature’s Choice Mix!\n\n

Can I grow wildflowers in full shade?

\nThe technical answer is no, all wildflowers need some sort of light. There is one wildflower that will do well in complete shade, Forget-me-not and you can also use our Woodland or Hand Gathered and Rare species. Call or e-mail us for advice.\n\n

Is the Queen Anne’s Lace you sell invasive?

\nNO, absolutely not. We do not sell invasive species. The Queen Anne’s Lace we sell is the annual, (Ammi majus) and not the invasive, Daucus Caroata.\n\n

Can I use more than one mix in the same area?

\nYes, mix and match away! You can also mix mixes together or add additional species - the creativity is endless!\n\n

When Should I Plant?

\nIn Spring, Summer or Fall; see above for complete info!\n\n

How do I store my seeds?

\nStore seeds in a cool and dry place. If stored properly seeds are viable for years!\n\n

What’s better - A Fall or Spring seeding?

\nSome only believe in a Spring seeding while others only believe in a Fall Seeding. At the Farm, we seed Spring, Summer and Fall in order to take advantage of the entire growing season!\n\n

Can I order now and have you ship later?

\nYes, we ship when you want to - just let us know when -  we’re at your service!\n\n

Should I add anything to my soil?

\nTechnically, no - but some may need to add lime, fertilizer, gypsum or other additives. (Contact us for details)\n\n

How often should I water?

\nOnce germination happens, keep moist until seedlings are 6-8” tall - you may need to water every other day unless Mother Nature is providing the rain.\n\n

Can I transplant my wildflowers?

\nMost wildflowers do not like transplanting - so plant your seeds where you want to see them grow!
"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-1.gif"",""height"":""1024"",""width"":""1024""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-28.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-3.gif"",""height"":""1024"",""width"":""1024""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-29.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-30.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-1.gif"",""height"":""1024"",""width"":""1024""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-28.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-3.gif"",""height"":""1024"",""width"":""1024""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-29.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-30.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-31.gif"",""height"":""1024"",""width"":""1024""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-32.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-33.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset3"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-34.gif"",""height"":""1024"",""width"":""1024""},""inset3-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-35.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset3-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-36.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset4"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-37.gif"",""height"":""1024"",""width"":""1024""},""inset4-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-38.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset4-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/northeast-wildflower-seed-mix-39.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""deluxe-mix"",""partial-shade-mix"",""all-perennial-mix""]}]}" northeast-native-mix,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""native-mixes"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-3-content"":""
Detailed Instructions
\n\nHow Much Seed Do I Need?\nIn planning a wildflower meadow or garden, first you need to choose your site and estimate the square footage of the area. To find the square footage of any square or rectangular area, simply multiply the length in feet times the width in feet. For example, a border 50 feet long and 10 feet wide is 500 sq. ft. in area (50 X 10 = 500). For a circle, the area is equal to “pi” r squared, or pi (3.1) times the radius of your circle, squared. If your circle is 20 feet across, its radius is half of that or 10 ft. So to get the square footage of the circle: 3.1 X 10 X 10 = 310 sq. ft. The amount of seed you should plant depends on the flower display you want. Most usually want dense or maximum bloom. All mixtures are pure wildflower seed, no fillers or grasses. The denser you sow your wildflower area with seed, the more you will hold out the weeds and grasses. Just be sure not to over seed, so your wildflowers do not compete with themselves for space!\n\nOur suggestion for coverage is as follows:\n1 oz. up 100 sq ft\n lb covers 250 - 500 sq ft\n lb covers 500 - 1,000 sq ft\n1 lb covers 1,000 - 2,000 sq ft\n5 lbs covers 5,000 - 10,000 sq ft\n10 lbs covers 10,000 - 20,000 sq ft\n50 lbs covers 1+ Acres\nSEEDING RATES ARE APPROX. DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY OF COVERAGE YOU DESIRE!\n\nNote: If you have a large site, from ½ acre to several acres, your planting rate may be affected by land conditions. If you have heavy weeds on the site now, some erosion, generally poor soil, or other land problems, additional seed is usually the most economical solution. If your site does have these types of problems and you want to build in some assurance of full coverage, use a per pound coverage rate of 1000 sq ft. We usually suggest 50 lbs. per acre.\n\nWhere to Plant: Unless you are planting our Partial Shade Mix or Woodland Species, choose a spot with as much sun as possible. We consider full sun at least 6 hours daily.  For wildflowers, full sun is best. Most all soils are acceptable -- if any plant has grown in the spot, it should support wildflowers, which are tough and will adapt to the soil you provide for them.\n\n When to Plant: The optimum time to plant wildflower seed in your area depends on your climate and rainfall patterns, as well as the species you are planting.  In cooler climates; plant annuals, perennials or mixtures of annuals and perennials in spring, early summer or late fall. In milder or warm climates; plant wildflower seed during the cooler months of the year, fall through spring.  Perennials can be sown spring, summer and fall. If planting perennials late summer be sure to allow 10 weeks growing time before plants go dormant for the winter months. Spring planting: when there is no further chance of a killing frost, meaning that your night time temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and above. Summer plantings: annuals or mixes containing annuals can be planted through mid-summer. Depending on your climate you want to insure that you have enough time to enjoy all the annuals in your growing season. Perennials can be planted through the summer up until 10 weeks before your cold weather sets in. Fall plantings: in areas with freezing weather, a fall planting must be after a killing frost when your daytime temperatures are maintaining 45 degrees and below but before the ground freezes. In other words, when you are sure cold weather has set in. Killing frosts usually happen at 28 degrees Fahrenheit. Fall plantings in cooler climates are dormant plantings and should be late enough so that the ground temperature is low but the ground is not yet frozen. Seeds must remain dormant – the seeds will germinate in spring. In areas of no frost, plant as your rainy season begins.  It is never too late to plant – just ask us for details on how and what to plant! Click here to read more about Fall planting!\n\nSoil Preparation: This is the most important step in obtaining success of your wildflower planting, whether it is a small garden or a large meadow. Remove all existing growth, either by hand , roto-tilling, rough or power raking. Till only deep enough to remove all old roots. Deep tilling may bring up dormant weed seeds lying beneath which will compete with your flowers. If you want to be sure your soil is weed seed free, youll have to till, wait for the crop of new weeds to grow, usually one to three weeks and then do one of two things; kill them down with one of the safe, non-residual method of using white vinegar; or to till again as in step one. If you use the vinegar method, then once the weeds are dead, rake them out and seed your wildflowers without roto-tilling again. If using the roto-till method, you can seed after the second or third tilling. For those of you that wish to use an herbicide, please read the label for any detrimental effects it may cause. If you choose to use this, use the same steps as if using the vinegar.\n\n About Fertilizer: When you choose to plant wildflowers there is usually minimal weeding done…and fertilizer will encourage the weeds and grasses. Fertilizer is not necessary for a great wildflower garden or meadow. (No one fertilizes in the wild or along roadsides), but if you want this extra boost for your flowers, fertilize only where you are willing to weed.\n\nSowing: Once your soil is prepared and free of previous growth, it’s important to sow immediately. (If you let time go by between preparation and spreading your seed, you’re giving possible weeds an advantage over your wildflower seed). You can use a hand crank seed sower, but most simply scatter the seed by hand. If you want to be sure to get good, even coverage, divide your seed into two roughly equal parts, in two buckets or cans. Then add clean sandbox sand to both halves, roughly 4-5 parts of sand to 1 part of seed. The sand does two things: It “dilutes” the seed, making it easier to sow evenly, and since it’s light-colored, it shows you “where you’ve been” on the dark soil as you go. Next, sow one bucket’s mix over your whole area. Then go back in the opposite direction and do the same with the second bucket. This way, you should have even spreading and no bare spots. Once seed is sown, do not rake or cover it in any way. If you can, use a lawn roller or lay down a large board and walk on it to compress (squash down) the seed into the bare soil. Remember, some of the seed you’re sowing is tiny; even the lightest covering of soil can stop it from germinating. Keep your new seedbed moist until seedlings are about 6-8” tall. After that, they should be self- sufficient; however watering during droughts will keep your flowers blooming.\n\n Know your Annuals, Perennials, Biennials: If you are planting one of our regional mixes, your seed is approximately 50% wild annuals, which will bloom the first year, and 50% wild perennials, which won’t bloom until the second year. The annuals are quick-growing, quick-blooming and will bloom for months, and then die with a killing frost. Most do reseed, but the seed must fall on bare ground to re-grow the next spring. Perennials are the flowers that “come back every year” from the same roots, forming expanding clumps in your meadow over the years. Biennials bloom the second year, and are killed by that year’s frost. However, they are heavy re-seeders, and usually reappear in the meadow.\n\nMaintenance: The amount of work you want to put into your meadow area is up to you. The only requirement is a once-a-year mowing in the fall after killing frosts—to disperse seed and to keep down brushy growth. Another good practice is to identify areas that have become weak or weed-filled, and to reseed those spots, the same way you repair bare spots in a lawn. Once you are able to identify weeds, hand pulling is a viable method of control for the small to medium garden. Any weed that you can pull will constitute to the success of your garden for years. One weed can disperse thousands of seeds, so get ‘em out of there if you can. If you have a large planting and you notice an area of weeds, then the above method of re-tilling and re-seeding that area is your way to obtain maximum success.\n\n Be Patient and Enjoy! Be patient while your garden or meadow establishes but once it has you’ll notice small wildlife, many birds, butterflies and other insects that are attracted to your wild garden; observing these visitors is one of the greatest pleasures of growing wildflowers. Mow paths through your meadow, put in benches and bird-feeders, and enjoy it all for years to come.\n\n
Common Questions
\n

How do I kill the Grass in my wildflower area?

\nContact Us for Suggestions!\n\n

What can I plant for the honey bees, butterflies etc.?

\nAll wildflowers are beneficial but we recommend our Deluxe Mix which has everything for everybody or our Hummingbird/Butterfly or Nature’s Choice Mix!\n\n

Can I grow wildflowers in full shade?

\nThe technical answer is no, all wildflowers need some sort of light. There is one wildflower that will do well in complete shade, Forget-me-not and you can also use our Woodland or Hand Gathered and Rare species. Call or e-mail us for advice.\n\n

Is the Queen Anne’s Lace you sell invasive?

\nNO, absolutely not. We do not sell invasive species. The Queen Anne’s Lace we sell is the annual, (Ammi majus) and not the invasive, Daucus Caroata.\n\n

Can I use more than one mix in the same area?

\nYes, mix and match away! You can also mix mixes together or add additional species - the creativity is endless!\n\n

When Should I Plant?

\nIn Spring, Summer or Fall; see above for complete info!\n\n

How do I store my seeds?

\nStore seeds in a cool and dry place. If stored properly seeds are viable for years!\n\n

What’s better - A Fall or Spring seeding?

\nSome only believe in a Spring seeding while others only believe in a Fall Seeding. At the Farm, we seed Spring, Summer and Fall in order to take advantage of the entire growing season!\n\n

Can I order now and have you ship later?

\nYes, we ship when you want to - just let us know when -  we’re at your service!\n\n

Should I add anything to my soil?

\nTechnically, no - but some may need to add lime, fertilizer, gypsum or other additives. (Contact us for details)\n\n

How often should I water?

\nOnce germination happens, keep moist until seedlings are 6-8” tall - you may need to water every other day unless Mother Nature is providing the rain.\n\n

Can I transplant my wildflowers?

\nMost wildflowers do not like transplanting - so plant your seeds where you want to see them grow!
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obedient-plant,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""native-species"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Woodland and Rare Wildflowers\nAbout: Many seeds of woodland and rare wildflowers have built-in dormancy mechanisms which protect them from germinating before killing frosts or in times of drought. In the wild, seeds will lie dormant until they acclimate to their new environment or until the proper conditions for growth occur. To be successful with these types of species and growing them from seed you must realize that each species has a different method of naturally breaking dormancy. Woodland and Rare wildflowers are not instant garden flowers and many take a great amount of patience before they germinate and bloom. Once they do, they are well worth the wait.\nDifferent Ways Woodland and Rare Species Break Dormancy: Each species is different. Some are relatively quick and act like traditional perennials while others can take a few years. Below, we have outlined different ways these species break dormancy to help you better understand why some take longer than others. It will also help you to better understand why they dont germinate the first or second year so dont give up on them!\n1. Some species germinate upon sowing in a warm location like any other perennial. They grow and leaf the first year to begin blooming the second and successive years.\n2. Some species need a cold, moist stratification followed by an extended cold period ie. Fall/Winter.\n3. Very small seeds need light to break dormancy so they should be planted no deeper than 1/8th of an inch and just a light layer of soil cover. They shouldnt be allowed to dry out. You can tell the size of your seeds by just looking at them.\n4. Some species will need a warm, moist period followed by a cold, moist period and will need 2-4 full years of these alternating conditions to break dormancy.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/obedient-plant-seeds-2.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/obedient-plant-seeds-16.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/obedient-plant-seeds-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/obedient-plant-seeds-4.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/obedient-plant-seeds-17.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/obedient-plant-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/obedient-plant-seeds-2.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/obedient-plant-seeds-16.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/obedient-plant-seeds-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/obedient-plant-seeds-4.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/obedient-plant-seeds-17.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/obedient-plant-seeds-18.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""cardinal-flower"",""great-white-trillium-seed"",""common-lavender""]}]}" perennial-oenothera,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Height:\n1 Foot\n\nSpread:\n1-1.5 Feet\n\nFlower Color:\nYellow shades\n\nFoliage Color:\nGreen shades\n\nHardiness Zone:\n3,4,5,6,7,8\n\nSun or Shade?:\nFull sun (> 6 hrs. direct sun)\nPart shade (4-6 hrs. direct sun)\n\nWet or dry?:\nAverage water needs\nLow water needs\n\nWant to see wings?:\nn/a\n\nNeed critter resistant plants?:\nDeer resistant\n\nHow fast should it grow?:\nMedium\n\nWhen should it bloom?:\nEarly - Mid Summer\n\n\nHow's your soil?:\nPoor Soil\nAverage Soil\nFertile Soil\n\nATTRIBUTES:\nBorder plants\nDrought tolerant\nFragrant\nGround Cover\nSalt tolerant\n\nHOMEOWNER GROWING & MAINTENANCE TIPS:\nOenothera will maintain a compact form in poor, well drained soil. In fertile soil it tends to spread rampantly. Primrose is great for covering gravelly banks or other areas where soil is poor. Hot, dry conditions are no problem for this plant."",""tab-3-content"":""
PERENNIALS
\n\n

What Are Perennials?

\nTechnically, perennials are plants that live and bloom for more than 2 years. This is in contrast to annuals that live for one year and die. Some varieties of perennials are short-lived (lasting 3-4 years) but most have very long life spans such as peonies which have been known to live 100 years or more! Perennials come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. The best thing about perennials is that you only have to plant them once and then they come back bigger and better every year. What a great investment! An important distinction between annuals and perennials is that most perennials need to be vernalized (exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time) in order to bloom every year. Most perennials bloom once per season, but some re-bloom again in late summer or fall. New advancements in hybridizing are expanding the population of perennials that bloom continuously for many months at a time. Other perennials, such as hostas and ferns, are grown for their decorative foliage rather than flowers.\n\n

How Do I Use Perennials In My Garden?

\nThere are lots of ways to use perennials in your yard, garden or landscaping. Mixing up the gardens is very popular by combining annuals with perennials, and woody plants. Single varieties of perennials are sometimes planted in large patches alongside a driveway or fence line. You can fill planters with a mix of annuals and perennials which has become increasingly common in modern landscapes. Of the many perennials available today, there is something for every growing environment: sun, shade, hot & dry, cold & wet, and everything else.\n\n

How Do Your Perennials Come?

\nOur perennials come in three forms: bare roots, plant plugs or potted plants. You will find this information on each species pages. We select the form in which the plant will be shipped to you for specific reasons. Since the shipping of plants is a delicate matter and great care must be taken, we select each species by 2 criteria; what is better for that species performance wise i.e. better started as a bare root or plug or potted or what is better for that species shipping wise depending on growth rates of a particular variety. For example, we ship Columbines as plant plugs since they are just breaking dormancy and have small top growth as a plug vs. a more mature potted plant which is delicate and would get damaged during shipment. Baptisia, for example, is shipped as a bare root because they have more eyes, and are bigger and better when grown from a bare root than receiving one as a plug or potted plant etc. etc.\n\n

What is a Bareroot, Plant Plug or Potted Plant\n

\""MyA bare root is the root of a plant in a dormant state, and depending on the species, will have eyes or sprouts. It is a plant that is sold with the roots exposed, rather than potted in soil. Bare roots are healthy and usually grow quickly depending on the species. A plant plug is the general term for seedlings or rooted cuttings that have been started in trays of individual cells. Plant plugs have healthy root systems and can be dormant or breaking dormancy. Plugs and bare roots are the most economical way to purchase perennial plants. A potted plant is one that is usually in a 4-6 pot and is well on its way to growing. We rarely offer larger potted plants but those we do offer are those that need a head start, like hydrangeas or other bush-type plants because of their longer growth time.\n\n

Our Commitment to You On Quality:

\nVermont Wildflower Farm has a strong commitment to provide only the most healthy, vigorous stock to our customers. We are committed to only offering plants that our customers will be successful with. We have built our reputation by offering a wide variety of items to choose from, only the finest quality and we stand firmly behind our product. We offer superior customer service and we, like you, are gardeners too, so we wont sell you anything that does not meet our high standards and that we would not plant ourselves. In fact, all of our products are planted at our homes and our business. If something does not meet your expectations or does not grow, just call or e-mail us so we can assist you. We are also available 7 days a week to offer advice, answer questions or help you plan your gardens. Your success is our success!\n\n

Perennial Growing Tips:

\n- Perennials are colorful flowers and vibrant foliage that come back year after year. You should decide what type of garden you want and where you wish to locate your garden so you have the most effect and enjoyment. Your perennial plants should be provided as best you can with the right soil, light and water. In doing so you will enjoy a fairly maintenance free area for years to come.\n\n- Prepare your garden soil in spring as soon as you can work the soil. This usually occurs after the last frost of winter. Dig and turn your soil at least 8 inches for perennial plants. Add nutrients to the soil if need be. You can do this by simply mixing in 3-4 inches of compost.\n\n- Plan your flower bed according to height with the taller flowers in the back and shorter in the front or plan individual groupings.\n\n- Ensure you have a season-long display by choosing varieties that bloom at different times. Most perennials bloom for just a few weeks. Example: Peonies in spring, tiger lilies during the summer, and purple coneflower in early autumn will ensure flowers all season.\n\n- Group your plants by their light and water requirements. Most perennials like at least six hours of sun each day. Some, like columbines, will tolerate shade. Plant drought-tolerant varieties, like candytuft and tickseed close to each other. Bellflowers and asters need regular water and could be grouped together etc. etc.\n\n- Leave enough space between plants to allow them to grow. Plant perennials at least as far apart as the plant's mature spread. If the tag doesn't show the spread, set your plants 18 to 24 inches apart.\n\n-Dig a hole for each plant as deep as the pot it came in and add a bit of fertilizer. Hold the plant loosely at its base, up-end the pot and slide out the plant. Gently spread the roots and set the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the plant's root ball is not below the surface.\n\n-Fill in the hole and water the plant thoroughly to establish the roots. Applying mulch around the base of the plant will help to preserve moisture and discourage weeds.\n\n

What To Do When My Shipment Arrives:

\n\nArrival of Your Shipment\n If you are unable to plant right away, we suggest the following:\n Store your bare root or plug perennials for a short time at a temperature between 35 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool basement is perfect.\n Open the boxes for good air circulation to discourage surface mold growth. (surface mold is not harmful to firm and otherwise healthy looking roots and can be rinsed away prior to planting)\n Many perennial varieties including berries may not have visible top growth when received. This does not mean the plants are dead. These cultivars emerge from root or tubers and are late to break dormancy. Rest assured, that just because there are no leaves or top growth, the roots are healthy and ready to be planted. Be patient. To assist in their breaking of dormancy, warmer night temperatures of 65-70 degrees will help. Once ready to plant your new perennials, make sure you take a few steps to insure success:\n Plant as soon as you can. Make sure you wait until all chance of freezing weather has passed. If it takes a bit longer in your area, let your perennials get some sun and keep moist. (Do not over water your perennials. Leave your bare roots in their package. If you notice the contents becoming dry, moisten with a spray bottle but do not soak the bag and packing material/soil. You can transplant you plugs if you need to into gallon size containers until you can get them outside.\n Make sure you choose the right spot for your plant.\n Plant according to tag instructions.\n Make sure you follow moisture requirements for your new perennials.\n Dont pull on any top growth when removing your perennials from their pots, you can damage the plant/stalk.\n Make sure if you have specialized perennials, that you following care guides for each species.\n Make sure when planting your bare root perennials that they are planted in the proper direction (root ball at the bottom). Some dont care but others do!\n Stake those plants that need it, like Delphiniums but try to avoiding staking those that do not need it.\n Make sure that for taller plants that you fill in some ground all summer growth to cover the areas once any particular perennial has passed its bloom time.\n Many of our perennial plants bloom for very long periods.\n\nAs always, if you have any questions, please just shoot us an e-mail or call us toll-free and one of our experts will be happy to answer your questions!\n\nIf you wish your order shipped ahead of the scheduled time by zone/region, just let us know in the comments field at checkout that you wish your order shipped as soon as the products arrive in stock!\n\n\n

BILLING FOR ADVANCE SALES

\nYour online order for bulbs/bareroots/perennials etc. will be charged to your credit card including shipping at the time of placing the order (advance sale) and the bulbs and/or perennials, bare roots will ship according to the shipping schedule on the guide pages. This is standard practice in the mail-order bulb business. It not only allows us to accurately project inventory but allows us to offer you huge discounts for pre-ordering. We fully guarantee all flower bulbs and perennial plants/bareroots under the same terms as our seed products.\n\n

SHIPPING INFORMATION (TIMES)

\nSouth, Southwest, Western states begin shipping 3/20 3/30. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nLower Midwest, Mid-Atlantic begin shipping 4/5 - 4/20. You should expect your order within those dates or shortly thereafter.\nUpper Midwest and Northeast (colder zones) begin shipping 4/15 - 4/30. You should expect your order shortly thereafter.\nDO NOT PANIC about shipping dates. Perennial plants and bareroots can be planted quite late and establish well.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/oenothera-missouriensis-10.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/oenothera-missouriensis-20.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/oenothera-missouriensis-21.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/oenothera-missouriensis-10.gif"",""height"":""400"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/oenothera-missouriensis-20.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/oenothera-missouriensis-21.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" wd81,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""photogallery"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/oh-yeah-a-nap-at-the-farm-7.gif"",""height"":""453"",""width"":""604""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/oh-yeah-a-nap-at-the-farm-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/oh-yeah-a-nap-at-the-farm-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/oh-yeah-a-nap-at-the-farm-7.gif"",""height"":""453"",""width"":""604""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/oh-yeah-a-nap-at-the-farm-9.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/oh-yeah-a-nap-at-the-farm-10.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[]}" ohio-spiderwort,d,"{""minimum-quantity"":""1"",""path"":""native-species"",""template"":""ey-master"",""tab-1-content"":""Woodland and Rare Wildflowers\nAbout: Many seeds of woodland and rare wildflowers have built-in dormancy mechanisms which protect them from germinating before killing frosts or in times of drought. In the wild, seeds will lie dormant until they acclimate to their new environment or until the proper conditions for growth occur. To be successful with these types of species and growing them from seed you must realize that each species has a different method of naturally breaking dormancy. Woodland and Rare wildflowers are not instant garden flowers and many take a great amount of patience before they germinate and bloom. Once they do, they are well worth the wait.\nDifferent Ways Woodland and Rare Species Break Dormancy: Each species is different. Some are relatively quick and act like traditional perennials while others can take a few years. Below, we have outlined different ways these species break dormancy to help you better understand why some take longer than others. It will also help you to better understand why they dont germinate the first or second year so dont give up on them!\n1. Some species germinate upon sowing in a warm location like any other perennial. They grow and leaf the first year to begin blooming the second and successive years.\n2. Some species need a cold, moist stratification followed by an extended cold period ie. Fall/Winter.\n3. Very small seeds need light to break dormancy so they should be planted no deeper than 1/8th of an inch and just a light layer of soil cover. They shouldnt be allowed to dry out. You can tell the size of your seeds by just looking at them.\n4. Some species will need a warm, moist period followed by a cold, moist period and will need 2-4 full years of these alternating conditions to break dormancy.\n"",""imageFields"":{""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-2.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-20.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-4.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""image"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-2.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""image-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-20.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""image-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-7.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset"":{""url"":""https://sep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-4.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-21.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-22.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset2"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-23.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset2-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-24.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset2-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-25.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""},""inset3"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-26.gif"",""height"":""300"",""width"":""300""},""inset3-amp-main"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-27.gif"",""height"":""200"",""width"":""360""},""inset3-amp-inset"":{""url"":""https://s.yimg.com/aah/yhst-61819287486445/ohio-spiderwort-seeds-28.gif"",""height"":""100"",""width"":""100""}},""relations"":[{""name"":""related-items"",""ids"":[""cardinal-flower"",""great-white-trillium-seed"",""common-lavender""]}]}" 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